About: BJUI is an academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Prostate cancer & Prostatectomy. It has an ISSN identifier of 1464-4096. Over the lifetime, 21623 publications have been published receiving 608157 citations. The journal is also known as: British journal of urology international (Online) & British journal of urology international (Print).
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The prevalence of chronic and debilitating symptoms of the overactive bladder are determined as the presence of chronic frequency, urgency and urge incontinence (either alone or in any combination), and presumed to be caused by involuntary detrusor contractions.
Abstract: Objective To determine the prevalence of chronic and debilitating symptoms of the overactive bladder, defined here as the presence of chronic frequency, urgency and urge incontinence (either alone or in any combination), and presumed to be caused by involuntary detrusor contractions. Subjects and methods Data were collected using a population-based survey (conducted by telephone or direct interview) of men and women aged 40 years, selected from the general population in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom, using a random stratified approach. The main outcome measures were: prevalence of urinary frequency (> 8 micturitions/24 h), urgency and urge incontinence; the proportion of participants who had sought medical advice for symptoms of an overactive bladder; and current or previous therapy received for these symptoms. Results In all, 16 776 interviews were conducted in the six European countries. The overall prevalence of overactive bladder symptoms in individuals aged 40 years was 16.6%. Frequency (85%) was the most commonly reported symptom, followed by urgency (54%) and urge incontinence (36%). The prevalence of overactive bladder symptoms increased with advancing age. Overall, 60% of respondents with symptoms had consulted a doctor but only 27% were currently receiving treatment. Conclusion Symptoms of an overactive bladder, of which frequency and urgency are as bothersome as urge incontinence, are highly prevalent in the general population. However, only a few affected individuals currently receive treatment. Taken together, such findings indicate that there is considerable scope for improvement in terms of how physicians diagnose and treat this condition.
TL;DR: The likely worldwide increase in the prevalence of erectile dysfunction over the next 25 years is projected and some possible health‐policy consequences using the recent developments in the UK as a case study are identified.
Abstract: Objectives To project the likely worldwide increase in the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) over the next 25 years, and to identify and discuss some possible health-policy consequences using the recent developments in the UK as a case study. Methods Using the United Nations projected male population distributions by quinquennial age groups for 2025, the prevalence rates for ED were applied from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study (MMAS) to calculate the likely incidence of ED. The MMAS has the advantage of being the first study to provide population-based rates rather than rates based on clinical samples. All the projections were age-adjusted. Results It is estimated that in 1995 there were over 152 million men worldwide who experienced ED; the projections for 2025 show a prevalence of ≈322 million with ED, an increase of nearly 170 million men. The largest projected increases were in the developing world, i.e. Africa, Asia and South America. Discussion The likely worldwide increase in the prevalence of ED (associated with rapidly ageing populations) combined with newly available and highly publicized medical treatments, will raise challenging policy issues in nearly all countries. Already under-funded national health systems will be confronted with unanticipated resource requests and challenges to existing government funding priorities. The projected trends represent a serious challenge for healthcare policy makers to develop and implement policies to prevent or alleviate ED.
TL;DR: Study Type – Symptom prevalence (prospective cohort) and Cause of Death – Causes of Death and Mortality (Prospective cohort).
