Bulletin of The Korean Chemical Society
About: Bulletin of The Korean Chemical Society is an academic journal published by Wiley-Blackwell. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Catalysis & Aqueous solution. It has an ISSN identifier of 0253-2964. Over the lifetime, 13529 publications have been published receiving 97400 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the detection of proteins in SDS-PAGE is an important first step for protein analysis, and various experimentalefforts have been directed to develop and improve theprotein detection methods.
Abstract: Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, KoreaReceived August 12, 2002Key Words : Coomasie brilliant blue, 2-Dimensional gel electrophoresis, ProteomicsDetection of proteins in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacryl-amide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) is an important firststep for protein analysis. For years, various experimentalefforts have been directed to develop and improve theprotein detection methods
TL;DR: In this paper, ordered mesoporous silica (MCM-41) materials with different textural properties were prepared using alkyl (dodecyl, cetyl, eicosane) trimethyl ammonium bromide (DTAB) as structure directing surfactants, functionalized with amine groups and used as adsorbent for the toxic metal ions, Cr (VI), As (V), Pb (II) and Hg (II).
Abstract: Ordered mesoporous silica (MCM-41) materials with different textural properties were prepared using alkyl (dodecyl, cetyl, eicosane) trimethyl ammonium bromide (DTAB, CTAB, ETAB, respectively) as structure directing surfactants, functionalized with amine groups and used as adsorbent for the toxic metal ions, Cr (VI), As (V), Pb (II) and Hg (II). Amino functionalization of mesoporous MCM-41 was achieved by co-condensation of N-[3-(trimethoxysilyl)-propyl] aniline with tetraethyl orthosilicate. Adsorption isotherm and adsorption capacity of the amine functionalized materials for Cr (VI), As (V), Pb (II) and Hg (II) ions were followed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Results demonstrate that amine functionalized MCM-41 prepared with ETAB showed higher adsorption capacity for Cr (VI), As (V), Pb (II) and Hg (II) ions in comparison to MCM-41 prepared with CTAB and DTAB. The higher adsorption capacity for MCM-41(ETAB) was correlated with amine content in the material (determined by CHN analysis) and relative decrease in pore volume and pore diameter. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, nitrogen adsorption-desorption measurements and Fourier Transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) were used to follow the changes in the textural parameters and surface properties of the mesoporous materials as a result of amine functionalization to correlate with the adsorption characteristics. The adsorption process was found to depend on the pH of the medium.
TL;DR: In this article, acid treated cassava waste mass was used as an efficient sorbent for the removal of toxic and valuable metals from industrial effluents, and the results from these studies indicated that acid-treated cassava mass could be an efficient carbon dioxide sorbent.
Abstract: that the phytosorption rates could be described better by a pseudo-second order process and the rate coefficients was determined to be 2.04 × 10 −3 min −1 and 1.98 × 10 −3 min −1 for Cu 2+ and Cd 2+ respectively. The results from these studies indicated that acid treated cassava waste bi omass could be an efficient sorbent for the removal of toxic and valuable metals from industrial effluents.
TL;DR: In this paper, the first successful result on the microwave synthesis of porous chromium trimesate as an organic-inorganic hybrid material was reported, which was obtained by using microwave irradiation as a heating source.
