Cement and Concrete Research
About: Cement and Concrete Research is an academic journal published by Elsevier BV. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Cement & Portland cement. It has an ISSN identifier of 0008-8846. Over the lifetime, 8921 publications have been published receiving 627348 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, fracture mechanics is introduced into finite element analysis by means of a model where stresses are assumed to act across a crack as long as it is narrowly opened, which may be regarded as a way of expressing the energy adsorption in the energy balance approach.
Abstract: A method is presented in which fracture mechanics is introduced into finite element analysis by means of a model where stresses are assumed to act across a crack as long as it is narrowly opened. This assumption may be regarded as a way of expressing the energy adsorption GC in the energy balance approach, but it is also in agreement with results of tension tests. As a demonstration the method has been applied to the bending of an unreinforced beam, which has led to an explanation of the difference between bending strength and tensile strength, and of the variation in bending strength with beam depth.
TL;DR: In this article, a new analysis tool was developed to quantify the experimentally observed changes in morphology of portlandite, allowing the calculation of the relative surface energies of the crystal facets.
Abstract: Experimental work has been done to determine changes in the particle shape of portlandite grown in the presence of different ions. To quantify the experimentally observed changes in morphology a new analysis tool was developed, allowing the calculation of the relative surface energies of the crystal facets. The observed morphology in the presence of chlorides and nitrates was facetted particles of a similar shape, the addition of sulfates leads to hexagonal platelet morphology and the addition of silicates leads to the formation of large irregular aggregates. In addition to the experimental work, the surfaces of portlandite were studied with atomistic simulation techniques. The empirical force field used has first been validated. The equilibrium morphology of portlandite in vacuum and in water was then calculated. The results indicate that the presence of water stabilizes the [20.3] surface and changes the morphology. This is consistent with the experimental observation of [20.3] surfaces.
TL;DR: The use of silica-rich SCMs influences the amount and kind of hydrates formed and thus the volume, the porosity and finally the durability of these materials.
Abstract: The use of silica rich SCMs influences the amount and kind of hydrates formed and thus the volume, the porosity and finally the durability of these materials. At the levels of substitution normally used, major changes are the lower Ca/Si ratio in the C–S–H phase and consumption of portlandite. Alumina-rich SCMs increase the Al-uptake in C–S–H and the amounts of aluminate containing hydrates. In general the changes in phase assemblages are well captured by thermodynamic modelling, although better knowledge of the C–S–H is needed. At early ages, “filler” effects lead to an increased reaction of the clinker phases. Reaction of SCMs starts later and is enhanced with pH and temperature. Composition, fineness and the amount of glassy phase play also an important role. Due to the diverse range of SCM used, generic relations between composition, particle size, exposure conditions as temperature or relative humidity become increasingly crucial.
TL;DR: In this paper, the mechanism of activation of fly ash with highly alkaline solutions is described, and the product of the reaction is an amorphous aluminosilicate gel having a structure similar to that of zeolitic precursors.
Abstract: The alkali activation of waste materials (especially those coming from industrial and mining activities) has become an important area of research in many laboratories because it is possible to use these materials to synthesize inexpensive and ecologically sound cementlike construction materials. In the present paper, the mechanism of activation of a fly ash (no other solid material was used) with highly alkaline solutions is described. These solutions, made with NaOH, KOH, water glass, etc., have the common characteristic of having a very high OH 2 concentration. The product of the reaction is an amorphous aluminosilicate gel having a structure similar to that of zeolitic precursors. Temperature and time of curing of specimens together with the solution/fly ash ratio are some of the variables that were studied. These variables have been shown to notably influence the development of the mechanical strength of the final product. Mechanical strengths with values in the 60 MPa range were obtained after curing the fly ash at 85 8 C for only 5 h. © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed an ultra-high strength ductile concrete designated RPC (Reactive Powder Concrete), which was made possible by the application of a certain number of basic principles relating to the composition, mixing and post set heat curing of the concrete.
Abstract: Development of an ultra-high strength ductile concrete designated RPC (Reactive Powder Concrete), was made possible by the application of a certain number of basic principles relating to the composition, mixing and post-set heat curing of the concrete. RPC 200, which can be used under job site conditions similar to those for conventional high performance concretes, can be used in the construction of prestressed structures incorporating no passive reinforcement. RPC800 is suitable for precasting, and can achieve compressive strength values exceeding 600MPa. A value of 810MPa has been obtained with a mixture incorporating steel aggregate.