Chemical Engineering Journal
About: Chemical Engineering Journal is an academic journal published by Elsevier BV. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Materials science & Adsorption. It has an ISSN identifier of 1385-8947. Over the lifetime, 38916 publications have been published receiving 1684202 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a review of the state-of-the-art in isotherm modeling, its fundamental characteristics and mathematical derivations, as well as the key advance of the error functions, its utilization principles together with the comparisons of linearized and nonlinearized isotherms models have been highlighted and discussed.
Abstract: Concern about environmental protection has increased over the years from a global viewpoint. To date, the prevalence of adsorption separation in the environmental chemistry remains an aesthetic attention and consideration abroad the nations, owning to its low initial cost, simplicity of design, ease of operation, insensitivity to toxic substances and complete removal of pollutants even from dilute solutions. With the renaissance of isotherms modeling, there has been a steadily growing interest in this research field. Confirming the assertion, this paper presents a state of art review of adsorption isotherms modeling, its fundamental characteristics and mathematical derivations. Moreover, the key advance of the error functions, its utilization principles together with the comparisons of linearized and non-linearized isotherm models have been highlighted and discussed. Conclusively, the expanding of the nonlinear isotherms represents a potentially viable and powerful tool, leading to the superior improvement in the area of adsorption science.
TL;DR: In this paper, the sorption of two dyes, namely Basic Blue 69 and Acid Blue 25 onto peat has been studied in terms of pseudo-second order and first order mechanisms for chemical sorption as well as an intraparticle diffusion mechanism process.
Abstract: The sorption of two dyes, namely, Basic Blue 69 and Acid Blue 25 onto peat has been studied in terms of pseudo-second order and first order mechanisms for chemical sorption as well as an intraparticle diffusion mechanism process. The batch sorption process, based on the assumption of a pseudo-second order mechanism, has been developed to predict the rate constant of sorption. the equilibrium capacity and initial sorption rate with the effect of agitation, initial dye concentration and temperature. An activation energy of sorption has also been evaluated with the pseudo-second order rate constants. A comparison of the equilibrium sorption capacity evaluated has been made from pseudo-second order model and Langmuir isotherm.
TL;DR: Sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have received increasing attention in recent years due to their high capability and adaptability for the degradation of emerging contaminants as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been received increasing attention in recent years due to their high capability and adaptability for the degradation of emerging contaminants. Persulfate (PS, S2O82−) and peroxymonosulfate (PMS, HSO5−) can be activated by thermal, alkaline, ultraviolet light, activated carbon, transition metal (such as Fe0, Fe2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ag+), ultrasound and hydrogen peroxide to form sulfate radical (SO4 −), which is strong oxidant and capable of effectively degrading emerging pollutants. Sulfate radical-based AOPs have a series of advantages in comparison with OH-based methods, for example: higher oxidation potential, higher selectivity and efficiency to oxidize pollutants containing unsaturated bonds or aromatic ring, wider pH range. Therefore, sulfate radicals are capable of removing the emerging contaminants more efficiently. In this review paper, various methods for the activation of PS and PMS were introduced, including, thermal, alkaline, radiation, transition metal ions and metal oxide, carbonaceous-based materials activation and so on; and their possible activation mechanisms were discussed. In addition, the application of activated PS and PMS for the degradation of emerging contaminants and the influencing factors were summarized. Finally, the concluding remarks and perspectives are made for future study on the activation of PS and PMS. This review can provide an overview for the activation and application of PS and PMS for the degradation of emerging contaminants, as well as for the deep understanding of the activation mechanisms of PS and PMS by various methods.
TL;DR: A review of the recent development of natural zeolites as adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment can be found in this paper, where the properties and modification of natural zerosite are discussed and the modified zerosites achieving higher adsorption capacity for organics and anions.
Abstract: Natural zeolites are abundant and low cost resources, which are crystalline hydrated aluminosilicates with a framework structure containing pores occupied by water, alkali and alkaline earth cations Due to their high cation-exchange ability as well as to the molecular sieve properties, natural zeolites have been widely used as adsorbents in separation and purification processes in the past decades In this paper, we review the recent development of natural zeolites as adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment The properties and modification of natural zeolite are discussed Various natural zeolites around the world have shown varying ion-exchange capacity for cations such as ammonium and heavy metal ions Some zeolites also show adsorption of anions and organics from aqueous solution Modification of natural zeolites can be done in several methods such as acid treatment, ion exchange, and surfactant functionalisation, making the modified zeolites achieving higher adsorption capacity for organics and anions
TL;DR: In this article, a review of thermal conversion processes and particularly the reactors that have been developed to provide the necessary conditions to optimise performance is presented, and the main technical and non-technical barriers to implementation are identified.
Abstract: Bio-energy is now accepted as having the potential to provide the major part of the projected renewable energy provisions of the future. There are three main routes to providing these bio-fuels—biological conversion, physical conversion and thermal conversion—all of which employ a range of chemical reactors configurations and designs. This review concentrates on thermal conversion processes and particularly the reactors that have been developed to provide the necessary conditions to optimise performance. A number of primary and secondary products can be derived as gas, liquid and solid fuels and electricity as well as a considerable number of chemicals. The basic conversion processes are summarised with their products and the main technical and non-technical barriers to implementation are identified.