Abstract: Recently, the domain of nanoporous materials has been enlarged very much to the development of porous hybrid materials designated as metal-organic frameworks (MOF), porous coordination polymers or organic-inorganic hybrids which are the most recently highlighted class of materials consisting of metal ions linked together by organic bridging ligands in the framework. The attraction of combining properties from both inorganic and organic components has led to a quest of research toward new hybrid materials with potential applications including gas storage, catalysis, separation, and molecular recognition. Very recently, Ferey and co-workers have reported a novel hybrid material, chromium trimesate (designated as MIL-100), which has a hierarchical pore system (micro: 5-9 A; mesoporous: 25-30 A) with a very high Langmuir surface area. Syntheses of the porous hybrid materials have been carried out mainly by hydrothermal or solvothermal synthesis generally in a period of several days. Microwave techniques have attracted growing attention for the rapid synthesis of nanoporous materials requiring several days to prepare under hydrothermal conditions. Potential advantages of this technique in the synthesis of porous materials include phase selectivity, narrow particle size distribution and facile morphology control besides fast crystallization. However, microwave technique has not been applied to the synthesis of nanoporous hybrid materials yet even though the microwave syntheses of not only organic molecules but also inorganic materials have been often studied. In this communication, we report the first successful result on the microwave synthesis of porous chromium trimesate as an organic-inorganic hybrid material. The porous chromium trimesate (MIL-100) was synthesized in aqueous media similar to the previous reported method except using microwave irradiation as a heating source. The molar composition of reactant mixture was 1.0 Cr: 0.67 H3BTC (benzene tricarboxylic acid): 2.0 HF: 290 H2O. The reactant mixture was loaded in a Teflon autoclave, which was sealed and placed in a microwave oven (Mars-5, CEM). The autoclave was heated to the reaction temperature of 220 C and kept for a predetermined time. The structure and crystallinity of the synthesized samples were determined by X-ray powder diffraction. The TGA pattern was obtained with a thermal analyzer in the air flow. The sorption experiments were carried out volumetrically. Figure 1 shows the XRD patterns of as-synthesized chromium trimesate obtained by varying crystallization time at 220 C under microwave irradiation. The XRD patterns of the samples obtained from microwave irradiation are well consistent with the pattern of MIL-100 synthesized for 4 days at 220 C using conventional hydrothermal heating. However, the chromium trimesate materials synthesized using microwave method contained unreacted metallic chromium species until 2 h of crystallization. The crystal yield of the chromium trimesate based on chromium from microwave synthesis for 4 h is 44%, which is comparable with the result of 45% in the conventional synthesis for 4 days. The TGA profile of Figure 2 reveals a stability of the title compound up to 270 C. The thermal stability determined with TGA are very similar to the previous results. The chromium trimesate synthesized by microwave heating shows nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm very similar to the isotherm of MIL-100 (Data not shown), representing the permanent porosity and similarity of the pore structure of the hybrid materials synthesized by both methods. For multiplayer coverage of N2, we estimate the apparent BET surface area and pore volume to be 1700 m/g and 0.97 mL/g, respectively. From H2 adsorption isotherm (Figure 3), the adsorption capacity of hydrogen at –196 C and 1 atm is estimated to be about 150 mL/g (STP), which is comparable with the results adsorbed on various MOFs and porous hybrid materials. The re-adsorption isotherm after the desorption at –196 C of the pre-adsorbed hydrogen is same as the adsorption isotherm on the fresh sample, representing that there is no chemisorption site in the chromium trimesate
TL;DR: In this article, aqueous alkanolamine solutions were studied as absorbents for CO2 capture, and the enthalpies of CO2 absorption in monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), triethanolamines (TEA), and 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP) were investigated.
Abstract: The separation and capture process of carbon dioxide from power plants is garnering interest as a method to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this study, aqueous alkanolamine solutions were studied as absorbents for CO2 capture. The solubility of CO2 in aqueous alkanolamine solutions was investigated with a continuous stirred reactor at 313, 333 and 353 K. Also, the heat of absorption (−ΔHabs) between the absorbent and CO2 molecules was measured with a differential reaction calorimeter (DRC) at 298 K. The solubility and heat of absorption were determined at slightly higher than atmospheric pressure. The enthalpies of CO2 absorption in monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), triethanolamine (TEA), and 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP) were 88.91, 70.44, 44.72, and 63.95, respectively. This investigation showed that the heat of absorption is directly related to the quantity of heat for absorbent regeneration, and is dependent on amine type and CO2 loading.