Journal•ISSN: 0001-5970

# Acta Mechanica

About: Acta Mechanica is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Boundary value problem & Constitutive equation. It has an ISSN identifier of 0001-5970. Over the lifetime, 6667 publication(s) have been published receiving 101163 citation(s).

Topics: Boundary value problem, Constitutive equation, Solid mechanics, Finite element method, Nonlinear system

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: A comparison of the results with those of other evolutionary algorithms shows that the proposed algorithm outperforms its rivals.

Abstract: This paper presents a new optimization algorithm based on some principles from physics and mechanics, which will be called Charged System Search (CSS). We utilize the governing Coulomb law from electrostatics and the Newtonian laws of mechanics. CSS is a multi-agent approach in which each agent is a Charged Particle (CP). CPs can affect each other based on their fitness values and their separation distances. The quantity of the resultant force is determined by using the electrostatics laws and the quality of the movement is determined using Newtonian mechanics laws. CSS can be utilized in all optimization fields; especially it is suitable for non-smooth or non-convex domains. CSS needs neither the gradient information nor the continuity of the search space. The efficiency of the new approach is demonstrated using standard benchmark functions and some well-studied engineering design problems. A comparison of the results with those of other evolutionary algorithms shows that the proposed algorithm outperforms its rivals.

929 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors introduced the concept of a bounding surface in the stress space which always encloses the loading surface, and a parameter defined by the relative position of the loading and the bounding surfaces, and the plastic work done during the most recent loading, determine the value of the plastic modulus.

Abstract: A number of observations are made on the macroscopic behavior of materials subjected to uniaxial random cyclic loadings. These observations are then generalized to construct a model describing the material behavior for complex multiaxial loadings, in particular for cyclic loadings. This generalization introduces the concept of a bounding surface in the stress space which always encloses the loading surface. A parameter defined by the relative position of the loading and the bounding surface, and the plastic work done during the most recent loading, determine the value of the plastic modulus.

768 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, an expression for the rate of material rotation as an explicit function of vorticity, rate of deformation and stretch is derived, and it is shown that the change of change of stress depends on material rotation.

Abstract: When a solid element experience large deformations, the components of stress will, in general, vary as a result of material rotation. These changes occur even in the absence of additional strain, and need to be accounted for in formulating constitutive laws that involve the rate of change of stress. In this paper the correction terms are extended to the case when material axes become strongly skewed. An expression for the rate of material rotation as an explicit function of vorticity, rate of deformation and stretch is derived. It is then shown that the rate of change of stress depends on the rate of material rotation. As an example, expressions for material rotation and stress are derived for a hypoelastic material undergoing uniform, rectilinear, shear. The shear stress is compared with a solution that neglects skewing of the axes, and it is found that, for the example, skewing may be neglected for strains less than 0.4. Finally, the use of these relations in numerical calculations involving finite deformation is discussed.

443 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a model to predict the flow of an initially stationary mass of cohesionless granular material down rough curved beds is described, where the constitutive behaviour of the material making up the pile is described by a Mohr-Coulomb criterion while the bed boundary condition is treated by a similar Coulomb-type basal friction law assumption.

Abstract: This paper describes a model to predict the flow of an initially stationary mass of cohesion-less granular material down rough curved beds. This work is of interest in connection with the motion of rock and ice avalanches and dense flow snow avalanches. The constitutive behaviour of the material making up the pile is assumed to be described by a Mohr-Coulomb criterion while the bed boundary condition is treated by a similar Coulomb-type basal friction law assumption. By depth averaging the incompressible conservation of mass and linear momentum equations that are written in terms of a curvilinear coordinate system aligned with the curved bed, we obtain evolution equations for the depthh and the depth averaged velocityū. Three characteristic length scales are defined for use in the non-dimensionalization and scaling of the governing equations. These are a characteristic avalanche lengthL, a characteristic heightH, and a characteristic bed radius of curvatureR. Three independent parameters emerge in the non-dimensionalized equations of motion. One, which is the aspect ratio e-H/L, is taken to be small. By choosing different orderings for the other two, the tangent of the bed friction angle δ and the characteristic non-dimensional curvature λ=L/R, we can obtain different sets of equations of motion which appropriately display the desired importance of bed friction and bed curvature effects. The equations, correct to order e for moderate curvature, are discretized in the form of a Lagrangian-type finite difference representation which proved to be successful in the earlier studies of Savage and Hutter [24] for granular flow down rough plane surfaces. Laboratory experiments were performed with plastic particles flowing down a chute having a bed made up of a straight, inclined portion, a curved part and a horizontal portion. Numerical solutions are presented for conditions corresponding to the laboratory experiments. It is found that the predicted temporal-evolutions of the rear and front of the pile of granular material as well as the shape of the pile agree quite well with the laboratory experiments.

440 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a general two-dimensional theory suitable for the static and/or dynamic analysis of a transverse shear deformable plate, constructed of a homogeneous, monoclinic, linearly elastic material and subjected to any type of shear tractions at its lateral planes, is presented.

Abstract: A general two-dimensional theory suitable for the static and/or dynamic analysis of a transverse shear deformable plate, constructed of a homogeneous, monoclinic, linearly elastic material and subjected to any type of shear tractions at its lateral planes, is presented. Developed on the basis of Hamilton's principle, in conjunction with the method of Lagrange multipliers, this new theory accounts for an unlimited number of choices of through-thickness displacement distributions, while, starting with the smallest possible number of independent displacement components (five, for a shear deformation theory), it is capable of further operating with as many degrees of freedom as desired. For the particular case of a theory operating with five degrees of freedom, special attention is given to displacement expansions producing symmetric, through thicknes, distributions of transverse shear strain. For the cylindrical bending problem of a specially orthotropic plate, the governing equations of that five-degrees-of-freedom theory are solved and for three different choices of symmetric, through tickness, transverse shear deformation, numerical results are obtained and compared with corresponding results based on the exact three-dimensional solution existing in the literature. The comparisons made show clearly, that the multiple options offered by the new theory, by either suitably altering the displacement expansions or gradually increasing the degrees of freedom involved, will be found useful in future studies dealing with the static and/or dynamic analysis of homogeneous plates.

437 citations