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Showing papers in "Cataloging & Classification Quarterly in 2013"


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: Key documents leading to the creation of the Library of Congress Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative are examined, along with some of the critical responses they received, to better understand the chain of ideas shaping BIBFRAME.
Abstract: This article provides a representative overview of literature related to the idea of replacing MARC with a linked-data metadata structure, covering the period from 2002 through the 2012 release of the draft of the proposed bibliographic framework, BIBFRAME. Works proposing the replacement of MARC or exploring linked data in a library context are examined. In particular, key documents leading to the creation of the Library of Congress Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative are examined, along with some of the critical responses they received, to better understand the chain of ideas shaping BIBFRAME.

47 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: A conceptual framework for library name authority control is presented, including methods for disambiguating agents that share the same name and for collocating works of agents who use multiple names.
Abstract: This article presents a conceptual framework for library name authority control, including methods for disambiguating agents that share the same name and for collocating works of agents who use multiple names It then discusses the identifier solutions tried or proposed in the library community for name authority control, analyzes the various identity management systems emerging outside of the library community, and envisions future trends in name authority control

21 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The project to build the initial ISNI database by deploying the techniques used to develop the Virtual International Authority File is described, focusing particularly on the work of the OCLC team in transforming the VIAF “resource file” model of matched data into a robust, operational, and authoritative file of uniquely assigned ISNIs.
Abstract: This article describes the project to build the initial International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) database by deploying the techniques used to develop the Virtual International Authority File (VIAF). It focuses particularly on the work of the OCLC team in transforming the VIAF “resource file” model of matched data into a robust, operational, and authoritative file of uniquely assigned ISNIs as a base for an ongoing ISNI assignment system, and on the quality assurance validation of the database provided by the British Library and the Bibliotheque nationale de France. The need for future interaction between ongoing ISNI assignment and name authority control in libraries is also explored.

19 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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Hollie White1
TL;DR: Findings from a study that mapped the relationships between free text keywords and controlled vocabulary terms used in the sciences are mapped and recommendations are made about which vocabularies may be better to use in scientific data repositories.
Abstract: Scientific repositories create a new environment for studying traditional information science issues. The interaction between indexing terms provided by users and controlled vocabularies continues to be an area of debate and study. This article reports and analyzes findings from a study that mapped the relationships between free text keywords and controlled vocabulary terms used in the sciences. Based on this study's findings recommendations are made about which vocabularies may be better to use in scientific data repositories.

18 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This study investigates which elements in bibliographic records are currently most used in a university library catalog, by means of think-aloud sessions conducted by expert and non-expert users, who were assigned sets of typical bibliographical tasks.
Abstract: Resource Description and Access (RDA) stipulates that certain “core” elements should always be included, where applicable, in bibliographic and authority records, due to their importance in supporting the user tasks defined in Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. However, the elements’ relative importance has not been empirically tested. This study investigates which elements in bibliographic records are currently most used in a university library catalog, by means of think-aloud sessions conducted by expert and non-expert users, who were assigned sets of typical bibliographic tasks. The results indicate that, in this context at least, the most utilized elements are not all core.

13 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The various methods of collaboration used by the Library of Congress in the creation of the genre/form thesaurus are examined and evaluated.
Abstract: The Library of Congress (LC) is in the process of developing a separate thesaurus of genre/form terms, which describe what a work or expression is, rather than what it is about. From the beginning, LC policy specialists realized that to accomplish this undertaking, it would be both necessary and desirable to collaborate with the library community. This article examines and evaluates the various methods of collaboration used by LC in the creation of the genre/form thesaurus.

10 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: Curriculum for the three-hour camp included a review of relevant theoretical frameworks and a hands-on exercise creating RDA records, suggesting that students are eager for more practical experience with emerging schema.
Abstract: The implementation of Resource Description and Access (RDA) in 2013 or after will have a powerful impact on the skill set required of new library and information science professionals. This article chronicles the development of an RDA “boot camp” at UNC–Chapel Hill's School of Information and Library Science. Curriculum for the three-hour camp included a review of relevant theoretical frameworks and a hands-on exercise creating RDA records. Findings from a post–boot camp survey point to areas for further growth in cataloging and metadata course development and suggest that students are eager for more practical experience with emerging schema.

9 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program can be used as a model to leverage limited resources across libraries to the benefit of library users nationwide.
Abstract: The Library of Congress’ Cataloging in Publication (CIP) Program has been in existence for forty years. During this time, the CIP Program has moved from a model where the Library of Congress created all pre-publication metadata for publishers to a partnership where other libraries share in the creation of metadata. This article documents the evolution of the Electronic Cataloging in Publication (ECIP) Cataloging Partnership Program. The ECIP Cataloging Partnership Program can be used as a model to leverage limited resources across libraries to the benefit of library users nationwide.

