Archives of Business Research
Services for Science and Education
About: Archives of Business Research is an academic journal published by Services for Science and Education. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Business & Population. It has an ISSN identifier of 2054-7404. Over the lifetime, 982 publications have been published receiving 2464 citations. The journal is also known as: ABR.
TL;DR: This paper explored the relationship between country culture and innovation and found that innovative societies are characterized by the following cultural values: individualism, low masculinity, pragmatism, and indulgence.
Abstract: Innovation, the implementation of creative ideas, is not only vital to growth but also to survival as companies and nations must innovate to compete in a rapidly changing global economy. Researchers are just beginning to understand the relationship between country culture and innovation. In a number of studies, cultural dimensions have correlated significantly with measures of innovation and creativity. However, it is difficult to compare findings across studies as multiple frameworks have been used to operationalize culture. Likewise, measures of innovation vary widely across studies. This paper proposes using a new index, the Global Innovation Index (GII), and Hofstede’s cultural dimensions to explore the relationships between country culture and innovation. We begin with definitions and a discussion of innovation and national culture. Then, measures of national culture, innovation, and creativity are critically discussed, and followed by a review of existing research on country culture and innovation. Hypotheses are proposed and tested using Hofstede’s dimensions and the Global Innovation Index. Our results indicate support for four out of the six hypotheses and suggest that innovative societies are characterized by the following cultural values: individualism, low masculinity, pragmatism, and indulgence.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors provide a theoretical framework explaining the relationship between personality types and knowledge hiding behavior, using big five dimensions of personality theory of organization behaviour as it emerged from decades of research and gained distinct prominence.
Abstract: The paper provides a theoretical framework explaining the relationship between personality types and knowledge hiding behavior. In a knowledge based economy, knowledge is the foundation of a firm’s competitive advantage. Capturing, storing, sharing, and using knowledge has gradually become an integral part of most firms’ knowledge management strategy. Extensive knowledge sharing within organizations still appears to be the exception rather than the rule. Hoarding knowledge and looking guardedly at the knowledge offered by others are natural human tendencies (Davenport & Prusak, 1998 ). So far, there have been studies on knowledge sharing but knowledge hiding is the area which is still untapped. Moreover, no study has been done to study the relationship between personality types and knowledge hiding behavior. This study, therefore, attempts to fill that research gap by providing a theoretical framework based on literature review. The study uses big five dimensions of personality theory of organization behaviour as it emerged from decades of research and has gained distinct prominence. Limitations and directions for future research are outlined.
TL;DR: This article investigated how servant leadership influences salespersons' perceived organizational support (POS), outcome performance, turnover intentions, and turnover, and found that servant leadership had a direct influence on POS and performance, but was related only indirectly to both turnover intentions and turnover through POS.
Abstract: The purpose of this study, using a sample of 382 business-to-business salespeople in the United States, was to investigate how servant leadership influences salespersons’ perceived organizational support (POS), outcome performance, turnover intentions, and turnover. The results showed that servant leadership had a direct influence on POS and performance, but was related only indirectly to both turnover intentions and turnover through POS and performance.
TL;DR: In this article, the failure of the government to prioritise rural development threatens to negatively impact the development of growth of rural areas, which has robbed rural areas of skills and innovation and prolonged the cycle of underdevelopment.
Abstract: The failure of the government to prioritise rural development threatens to negatively impact the development of growth of rural areas. Rural-urban migration in South Africa has negatively affected socio-economic development in rural areas. By strictly analysing relevant literature related to rural-urban migration in South Africa, it became evident that rural provinces have been witnessing a huge outflow of people destined for urban areas, predominately to Gauteng and the Western Cape province, this has robbed rural areas of skills and innovation, which has prolonged the cycle of underdevelopment. The influx of people to urban areas has also strained government resources, increased population-growth and increased housing infrastructure challenges. The government has been slow react in addressing the problem and as a result, numerous skilled professionals have left rural areas, crippling service delivery. Frequent cooperation with local leaders and more investment in rural areas are needs to fight rural-urban migration.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors have elaborated the construct of job satisfaction, its measurements, theories and its significance in current organizational issues and pointed out that it is very important issue nowadays when organizations are facing with many types of employee related problems and challenges i.e. organizational performance, organizational commitment, employee turnover, employee productivity etc.
Abstract: Job or work is an important aspect of an individual’s life and it occupies a lot of personal and professional time compared to any other activity. Satisfaction is the pleasure felt after a need is fulfilled. One would suppose a person is satisfied when his or her expectations or desires or requirements have been met. Job satisfaction describes how much extent an individual is pleased, comfortable or satisfied with his or her job. It is a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job or job experiences. In current organisations Job Satisfaction is a crucial subject of attention which is very considered by the higher authorities, policy makers and top executives because this issue is related to many other significant and important issues of organisations. Employees are the core assets and key part of any organisations by which all means of production are handled. As a human being this is human nature that employee are satisfied or dissatisfied what work they are assigned. This is the prime objective of the organizations that they should make and implement such type of policies that can make an employee to satisfy with his/her job which is assigned to them. It is clear from previous studies that how Job Satisfaction is important for any organisations. It is very important issue nowadays when organizations are facing with many types of employee related problems and challenges i.e. organizational performance, organizational commitment, employee turnover, employee productivity etc. Keeping in view the significance and importance of Job Satisfaction in organizations, scholar had endeavored to elaborate the construct of Job Satisfaction, its measurements, theories and its significance in current organizational issues. The research paper is theoretical in nature and subjects have been clarifies with the help of concerned literatures and previous studies regarding this area.