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Showing papers in "Applied Thermal Engineering in 2016"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, four cell-cooling methods: air cooling, direct liquid cooling, indirect liquid cooling and fin cooling, were evaluated using a typical large capacity Li-ion pouch cell designed for EDVs from the perspective of coolant parasitic power consumption, maximum temperature rise, temperature difference in a cell, and additional weight used for the cooling system.

454 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the stagnation nano energy conversion problems have been completed for conjugate mixed convection heat and mass transfer with electrical magneto hydrodynamic (EMHD) and heat source/sink effects nanofluid flow field over a slip boundary stretching sheet surface.

449 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The use of heat pipes can potentially reduce the thermal resistance and pressure losses in the system as well as temperature regulation of the TEGs and increased design flexibility as discussed by the authors, but heat pipes do have limitations such as maximum rates of heat transfer and temperature limits.

360 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of these alternative designs, along with benefits, technical challenges, and costs can be found in this article, with a focus on free-falling, obstructed flow, centrifugal, flow in tubes with or without fluidization, multi-pass recirculation, and face-down configurations.

272 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an experimental investigation on the effects of temperature and concentration of nanoparticles on the dynamic viscosity of SiO 2 -MWCNTs/engine oil (SAE40) hybrid nanofluid is presented.

267 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors studied the thermal effect on physical and mechanical properties of rock, such as mass, density, porosity, P-wave velocity, compressive strength, peak strain, elastic modulus, and acoustic emission of rock.

247 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, thermal behavior in a vertical and horizontal shell-and-tube energy storage system using phase change materials (PCMs) is investigated and compared using a combined conduction and convection heat transfer model.

226 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a novel battery thermal management system (BTMS) based on aluminum minichannel tubes is developed and applied on a single prismatic Li-ion cell under different discharge rates.

207 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of small heat pipes, including their design, analysis, and fabrication, is presented in this article, where the authors also discuss the potential of nano-wicks, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), to represent the future of heat pipes.

205 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a new correlation for predicting viscosity of oil based nanofluids has been introduced, which is based on the bulk temperature, nanoparticle diameter and nanoparticle concentration as input variables.

199 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of factors affecting solar still production (climatic conditions, operations and design parameters) and enhancement techniques (wicks, internal condensers, internal and external reflectors, phase change materials, Stepped solar still and a new method improved the solar still yield by using nanoparticles) has been argued.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a dynamic model of a hybrid photovoltaic/thermal (PVT) collector with a sheet-and-tube thermal absorber is presented to evaluate the annual generation of electrical energy along with the provision of domestic hot-water (DHW) from the thermal energy output, by using real climate data at high temporal resolution.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a survey of chloride-based thermal energy storage for concentrating solar power (CSP) plants is presented, including phase equilibria data and estimates of latent heat of fusion for some eutectics.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the phase change behavior of prepared novel composites of palmitic acid and solid nanoparticles of titanium dioxide (TiO2) for thermal energy storage has been investigated.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a neural network approach is used for the thermal modeling and validation of temperature rise in a prismatic lithium-ion battery with LiFePO 4 (also known as LFP) cathode material.

Journal ArticleDOI
Guiwen Jiang1, Juhua Huang1, Yanshu Fu1, Cao Ming1, Liu Mingchun1 
TL;DR: In this paper, the thermal management performance of CPCM with different mass fractions of Paraffin (RT44HC)/expanded graphite (EG) composite phase change material (CPCM) with enhanced thermal conductivity improves Li-ion batteries.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, numerical simulations are carried out to investigate the influence of geometric parameters on the flow and heat transfer characteristics of rectangular, trapezoidal and triangular shaped microchannel heat sinks.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an experimental investigation on the effects of temperature and nanotubes concentration on the thermal conductivity of MWCNTs/EG-water (40:60 vol.%) nanofluids is presented.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a numerical investigation has been carried out to examine the characteristics of laminar flow and heat transfer in micro-channel heat sink with offset ribs on sidewalls, and five different shapes of offset ribs are designed, including rectangular, backward triangular, isosceles triangular, forward triangular and semicircular.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors compared the heat transfer characteristics of several cooling technologies with potential application in the server electronics industry and concluded that some form of liquid cooling is necessary in high performance computing applications.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of the latest developments regarding the mechanisms that influence the enhancement of heat transfer by using nanofluids is presented in this article, where the authors present many approaches in order to describe the physical behaviour of several nanophotonics under different conditions.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the rheological behavior of engine oil containing various quantities of hybrid nano-additives has been examined and an accurate correlation was proposed to predict the viscosity of the hybrid nanofluids for application in thermal engineering.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a 2D numerical simulation and sensitivity analysis is carried out on turbulent heat transfer and heat exchanger effectiveness enhancement in a double pipe heat exchange with porous media, where the Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer and k-e turbulent models are employed to achieve heat transfer.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a flat plate loop heat pipe (FPLHP) was used as a heat exchanger in the thermal management system of the lithium-ion battery for electric vehicle application.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a parametric study was performed to understand the effects of pressure, temperature, equivalence ratio along with geometric factors such as orifice diameter and spark position on the ignition mechanisms and probability.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors have synthesized CuO nanoparticles using wet chemical method and characterized using UV-Vis, PL, DLS, SEM, TEM and XRD.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of metal foams PPI (number of pores per inch) and porosity on PCM melting rate, heat storage capacity and heat storage density were investigated.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the experimental data of CO 2 adsorption isotherms were modelled using Langmuir and Dubinin-Astakhov (D-A) isotherm models.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a comparison of spray cooling techniques with respect to the media type, operating fluids and flow character, maximal achievable heat flux dissipation and heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop, the Reynolds number, other selected thermal and/or flow parameters is presented.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a multi-field coupling simulation based on Finite Element Method (FEM) is implemented to investigate the performances of the PTC system using Al2O3/synthetic oil nanofluid as heat transfer fluid (HTF) with non-uniform heat flux distributions.