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JournalISSN: 1359-4311

Applied Thermal Engineering 

About: Applied Thermal Engineering is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Heat transfer & Heat exchanger. It has an ISSN identifier of 1359-4311. Over the lifetime, 17084 publication(s) have been published receiving 468399 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Thermal energy storage in general, and phase change materials (PCMs) in particular, have been a main topic in research for the last 20 years, but although the information is quantitatively enormous, it is also spread widely in the literature, and difficult to find. In this work, a review has been carried out of the history of thermal energy storage with solid–liquid phase change. Three aspects have been the focus of this review: materials, heat transfer and applications. The paper contains listed over 150 materials used in research as PCMs, and about 45 commercially available PCMs. The paper lists over 230 references.

3,637 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Saffa Riffat1, Xiaoli Ma1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Thermoelectric devices are solid state devices. They are reliable energy converters and have no noise or vibration as there are no mechanical moving parts. They have small size and are light in weight. As refrigerators, they are friendly to the environment as CFC gas or any other refrigerant gas is not used. Due to these advantages, the thermoelectric devices have found a large range of applications. In this paper, basic knowledge of the thermoelectric devices and an overview of these applications are given. The prospects of the applications of the thermoelectric devices are also discussed.

1,125 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Subrata Mondal1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Phase change materials (PCM) take advantage of latent heat that can be stored or released from a material over a narrow temperature range. PCM possesses the ability to change their state with a certain temperature range. These materials absorb energy during the heating process as phase change takes place and release energy to the environment in the phase change range during a reverse cooling process. Insulation effect reached by the PCM depends on temperature and time. Recently, the incorporation of PCM in textiles by coating or encapsulation to make thermo-regulated smart textiles has grown interest to the researcher. Therefore, an attempt has been taken to review the working principle of PCM and their applications for smart temperature regulated textiles. Different types of phase change materials are introduced. This is followed by an account of incorporation of PCM in the textile structure are summarized. Concept of thermal comfort, clothing for cold environment, phase change materials and clothing comfort are discussed in this review paper. Some recent applications of PCM incorporated textiles are stated. Finally, the market of PCM in textiles field and some challenges are mentioned in this review paper.

853 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Single Stage Heat Transformer (SSHT) is a device to recovery waste heat by a thermodynamic cycle. In this paper an experimental SSHT prototype was analyzed. This prototype operates with Water/Carrol mixture. Four test runs were carried out in order to evaluate the performance. The heat powers were measured from 0.99 to 1.35 kW for the generator, 0.97–1.33 kW for the condenser, 0.99–1.35 kW for the evaporator and 0.69–0.81 kW for the absorber. Experimental Gross Temperature Lift (GTL) was values from 18.5 to 22.2 °C and the dimensionless Coefficient of Performance (COP) was calculated for those operating conditions from 0.30 to 0.35.

720 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Ahmet Sarı1, Ali Karaipekli1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This study aimed determination of proper amount of paraffin ( n -docosane) absorbed into expanded graphite (EG) to obtain form-stable composite as phase change material (PCM), examination of the influence of EG addition on the thermal conductivity using transient hot-wire method and investigation of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) characteristics of paraffin such as melting time, melting temperature and latent heat capacity using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique. The paraffin/EG composites with the mass fraction of 2%, 4%, 7%, and 10% EG were prepared by absorbing liquid paraffin into the EG. The composite PCM with mass fraction of 10% EG was considered as form-stable allowing no leakage of melted paraffin during the solid–liquid phase change due to capillary and surface tension forces of EG. Thermal conductivity of the pure paraffin and the composite PCMs including 2, 4, 7 and 10 wt% EG were measured as 0.22, 0.40, 0.52, 0.68 and 0.82 W/m K, respectively. Melting time test showed that the increasing thermal conductivity of paraffin noticeably decreased its melting time. Furthermore, DSC analysis indicated that changes in the melting temperatures of the composite PCMs were not considerable, and their latent heat capacities were approximately equivalent to the values calculated based on the mass ratios of the paraffin in the composites. It was concluded that the composite PCM with the mass fraction of 10% EG was the most promising one for LHTES applications due to its form-stable property, direct usability without a need of extra storage container, high thermal conductivity, good melting temperature and satisfying latent heat storage capacity.

700 citations

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