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Showing papers in "American Politics Research in 2020"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Theories of campaign issue emphasis were developed in a pre-digital era and how well do these theories explain spending in the current era, when digital media allow for targeting of specific types of issues as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Theories of campaign issue emphasis were developed in a pre-digital era. How well do these theories explain spending in the current era, when digital media allow for targeting of specific types of ...

24 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article used Twitter data and machine learning methods to analyze the causal impact of the Supreme Court's legalization of same-sex marriage at the federal level in the United States on politi...
Abstract: This article uses Twitter data and machine-learning methods to analyze the causal impact of the Supreme Court’s legalization of same-sex marriage at the federal level in the United States on politi...

20 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examine whether the structure of state legislatures affects observed discriminative ability of actors to discriminate, and find that organizational structure can influence the ability of actor to discriminate.
Abstract: Research suggests that organizational structure can influence the ability of actors to discriminate. In this research note, we examine whether the structure of state legislatures affects observed d...

16 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: As the Latino population in the United States grows, it is increasingly important to understand how the unique experience of Latino judges translates into legal decisions as mentioned in this paper, and this experience has inclu...
Abstract: As the Latino population in the United States grows, it is increasingly important to understand how the unique experience of Latino judges translates into legal decisions. This experience has inclu...

15 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors considered how the emotions (enthusiasm and anxiety) partisans feel toward U.S. presidential candidates may heighten or diminish their support for the candidates.
Abstract: In the context of an increasingly divided populace, this article considered how the emotions (enthusiasm and anxiety) partisans feel toward U.S. presidential candidates may heighten or diminish aff...

15 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Partisan polarization is a central feature of American political life and a robust literature has shown that citizens engage in partisan motivated reasoning when processing political information as mentioned in this paper, which is a strong predictor of political polarization.
Abstract: Partisan polarization is a central feature of American political life, and a robust literature has shown that citizens engage in partisan motivated reasoning when processing political information

14 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper assess the importance of the public's policy agreement with the Supreme Court on public approval of the court, using survey data on a range of recent court cases, measuring respondents' perceiv...
Abstract: We assess the importance of the public’s policy agreement with the Supreme Court on public approval of the court. Using survey data on a range of recent court cases, we measure respondents’ perceiv...

14 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Concerns about the deservingness of policy beneficiaries appear to explain skepticism about redistributive social assistance programs as mentioned in this paper, despite requiring beneficiaries from the policy recipients, and despite requiring them to be paid by the government.
Abstract: Concerns about the deservingness of policy beneficiaries appear to explain skepticism about redistributive social assistance programs. Many social insurance programs, despite requiring beneficiarie...

14 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is argued that local challenges remain when maintaining voters’ registration and voting history information, which undermines the quality of voter lists and the integrity of the electoral process.
Abstract: Accurate voter lists facilitate access to the electoral process, indicate efficient voter list maintenance, and reinforce electoral integrity. Errors in voter records often result from variation in...

13 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Kyle Endres1
TL;DR: In today's data-driven campaigns, presidential targeting strategies rely on detailed perceptions about the political leanings and policy positions of Americans to decide which registered voters to reach out to as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: In today’s data-driven campaigns, presidential targeting strategies rely on detailed perceptions about the political leanings and policy positions of Americans to decide which registered voters to ...

