Asian Journal of Political Science
Taylor & Francis
About: Asian Journal of Political Science is an academic journal published by Taylor & Francis. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Politics & Democracy. It has an ISSN identifier of 0218-5377. Over the lifetime, 475 publications have been published receiving 4575 citations. The journal is also known as: AJPS.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the potential benefits of eGovernment in supporting public sector reform and poverty reduction are discussed, and three major, crosscutting challenges are discussed and suggested some directions for further research.
Abstract: Asia‐Pacific governments are only in the initial phases of adopting information and communications technology to improve financial management information and reporting, streamline the delivery of government services, enhance communication with the citizenry, and serve as a catalyst for empowering citizens to interact with the government. This article begins with a brief review of the potential benefits of e‐government in supporting public sector reform and poverty reduction. It then gives some examples of adoption of e‐government in recent years in the Asia‐Pacific region, to see the extent to which these benefits have materialised. It explains why the pace has been slower in the public sector than in the private sector, gives examples of six stages of e‐government, and reviews both the benefits and challenges of each stage. Finally, the article discusses three major, cross‐cutting challenges and suggests some directions for further research.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examine the political economy of asymmetric decentralization in relation to development at the national, regional (inter-local) and local levels, and discuss six Janus-faced consequences of decentralization.
Abstract: With post-Mao China as a case study, this article aims to examine the political economy of asymmetric decentralization in relation to development at the national, regional (inter-local) and local levels. Economically, sub-national governments have been granted greater autonomy with huge decentralized fiscal and administrative powers and competencies. Politically, however, China is still a state under Communist Party domination. Local officials are not elected locally but are assigned by the party. This phenomenon of ‘economic decentralization to the local’ along with ‘political centralization under the party’ is described as ‘asymmetric decentralization’. The mechanism behind asymmetric decentralization is upward accountability—the greater the economic growth, the better chances there are for local leaders to receive political promotions, administrative power and many tangible and intangible perks. The article further discusses six Janus-faced consequences of asymmetric decentralization, which ca...
TL;DR: The lack of political will in fighting corruption is manifested in the lowest per capita expenditure and least favourable staff population ratio of the CBI when compared to those of its counterparts in Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea and Thailand as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: This article analyses the serious problem of corruption in India by examining its causes and the various anti-corruption measures employed by the government from the formation in 1941 of the first anti-corruption agency, the Delhi Special Police Establishment, which was expanded to form the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in April 1963. India's ineffective anti-corruption strategy can be attributed to the lack of political will of its leaders and its unfavourable policy context, which has hindered the enforcement of the anti-corruption laws. The lack of political will in fighting corruption is manifested in the lowest per capita expenditure and least favourable staff-population ratio of the CBI when compared to those of its counterparts in Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea and Thailand. To enhance the CBI's effectiveness, it should be removed from the jurisdiction of the police and be established as an independent agency dedicated solely to curbing corruption. The Constitution of India shou...
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used the results of an elite survey on aid and quality of governance based on Kaufmann et al.'s six dimensions (voice and accountability, political stability, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and control of corruption).
Abstract: The impact of massive aid on development and governance has been studied for a decade with mixed results. Using the results of an elite survey on aid and quality of governance based on Kaufmann et al.'s six dimensions (voice and accountability, political stability, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and control of corruption), this article offers a case-study of Cambodia. The country's challenges in light of high aid dependence and ‘Dutch disease’ in the aid sector are elaborated, and disappointing human development outcomes are examined. Despite more than five billion dollars in aid, infant and child mortality and inequality have worsened. Key informants are overwhelmingly in agreement that, save for political stability, aid has not had a positive impact on governance in Cambodia. The failure on control of corruption shows how hard it is for donors to be tough on a country with extreme poverty. On the basis of what has been accomplished to date, however, aid seems unlikel...
TL;DR: The success of the PAP, the world's longest-governing elected political party, is based on meritocracy, incorruptibility and effective policies as discussed by the authors, which remains a guiding principle of the People's Action Party's non-communist leaders who have governed Singapore since 1959.
Abstract: A meritocracy presumes those with innate and demonstrated talent will be an elite. The implementation of meritocracy remains a guiding principle of the People's Action Party's (PAP) non-communist leaders who have governed Singapore since 1959. This article focuses on meritocracy, elected public officials and the PAP's recruiting to government a cohort from among Singapore's best and brightest. The success of the PAP, the world's longest-governing elected political party, is based on meritocracy, incorruptibility and effective policies. Important to understanding Singapore's meritocracy is political recruitment which has been refined for half a century. Compensation for the high flyers means elected officials and top civil servants are probably the highest paid in the world. The realistic justification is that you can retain outstanding persons. Comprehensive and effective anti-corruption measures combined with high pay means Singapore is one of the most corruption free governments in the world.