8 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This study applied a rubric to books in the areas of religion, theology, and biblical studies to determine if content-level designation or publisher are good indicators of which books could be fast-tracked through cataloging without compromising quality.
Abstract: Budget pressures and increased workloads are causing cataloging departments to look for ways to capitalize on the resources they have. This study applied a rubric to books in the areas of religion, theology, and biblical studies to determine if content-level designation or publisher are good indicators of which books could be fast-tracked through cataloging without compromising quality. Findings indicated that while neither content-level nor publisher were indicators of materials suited to fast-track cataloging, Bible commentaries had a 97% match rate giving a higher level of confidence to fast-track cataloging of these materials.

8 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigated the level of job satisfaction among cataloger librarians in university libraries in Nigeria and found that 86% of the catalogers surveyed were very or somewhat satisfied with their current job.
Abstract: The aim of the article is to investigate the level of job satisfaction among cataloger librarians in university libraries in Nigeria. Eighty-six catalogers from 29 university libraries in Nigeria participated in the survey. A questionnaire was used for data collection, which was e-mailed to catalogers. Overall, 86% of the catalogers surveyed were very or somewhat satisfied with their current job. The findings revealed that catalogers in university libraries in Nigeria are dissatisfied with dimensions such as roles and responsibilities, workplace culture, rewards (salaries/benefits), and professional development. On the other hand, they are satisfied with administration and supervision, performance evaluation, and opportunities.

7 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: A project to enhance subject access in an online World War I collection by deep linking historical data on the civilian experience in occupied Belgium and France is discussed.
Abstract: Using online primary sources is both rewarding and challenging for users. Improving subject access is essential as these sources become increasingly important in educational curricula. A user needs assessment with humanities users showed improving findability and context for historical subjects were major needs. Linked Data can help by linking related concepts in the sources using specialized vocabularies, enriching them with outside resources, and enabling semantic services that empower users. This article discusses a project to enhance subject access in an online World War I collection by deep linking historical data on the civilian experience in occupied Belgium and France.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: Positive practical results emerged for subject analysis and classification as a result of the online availability of their tools in the university, and there was consistency of teaching methods in the training process at the libraries.
Abstract: This study investigates theory versus practice in cataloging education in Oman. In-depth interviews were conducted for data collection. Important findings of the study indicate big variations in the students’ views on the balance between theory and practice in different cataloging courses. Although the dominant opinions denote a big gap between theoretical and practical aspects of some courses, the practice of others seems sufficient. Positive practical results emerged for subject analysis and classification as a result of the online availability of their tools in the university, and there was consistency of teaching methods in the training process at the libraries.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: A comparison of search results with subsequent material checkouts indicates which metadata elements seem most useful to searchers, and suggests ways libraries might use this knowledge to enhance their users’ search experiences.
Abstract: This study analyzes the relationship between online public access catalog (OPAC) searches entered in a small academic library's catalog and the circulation of items during the same time period. Rather than identifying all searches resulting in a reasonable number of retrievals as successful, searches in this study were determined most useful if items on the results list were subsequently borrowed from the library. This comparison of search results with subsequent material checkouts indicates which metadata elements seem most useful to searchers, and suggests ways libraries might use this knowledge to enhance their users’ search experiences.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: Based on the distinction between model and description in Resource Description and Access, the modeling and description of aggregate and component entities in RDA was examined, revealing which model patterns are applicable to a given type of manifestation.
Abstract: Based on the distinction between model and description in Resource Description and Access (RDA), the modeling and description of aggregate and component entities in RDA was examined. Guidelines and instructions related to such modeling were extracted from RDA and reconciled. After introducing additional assumptions, five possible model patterns of aggregate and component entities were developed. Then, the mapping between these model patterns and the manifestation types was clarified, revealing which model patterns are applicable to a given type of manifestation. Finally, RDA instructions on descriptions for aggregates/components were examined, and it was clarified that they do not have any conflict with the modeling.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The article presents the main stages of a planned project, a properly designed Web application based on a topic map using appropriate visualization that supports indexing and information retrieval in the National Library of Poland.
Abstract: Subject searches in the National Library of Poland catalog are still comprised of a significant number of all searches, but understanding and exploration of the National Library of Poland Subject Headings causes many problems, not only for the end-users, but also for many librarians. Another problem in the National Library of Poland is the insufficient use of relationships between the terms. The solution could be a properly designed Web application based on a topic map using appropriate visualization that supports indexing and information retrieval in the National Library of Poland. The article presents the main stages of a planned project.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: Using cataloging e-mail distribution lists, volunteers were recruited for a project to identify and upgrade bibliographic records for aggregation into a batch that could be easily loaded into catalogs.
Abstract: When the National Academies Press announced that more than 4,000 electronic books would be made freely available for download, many academic libraries expressed interest in obtaining MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) records for them. Using cataloging e-mail distribution lists, volunteers were recruited for a project to identify and upgrade bibliographic records for aggregation into a batch that could be easily loaded into catalogs. Project organization, documentation, quality control measures, and problems are described, as well as processes for adding new titles. The project's implications for future efforts are assessed, as are the numerous challenges for network-level cataloging.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This work decided to look at the FRBR user tasks from the perspective of interactive information retrieval (IIR).
Abstract: FRBR, FRAD, and FRSAD models propose user tasks as a way to address and categorize functions that a catalog should support. The user tasks are not harmonized among these models, but to do that, they should first be fully understood and analyzed, especially “select” and “identify.” We decided to look at the FRBR user tasks from the perspective of interactive information retrieval (IIR). Several IIR models were reviewed and Ellis’ and Belkin's models were chosen for further analysis and interpretation of FRBR “select” and “identify” tasks.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The descriptions of novels written by these four groups are analyzed and it is shown that the story, information about the author, genre, personal experience with reading the novel, and an evaluation are consistently presented and should become standard elements for the subject description of fiction.
Abstract: Publishers present novels with summaries, librarians provide subject headings, classification numbers and annotations, literary theorists write reviews. Readers share opinions and tags in social networks. These groups share interest in the same novel and possibly in the same library catalogs. I analyze the descriptions of novels written by these four groups to propose the enhancement of library catalogs. Results show that the story, information about the author, genre, personal experience with reading the novel, and an evaluation (awards, personal evaluation) are consistently presented by all four groups and should become standard elements for the subject description of fiction.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: Public and academic libraries are facing ever greater challenges to their budgets, directly impacting the work that they do as mentioned in this paper, and the American Library Association reported in the 2012 State of America's...
Abstract: Public and academic libraries are facing ever greater challenges to their budgets, directly impacting the work that they do. The American Library Association reported in the 2012 State of America's...