13 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors address the question of appearance-based effects by looking at the U.S. House of Representatives election 2016 and propose a comprehensible comprehensibility model.
Abstract: This article addresses the question of appearance-based effects by looking at the U.S. House of Representatives election 2016. We broaden the focus beyond existing studies by offering a comprehensi...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors argue that candidates have incentives to present themselves as strong partisans in primary elections, and then move "toward the center" upon advancing to the general election.
Abstract: Candidates have incentives to present themselves as strong partisans in primary elections, and then move “toward the center” upon advancing to the general election. Yet, candidates also face incent...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: While scholars have shown strong interest in the role of emotions in politics, questions remain about the connections between emotions and political intolerance as discussed by the authors, and it is not clear which emotio...
Abstract: While scholars have shown strong interest in the role of emotions in politics, questions remain about the connections between emotions and political intolerance. First, it is not clear which emotio...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: As the 2016 election season and the Me Too movement have powerfully demonstrated, sexism is a pervasive force not just in American politics but also, more generally, in women's everyday lives as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: As the 2016 election season and the Me Too movement have powerfully demonstrated, sexism is a pervasive force not just in American politics but also, more generally, in women’s everyday lives. Whil...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A multitude of laboratory experiments show that subtle shifts in framing can induce individuals to participate in political activity as mentioned in this paper, and using four randomized field experiments, the authors tested whether expo...
Abstract: A multitude of laboratory experiments show that subtle shifts in framing can induce individuals to participate in political activity. Using four randomized field experiments, we tested whether expo...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argue that American presidential campaigns polarize or unify partisan perceptions, where the balance of these countervailing forces varies by context, and propose that they do both, where campaign messages enable...
Abstract: Do American presidential campaigns polarize or unify partisan perceptions? I propose that they do both, where the balance of these countervailing forces varies by context. Campaign messages enable ...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The congressional incumbency advantage reflects an inequity in competition as discussed by the authors, where candidates receive an electoral edge simply because they hold office, and scholars have identified an array of factors that co...
Abstract: The congressional incumbency advantage reflects an inequity in competition—candidates receive an electoral edge simply because they hold office. Scholars have identified an array of factors that co...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors sent state legislators an email from an individual seeking advice on running for office, varying the gender and party of the sender, and explored two inquiries: who the legi...
Abstract: This experiment sent state legislators an email from an individual seeking advice on running for office, varying the gender and party of the sender. This project explores two inquiries—who the legi...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Automatic voter registration (AVR) is a recent innovation in voter registration in the United States, passed by 18 states plus DC in the last 4 years as mentioned in this paper, and has generally escaped partisan polarizatio...
Abstract: Automatic voter registration (AVR) is a recent innovation in voter registration in the United States, passed by 18 states plus DC in the last 4 years. AVR has generally escaped partisan polarizatio...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article investigated the effects of social network disagreement on candidate preferences and found that disagreement had a negative effect on political tolerance and disengagement, but not on candidate preference. But they did not explore the effects on political engagement.
Abstract: This study investigates the effects of social network disagreement on candidate preferences. Although much research has explored the effects of disagreement on political tolerance and disengagement...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In American elections, poll workers are the street-level bureaucrats tasked with implemening the terms for policy implementation and often operate under limited oversight as discussed by the authors. But they do not have the power to make decisions.
Abstract: Street-level bureaucrats set the terms for policy implementation and often operate under limited oversight. In American elections, poll workers are the street-level bureaucrats tasked with implemen...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Using data from the 1984-1988 National Black Election Studies as well as the 2008 and 2012 American National Election Studies, the authors provided a comprehensive study of African American political behavio...
Abstract: Using data from the 1984–1988 National Black Election Studies as well as the 2008 and 2012 American National Election Studies, we provide a comprehensive study of African American political behavio...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Since the election of President Trump and the dawning of the #MeToo movement, gender-salient issues have had a primary place in recent American politics as mentioned in this paper. This was particularly evident in 2018 in th...
Abstract: Since the election of President Trump and the dawning of the #MeToo movement, gender-salient issues have had a primary place in recent American politics. This was particularly evident in 2018 in th...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This study investigates the reliability of Florida’s voter registration files through a phone survey, finding 17.7% of registrants fail to verify at least one identifying piece of information, and suggests voter registration forms should be treated like survey questionnaires to improve data quality with better form design.
Abstract: This study investigates the reliability of Florida’s voter registration files through a phone survey, asking respondents to verify their records. We find 17.7% of registrants fail to verify at leas...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article showed that partisan bias affects evaluations of people in nonpolitical settings, but it is unclear to what extent this bias informs evaluations of objects other than people in simila... and it is also unclear to how partisan bias informs judgments of objects in non-political settings.
Abstract: Prior research shows that partisan bias affects evaluations of people in nonpolitical settings, but it is unclear to what extent this bias informs evaluations of objects other than people in simila...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors found that Americans possess not only low levels of political knowledge but also relatively uninformed and sometimes misinformed opinions on policy matters, and that the majority of Americans are highly partisan.
Abstract: Considerable evidence exists that Americans possess not only low levels of political knowledge but also relatively uninformed—and sometimes misinformed—opinions on policy matters. Many recent studi...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors argue that male judges serving in homogeneous panels in federal appellate courts modified their deference to the government in times of heightened security concerns, and that groupthink affects court deference.
Abstract: Does groupthink affect court deference to the government in times of heightened security concerns? We argue that male judges serving in homogeneous panels in federal appellate courts modified their...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The most influential power the U.S. Supreme Court has is the power to choose which cases to decide as discussed by the authors, which allows the nation's only unelected branch of government to choose either to w...
Abstract: Arguably the most influential power the U.S. Supreme Court has is the power to choose which cases to decide. This power allows the nation’s only unelected branch of government to choose either to w...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Negativity is common in political rhetoric and advertising, but its effects are variable and one important moderator may be the specific emotions communicated by the messages and potentially in recipi....
Abstract: Negativity is common in political rhetoric and advertising, but its effects are variable. One important moderator may be the specific emotions communicated by the messages and potentially in recipi...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The ability of American political parties to change issue positions is potentially hindered by problems of coordination as mentioned in this paper, which has been identified as a major obstacle to the ability of political parties change their positions.
Abstract: The ability of American political parties to change issue positions is potentially hindered by problems of coordination. Research on parties since the 1990s has shown what tools party leadership ca...