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JournalISSN: 0003-4851

Annals of Mathematical Statistics 

About: Annals of Mathematical Statistics is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Population & Section (fiber bundle). It has an ISSN identifier of 0003-4851. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 3885 publication(s) have been published receiving 337347 citation(s). The journal is also known as: Ann. Math. Stat. & The Annals of mathematical statistics.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Let $x$ and $y$ be two random variables with continuous cumulative distribution functions $f$ and $g$. A statistic $U$ depending on the relative ranks of the $x$'s and $y$'s is proposed for testing the hypothesis $f = g$. Wilcoxon proposed an equivalent test in the Biometrics Bulletin, December, 1945, but gave only a few points of the distribution of his statistic. Under the hypothesis $f = g$ the probability of obtaining a given $U$ in a sample of $n x's$ and $m y's$ is the solution of a certain recurrence relation involving $n$ and $m$. Using this recurrence relation tables have been computed giving the probability of $U$ for samples up to $n = m = 8$. At this point the distribution is almost normal. From the recurrence relation explicit expressions for the mean, variance, and fourth moment are obtained. The 2rth moment is shown to have a certain form which enabled us to prove that the limit distribution is normal if $m, n$ go to infinity in any arbitrary manner. The test is shown to be consistent with respect to the class of alternatives $f(x) > g(x)$ for every $x$.

9,469 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: : Given a sequence of independent identically distributed random variables with a common probability density function, the problem of the estimation of a probability density function and of determining the mode of a probability function are discussed. Only estimates which are consistent and asymptotically normal are constructed. (Author)

9,261 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Herbert Robbins1, Sutton Monro1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Let M(x) denote the expected value at level x of the response to a certain experiment. M(x) is assumed to be a monotone function of x but is unknown to the experimenter, and it is desired to find the solution x = θ of the equation M(x) = α, where a is a given constant. We give a method for making successive experiments at levels x1, x2, ··· in such a way that xn will tend to θ in probability.

7,621 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Peter J. Huber1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This paper contains a new approach toward a theory of robust estimation; it treats in detail the asymptotic theory of estimating a location parameter for contaminated normal distributions, and exhibits estimators—intermediaries between sample mean and sample median—that are asymptotically most robust (in a sense to be specified) among all translation invariant estimators. For the general background, see Tukey (1960) (p. 448 ff.)

5,129 citations

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