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This study examines the conceptions and treatment of genre in four sets of modern Anglo-American cataloging rules spanning 171 years and calls for a rigorous and functional definition of genre and an integrated approach to genre in cataloging.
Abstract: This study examines the conceptions and treatment of genre in four sets of modern Anglo-American cataloging rules spanning 171 years. Genre-related rules are first identified through “genre(s),” “form(s),” and “type(s)” keyword searches, and manual examination of the contents, then analyzed by level of treatment genre receives and by user tasks, as defined in the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. While genre is found to be sporadically addressed across the rules, its significance has increased over time. In conclusion, the authors call for a rigorous and functional definition of genre and an integrated approach to genre in cataloging.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The author proposes some features of a new data structure standard named Resource Description Metadata Schema (RDMS), which will bring bibliographic description closer to archival description, and take one step further toward merged descriptive practices for bibliographical and archival materials.
Abstract: The hierarchical relationships among bibliographic entities include whole–part structures and the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) hierarchical relationships among works, expression, manifestations, and items. The traditional MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) format falls short in representing these hierarchical relationships. Based on detailed analyses of these hierarchical relationships and an examination of Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) and Encoded Archival Description (EAD), which are well suited for hierarchical description, the author proposes some features of a new data structure standard named Resource Description Metadata Schema (RDMS). New cataloging practices based on RDMS will bring bibliographic description closer to archival description, and take one step further toward merged descriptive practices for bibliographic and archival materials.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: A look at current developments suggests that high-level international agreement on linked data technology and policy bode well for the future of multilingual subject authorities.
Abstract: Spanish is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world and the various subject heading lists in the language reflect its geographic diversity. Catalogers assigning Spanish subject headings typically must rely on a variety of different sources in different formats. The lcsh-es.org database unites several of these sources in a single search interface to simplify the work of Spanish language subject catalogers and encourage collaboration. A look at current developments suggests that high-level international agreement on linked data technology and policy bode well for the future of multilingual subject authorities.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This work examines user tasks and their related issues in the model that reflects Resource Description and Access directly, which complements prior studies that dealt mainly with entities and their attributes and relationships.
Abstract: I examine user tasks and their related issues in the model that reflects Resource Description and Access (RDA) directly, which complements prior studies that dealt mainly with entities and their attributes and relationships. First, the definitions of user tasks in Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR), Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD), and RDA, respectively, are reviewed. Then, mappings between attributes and relationships of the RDA entities to the user tasks are proposed for the RDA-based model; the mapping covering Group 1 and 2 entities, and that for the other entities. The resultant RDA mappings and those shown in FRBR and FRAD are compared, which reveals the superiority of the former mappings.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: These PCC principles for constructing uniform titles for motion pictures, television, and radio programs have largely been unapplied; and, when they are applied, it is principally by non-PCC institutions.
Abstract: Library of Congress Rule Interpretation (LCRI) 25.5B, Appendix I contains Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) principles for constructing uniform titles for motion pictures, television, and radio programs. Originally designed for PCC libraries in providing uniform title access for these materials, it has also been adopted by non-PCC institutions. Focusing on uniform title access for television programs, this article will show that these PCC principles have largely been unapplied; and, when they are applied, it is principally by non-PCC institutions. The article concludes with a discussion on the future application of these principles for preferred access points in Resource Description and Access (RDA).

