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JournalISSN: 0010-2180

Combustion and Flame 

About: Combustion and Flame is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Combustion & Premixed flame. It has an ISSN identifier of 0010-2180. Over the lifetime, 10665 publication(s) have been published receiving 435433 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of n-heptane in flow reactors, shock tubes, and rapid compression machines. Over the series of experiments numerically investigated, the initial pressure ranged from 1–42 atm, the temperature from 550–1700 K, the equivalence ratio from 0.3–1.5, and nitrogen-argon dilution from 70–99%. The combination of ignition delay time and species composition data provide for a stringent test of the chemical kinetic mechanism. The reactions are classed into various types, and the reaction rate constants are given together with an explanation of how the rate constants were obtained. Experimental results from the literature of ignition behind reflected shock waves and in a rapid compression machine were used to develop and validate the reaction mechanism at both low and high temperatures. Additionally, species composition data from a variable pressure flow reactor and a jet-stirred reactor were used to help complement and refine the low-temperature portions of the reaction mechanism. A sensitivity analysis was performed for each of the combustion environments. This analysis showed that the low-temperature chemistry is very sensitive to the formation of stable olefin species from hydroperoxy-alkyl radicals and to the chain-branching steps involving ketohydroperoxide molecules.

1,739 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Ulrich Maas1, Stephen B. Pope2Institutions (2)
Abstract: A general procedure for simplifying chemical kinetics is developed, based on the dynamical systems approach. In contrast to conventional reduced mechanisms no information is required concerning which reactions are to be assumed to be in partial equilibrium nor which species are assumed to be in steady state. The only “inputs” to the procedure are the detailed kinetics mechanism and the number of degrees of freedom required in the simplified scheme. (Four degrees of freedom corresponds to a four-step mechanism, etc.) The state properties given by the simplified scheme are automatically determined as functions of the coordinates associated with the degrees of freedom. Results are presented for the CO/H2/air system. These show that the method provides accurate results even in regimes (e.g., at low temperatures) where conventional mechanisms fail.

1,420 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed and used to study the oxidation of iso-octane in a jet-stirred reactor, flow reactors, shock tubes and in a motored engine. Over the series of experiments investigated, the initial pressure ranged from 1 to 45 atm, the temperature from 550 K to 1700 K, the equivalence ratio from 0.3 to 1.5, with nitrogen-argon dilution from 70% to 99%. This range of physical conditions, together with the measurements of ignition delay time and concentrations, provide a broad-ranging test of the chemical kinetic mechanism. This mechanism was based on our previous modeling of alkane combustion and, in particular, on our study of the oxidation of n-heptane. Experimental results of ignition behind reflected shock waves were used to develop and validate the predictive capability of the reaction mechanism at both low and high temperatures. Moreover, species’ concentrations from flow reactors and a jet-stirred reactor were used to help complement and refine the low and intermediate temperature portions of the reaction mechanism, leading to good predictions of intermediate products in most cases. In addition, a sensitivity analysis was performed for each of the combustion environments in an attempt to identify the most important reactions under the relevant conditions of study. © 2002 by The Combustion Institute

1,204 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Hai Wang1, Michael Frenklach2Institutions (2)
Abstract: A computational study was performed for the formation and growth of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in laminar premixed acetylene and ethylene flames. A new detailed reaction mechanism describing fuel pyrolysis and oxidation, benzene formation, and PAH mass growth and oxidation is presented and critically tested. It is shown that the reaction model predicts reasonably well the concentration profiles of major and intermediate species and aromatic molecules in a number of acetylene and ethylene flames reported in the literature. It is demonstrated that reactions of n-C4Hx + C2H2 leading to the formation of one-ring aromatics are as important as the propargyl recombination, and hence must be included in kinetic modeling of PAH formation in hydrocarbon flames. It is further demonstrated that the mass growth of PAHs can be accounted for by the previously proposed H-abstraction-C2H2-addiction mechanism.

1,032 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A simple method of calculating the elemental stoichiometric coefficient, φe has been developed, which can easily be applied to multicomponent fuel-oxidizer compositions. The method correctly predicts whether a mixture is fuel lean, fuel rich, or stoichiometrically balanced. The total composition of oxidizing (or reducing) elements of the mixture appears to be related to the thermochemistry of the system. For the reaction of ammonium perchlorate and an organic fuel the heat of reaction varies linearly with the total composition of oxidizing elements. The physical significance of such a correlation based on thermochemical reasoning is highlighted in the paper.

1,005 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
202280
2021584
2020471
2019447
2018462
2017351