Annales De Paleontologie
About: Annales De Paleontologie is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Cretaceous & Genus. It has an ISSN identifier of 0753-3969. Over the lifetime, 447 publications have been published receiving 4596 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Crocodile teeth from the Maastrichtian inter-trappean beds of Naskal (peninsular India) are described and removed as one of the evidences in support of an early (late Cretaceous-early Tertiary) India/Asia collision model.
Abstract: Crocodile teeth from the Maastrichtian inter-trappean beds of Naskal (peninsular India) are described here. Because of isolated denticles visible on sufficiently preserved carinae, the presence of a strong heterodonty (in size and shape), and by comparison to crocodile teeth from various taxa, they are considered as representing a ziphodont form with a heterodont dentition. The difference between ziphodont, “false ziphodont” and non-ziphodont dentitions is evaluated. With the help of scanning electron microscope photographs, it is shown that only precise characteristics of the denticles and not the tooth shape, allow to distinguish the three categories. These three categories do not correspond to monophyletic groups. It is also shown that the “alligatorid” heterodonty, meso- or eusuchian in grade, exists in each category. Although the ziphodont dentition is not sufficient to allow a taxonomical definition, the peculiarities that it often presents, depending on the taxa as well as the teeth shape, enable systematic approaches. An examination of previous works on the possible ziphodont crocodiles from the Tertiary deposits of the Indian subcontinent and on Naskal teeth demonstrate that the latter are closer to those of some Gondwanan crocodiles of mesosuchian grade, known from the early Cretaceous of Africa and possibly a form from the late Cretaceous of Madagascar. They are excluded from eusuchian Laurasiatic as well as Paleogene forms of the Indian subcontinent, either ziphodont or not. Contrary to the earlier works on the inter-trappean crocodiles, the present study removes this group as one of the evidences in support of an early (late Cretaceous-early Tertiary) India/Asia collision model. In fact, it provides an additional support for the existence of possible Cretaceous biogeographic links between India, Madagascar, Africa, and South America.
TL;DR: There is a clear difference in histological tissue types, and hence in growth regimes and rates, between pseudosuchian and ornithosuchians, which extends back to the separation of these two archosaurian lineages at least by the Middle Triassic.
Abstract: The long bone histology of some major groups of extinct Triassic crocodile relatives (phytosaurs, aetosaurs, poposaurs) is generally similar to that of living and fossil crocodylomorphs. Early deposition of more or less fibro-lamellar, fast-growing tissue gives way to cycles of deposition of a layer of less well-vascularized, predominantly parallel-fibered bone, followed by an annulus of nearly avascular bone and a line of arrested growth (LAG). These cycles, forming the so-called lamellar-zonal pattern of bone tissue suggesting slow growth, differ from the situation in most ornithosuchians (pterosaurs and dinosaurs), in which the pattern is generally that of fast-growing fibro-lamellar tissue throughout, that may become less vascular and eventually avascular only as full size is reached. LAGs are common, but annuli are not. Although the pseudosuchian pattern is presumed primitive for archosaurs, erythrosuchians (non-archosaurian Archosauriformes) apparently grew much like dinosaurs did, so the pseudosuchian pattern may not necessarily be primitive for Archosauriformes. Moreover, the histological patterns of the basal crocodylomorph Terrestrisuchus suggest elevated growth rates compared to typical crocodiles, though not as high as those of dinosaurs and pterosaurs. In general, there is a clear difference in histological tissue types, and hence in growth regimes and rates, between pseudosuchians and ornithosuchians, which extends back to the separation of these two archosaurian lineages at least by the Middle Triassic.
TL;DR: The new data suggest that the possibility of reaching and maintaining very high growth rates through ontogeny could have been a basal characteristic of archosauriforms, and ornithosuchians apparently retained and even enhanced the high growth rate of many basal archosuriforms during most of their ontogenetic trajectories.
Abstract: Three possible hypotheses could explain the polarity of the histological features of basal archosauriform and archosauromorph reptiles: either, the fibrolamellar complex is basal; or, the lamellar-zonal complex is basal or finally, the condition varied, and each complex evolved more than once in these early groups. The answer to this question would have broad implications for our understanding of the physiological, ecological, and behavioral features of the first archosaurs. To this end, we sampled the bone histology of various archosauriforms and basal archosaurs from the Triassic and Lower Jurassic: erythrosuchids, proterochampsids, euparkeriids, and basal ornithischian dinosaurs, including forms close to the origin of archosaurs but poorly assessed phylogenetically. The new data suggest that the possibility of reaching and maintaining very high growth rates through ontogeny could have been a basal characteristic of archosauriforms. This was partly retained (at least during early ontogeny) in most lineages of Triassic pseudosuchians, which nevertheless generally relied on lower growth rates to reach large body sizes. This trend to slower growth seems to have been further emphasized among Crocodylomorpha, which may thus have secondarily reverted toward more generalized reptilian growth strategies. Accordingly, their “typical ectothermic reptilian condition” may be a derived condition within archosauriforms, homoplastic to the generalized physiological condition of basal amniotes. On the other hand, ornithosuchians apparently retained and even enhanced the high growth rates of many basal archosauriforms during most of their ontogenetic trajectories. The Triassic may have been a time of “experimentation” in growth strategies for several archosauriform lineages, only one of which (ornithodirans) eventually stayed with the higher investment strategy successfully. Our data again raise the problem of a possible “phylogenetic signal” being carried by bone histology. Bone histology is highly correlated to “functional” characters as size and growth rates which are intensely involved in species-specific “life-history traits”, are under intense scrutiny by selective pressures and may accordingly evolve very rapidly. This rapid evolutionary rate would in turn produce patterns of species-specific variations that could “erase” higher-order taxonomic signals in bone tissue. In other words, this fast turnover would introduce autapomorphies (and homoplasies) at the level of apical (terminal) taxa that could blur the wider “phylogenetic signal”. Thus, the search for generalized apomorphic (or plesiomorphic) conditions of bone histological character-states at supraspecific levels may often be deceptive. Nevertheless, bone tissue phenotypes can reflect a phylogenetic signal at supraspecific levels if homologous elements are used, and if ontogenetic trajectories and size-dependent differences are taken into consideration.
TL;DR: In this article, a new abelisaurid taxon, Arcovenator escotae gen. nov., sp., was discovered at a Late Cretaceous (late Campanian) locality in the Aix-en-Provence Basin near the eponym city in south-eastern France.
Abstract: The Abelisauridae are a family of mainly Cretaceous theropod dinosaurs with a wide distribution across the Gondwanan land masses. Although their presence in Europe was reported twenty-five years ago, it has often been considered as controversial largely because of the incompleteness of the available specimens. We report here the discovery of well-preserved abelisaurid material, including a highly diagnostic braincase, at a Late Cretaceous (late Campanian) locality in the Aix-en-Provence Basin, near the eponym city in south-eastern France. A new abelisaurid taxon is erected, Arcovenator escotae gen. nov., sp. nov., on the basis of cranial and postcranial material. A phylogenetic analysis reveals that the new Abelisauridae from Provence is more closely related to taxa from India and Madagascar than to South American forms. Moreover, Genusaurus, Tarascosaurus and the previous Late Cretaceous discoveries are identified as basal abelisaurids. Contrary to previously proposed palaeobiogeographical models of abelisaurid evolution, the presence of the new taxon in Europe suggests that Europe and Africa may have played a major role in abelisaurid dispersal, which apparently involved crossing marine barriers.