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The applicability of Dublin Core Application Profiles (DCAP) and the Singapore Framework for DCAPs to Resource Description and Access (RDA) were assessed.
Abstract: The applicability of Dublin Core Application Profiles (DCAP) and the Singapore Framework for DCAPs to Resource Description and Access (RDA) were assessed. First, a draft RDA application profile is outlined, which reveals their applicability to RDA as a whole. Then, the current situation and issues involved in defining and specifying the RDA vocabularies, description structures, and syntaxes, all of which form the RDA application profile, are reviewed, for four levels of the RDA description structure; that is, the levels of aggregates and components of statements forming an RDA description.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This article analyzes the literature concerning uses of notes in bibliographic records and also certain grammatical conventions used by catalogers to communicate information about the resources they are describing and advocates that cataloging practices involving most general notes and such conventions as bracketing and abbreviations should be discontinued with the widespread use of RDA.
Abstract: This article analyzes the literature concerning uses of notes in bibliographic records and also certain grammatical conventions used by catalogers to communicate information about the resources they are describing. It shows that these types of data do not aid the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) user tasks in the resource discovery process. It also describes how general notes are addressed in Resource Description Access (RDA), and advocates that cataloging practices involving most general notes and such conventions as bracketing and abbreviations should be discontinued with the widespread use of RDA.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The history and role of several electronic distribution lists, each dedicated to notification about a specific issue in error handling for bibliographic and authority records, and other aspects of catalog maintenance are documents.
Abstract: Over the past decade, people working collaboratively have created several electronic distribution lists, each dedicated to notification about a specific issue in error handling for bibliographic and authority records, and other aspects of catalog maintenance. Librarians and others concerned for the accuracy of classification numbers, established headings, and series data can communicate among each other via these lists and related projects. This article documents their history and role in cataloging operations. Subscription information is provided in the Appendix.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: These collections serve as a model for integrating other research projects easily and inexpensively into a repository infrastructure and provide new challenges in harmonizing partner, metadata, and end-user requirements.
Abstract: In 2011, the University of North Texas (UNT) Libraries partnered with researchers in the university's academic departments to describe and provide access to items not traditionally included in the UNT Libraries’ systems. Including more than 1,400 items apiece, the two projects are considered active datasets by their respective users. Each collection provided new challenges in harmonizing partner, metadata, and end-user requirements. This article discusses the projects, workflow for defining requirements, and final implementation in the UNT Digital Library. These collections serve as a model for integrating other research projects easily and inexpensively into a repository infrastructure.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: In this paper, random samples of U.S. public libraries were surveyed in summer 2010 to ascertain their name authority cataloging practices, and the results were compared to previous studies of public and academic libraries.
Abstract: Random samples of U.S. public libraries were surveyed in summer 2010 to ascertain their name authority cataloging practices. Comparisons of authority work processes and types of authority work done were made among public libraries of different sizes. Results were compared to previous studies of public and academic libraries.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The University of New Mexico (UNM) has used the Google Search Appliance (GSA) to provide search for the University's Web content since 2007, but when the GSA license expired, the campus Information Technologies department and the University Libraries took the opportunity to collaborate on a re-launch of the service as a joint project.
Abstract: The University of New Mexico (UNM) has used the Google Search Appliance (GSA) to provide search for the University's Web content. When the GSA license expired, the campus Information Technologies (IT) department and the University Libraries (UL) took the opportunity to collaborate on a re-launch of the service as a joint project. By collaborating closely with IT, the UL personnel gained insight and first-hand information on how to optimize the Libraries’ Web presence. Outcomes were positive, both in the resulting product and in building bridges between the work cultures.