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Institution

Vrije Universiteit Brussel

EducationBrussels, Belgium
About: Vrije Universiteit Brussel is a(n) education organization based out in Brussels, Belgium. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Population & Large Hadron Collider. The organization has 14295 authors who have published 38258 publication(s) receiving 1203970 citation(s). The organization is also known as: VUB.
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Book
Leonard Kaufman1, Peter J. Rousseeuw2Institutions (2)
01 Jan 1990
TL;DR: An electrical signal transmission system, applicable to the transmission of signals from trackside hot box detector equipment for railroad locomotives and rolling stock, wherein a basic pulse train is transmitted whereof the pulses are of a selected first amplitude and represent a train axle count.
Abstract: 1. Introduction. 2. Partitioning Around Medoids (Program PAM). 3. Clustering large Applications (Program CLARA). 4. Fuzzy Analysis. 5. Agglomerative Nesting (Program AGNES). 6. Divisive Analysis (Program DIANA). 7. Monothetic Analysis (Program MONA). Appendix 1. Implementation and Structure of the Programs. Appendix 2. Running the Programs. Appendix 3. Adapting the Programs to Your Needs. Appendix 4. The Program CLUSPLOT. References. Author Index. Subject Index.

10,531 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Results are presented from searches for the standard model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s)=7 and 8 TeV in the CMS experiment at the LHC, using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1 inverse femtobarns at 7 TeV and 5.3 inverse femtobarns at 8 TeV. The search is performed in five decay modes: gamma gamma, ZZ, WW, tau tau, and b b-bar. An excess of events is observed above the expected background, a local significance of 5.0 standard deviations, at a mass near 125 GeV, signalling the production of a new particle. The expected significance for a standard model Higgs boson of that mass is 5.8 standard deviations. The excess is most significant in the two decay modes with the best mass resolution, gamma gamma and ZZ; a fit to these signals gives a mass of 125.3 +/- 0.4 (stat.) +/- 0.5 (syst.) GeV. The decay to two photons indicates that the new particle is a boson with spin different from one.

8,357 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Junjie Qin1, Ruiqiang Li1, Jeroen Raes2, Manimozhiyan Arumugam  +49 moreInstitutions (5)
04 Mar 2010-Nature
TL;DR: The Illumina-based metagenomic sequencing, assembly and characterization of 3.3 million non-redundant microbial genes, derived from 576.7 gigabases of sequence, from faecal samples of 124 European individuals are described, indicating that the entire cohort harbours between 1,000 and 1,150 prevalent bacterial species and each individual at least 160 such species.
Abstract: To understand the impact of gut microbes on human health and well-being it is crucial to assess their genetic potential. Here we describe the Illumina-based metagenomic sequencing, assembly and characterization of 3.3 million non-redundant microbial genes, derived from 576.7 gigabases of sequence, from faecal samples of 124 European individuals. The gene set, ~150 times larger than the human gene complement, contains an overwhelming majority of the prevalent (more frequent) microbial genes of the cohort and probably includes a large proportion of the prevalent human intestinal microbial genes. The genes are largely shared among individuals of the cohort. Over 99% of the genes are bacterial, indicating that the entire cohort harbours between 1,000 and 1,150 prevalent bacterial species and each individual at least 160 such species, which are also largely shared. We define and describe the minimal gut metagenome and the minimal gut bacterial genome in terms of functions present in all individuals and most bacteria, respectively

7,873 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Curtis Huttenhower1, Curtis Huttenhower2, Dirk Gevers2, Rob Knight3  +250 moreInstitutions (42)
14 Jun 2012-Nature
Abstract: The Human Microbiome Project Consortium reports the first results of their analysis of microbial communities from distinct, clinically relevant body habitats in a human cohort; the insights into the microbial communities of a healthy population lay foundations for future exploration of the epidemiology, ecology and translational applications of the human microbiome.

6,805 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector is described. The detector operates at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. It was conceived to study proton-proton (and lead-lead) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV (5.5 TeV nucleon-nucleon) and at luminosities up to 10(34)cm(-2)s(-1) (10(27)cm(-2)s(-1)). At the core of the CMS detector sits a high-magnetic-field and large-bore superconducting solenoid surrounding an all-silicon pixel and strip tracker, a lead-tungstate scintillating-crystals electromagnetic calorimeter, and a brass-scintillator sampling hadron calorimeter. The iron yoke of the flux-return is instrumented with four stations of muon detectors covering most of the 4 pi solid angle. Forward sampling calorimeters extend the pseudo-rapidity coverage to high values (vertical bar eta vertical bar <= 5) assuring very good hermeticity. The overall dimensions of the CMS detector are a length of 21.6 m, a diameter of 14.6 m and a total weight of 12500 t.

4,663 citations


Authors

Showing all 14295 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
D. M. Strom1763167194314
Christopher M. Dobson1501008105475
Dario Bisello1402005107859
Giorgio Maggi135132390270
Jörg P. Rachen13340094766
Pascal Vanlaer133127091850
Freya Blekman133138889808
Jorgen D'Hondt132125789685
Tae Jeong Kim132142093959
Xavier Janssen132130986860
Matthias Ulrich Mozer131118587709
Valery Zhukov129125583330
Stephanie Beauceron129121386374
Steven Lowette128109478876
Yen-Jie Lee128124782542
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202255
20212,413
20202,195
20192,169
20182,125
20172,111