Abstract: Study Type – Symptom prevalence (prospective cohort) Level of Evidence 1b What’s known on the subject? and What does the study add? Few prevalence studies used current ICS LUTS symptom definitions and to our knowledge no studies exist that estimate total worldwide prevalence of reported LUTS symptoms One of the primary goals of this analysis was to estimate current and future worldwide prevalence of LUTS among adults Our estimation model suggests that LUTS are highly prevalent worldwide, with an increasing burden predicted over time OBJECTIVE • To estimate and predict worldwide and regional prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), overactive bladder (OAB), urinary incontinence (UI) and LUTS suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction (LUTS/BOO) in 2008, 2013 and 2018 based on current International Continence Society symptom definitions in adults aged ≥20 years PATIENTS AND METHODS • Numbers and prevalence of individuals affected by each condition were calculated with an estimation model using gender- and age-stratified prevalence data from the EPIC study along with gender- and age-stratified worldwide and regional population estimates from the US Census Bureau International Data Base RESULTS • An estimated 452%, 107%, 82% and 215% of the 2008 worldwide population (43 billion) was affected by at least one LUTS, OAB, UI and LUTS/BOO, respectively By 2018, an estimated 23 billion individuals will be affected by at least one LUTS (184% increase), 546 million by OAB (201%), 423 million by UI (216%) and 11 billion by LUTS/BOO (185%) • The regional burden of these conditions is estimated to be greatest in Asia, with numbers of affected individuals expected to increase most in the developing regions of Africa (301–311% increase across conditions, 2008–2018), South America (205–247%) and Asia (197–244%) CONCLUSIONS • This model suggests that LUTS, OAB, UI and LUTS/BOO are highly prevalent conditions worldwide Numbers of affected individuals are projected to increase with time, with the greatest increase in burden anticipated in developing regions • There are important worldwide public-health and clinical management implications to be considered over the next decade to effectively prevent and manage these conditions
TL;DR: To examine the effect overactive bladder (OAB) and other lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on health‐related quality of life (HRQoL) in a population sample, as OAB often occurs in conjunction with many other LUTS.
Abstract: OBJECTIVES To examine the effect overactive bladder (OAB) and other lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a population sample, as OAB often occurs in conjunction with many other LUTS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A nested case-control analysis was performed on men and women with (cases) and without (controls) OAB, from the EPIC study. OAB was assessed using 2002 International Continence Society definitions. Based on their responses to questions about LUTS, cases were classified into five groups; continent OAB, OAB with incontinence, OAB + postmicturition, OAB + voiding, and OAB + postmicturition + voiding. Both cases and controls were asked questions about symptom bother (OAB-q), generic QoL (EQ-5D), work productivity (Work Productivity and Activity Impairment, WPAI), depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), sexual satisfaction, and erectile dysfunction (men only) using the Massachusetts Male Aging Study. Cases answered additional condition-specific questions HRQoL (OAB-q short form), Patient Perception of Bladder Condition and work productivity related to a specific health problem (WPAI-SHP). General linear models were used to evaluate group differences. RESULTS Of the EPIC participants, 1434 identified OAB cases were matched by age, gender and country, with 1434 participants designated as controls. Cases and controls were primarily Caucasian (96.2% and 96.7%, respectively), and most (65%) were female; the mean age was 53.8 and 53.7 years, respectively. Comorbid conditions differed significantly by case/control status, with cases reporting significantly greater rates of chronic constipation, asthma, diabetes, high blood pressure, bladder or prostate cancer, neurological conditions and depression. There were significant differences between the cases and controls in all reported LUTS. The OAB + postmicturition + voiding group reported significantly greater symptom bother, worse HRQoL, higher rates of depression and decreased enjoyment of sexual activity, than the other subgroups. CONCLUSION OAB has a substantial, multidimensional impact on patients; OAB with additional LUTS has a greater impact. The diagnosis and treatment of OAB should be considered in conjunction with other LUTS, to maximize treatment options and optimize patient outcomes.
TL;DR: To determine the prevalence, type and treatment behaviour of women with urinary incontinence in four European countries, a large sample of women aged between 25 and 45 years old was surveyed.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence, type and treatment behaviour of women with urinary incontinence in four European countries. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Data were collected using a postal survey which was sent to 29 500 community-dwelling women aged ≥ 18 years in France, Germany, Spain and the UK. Subjects were asked about the type of urinary incontinence they had experienced and their treatment behaviour. RESULTS Of the women who responded, 35% reported involuntary loss of urine in the preceding 30 days; stress urinary incontinence was the most prevalent type. The lowest prevalence was in Spain (23%), while the prevalence was 44%, 41% and 42% for France, Germany and the UK, respectively. About a quarter of women with urinary incontinence in Spain (24%) and the UK (25%) had consulted a doctor about it; in France (33%) and Germany (40%) the percentages were higher. Overall, < 5% of the women had ever undergone surgery for their condition. While pads were used by half of the women, there were some differences among the countries. CONCLUSIONS Millions of women in Europe have urinary incontinence; the consultation and treatment rates were low in the European countries included in this study.