Criminal Justice Review
About: Criminal Justice Review is an academic journal published by SAGE Publishing. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Criminal justice & Poison control. It has an ISSN identifier of 0734-0168. Over the lifetime, 1191 publications have been published receiving 16033 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors applied the procedures of meta-analysis to 34 aggregate data studies reporting on violent crime, poverty, and income inequality, finding that nearly 80 percent of the positive coefficients were of at least moderate strength.
Abstract: In the late 1970s and early 1980s, several important reviews of the literature failed to establish a clear consensus on the relationship between economic conditions and violent crime. The research presented here applies the procedures of meta-analysis to 34 aggregate data studies reporting on violent crime, poverty, and income inequality. These studies reported a total of 76 zero-order correlation coefficients for all measures of violent crime with either poverty or income inequality. Of the 76 coefficients, all but 2, or 97 percent, were positive. Of the positive coefficients, nearly 80 percent were of at least moderate strength (>.25). It is concluded that poverty and income inequality are each associated with violent crime. The analysis, however, shows considerable variation in the estimated size of the relationships and suggests that homicide and assault may be more closely associated with poverty or income inequality than are rape and robbery.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors surveyed correctional staff at a maximum security private prison to examine the impact of the work environment, personal characteristics, external employment opportunities, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment on turnover intent.
Abstract: Employee turnover can have devastating effects on correctional facilities. Excessive turnover wastes recruiting and training dollars. In addition, high turnover rates may also directly affect the security of the institution as well as the safety of both staff and inmates. Thus this study surveyed correctional staff at a maximum security private prison to examine the impact of the work environment, personal characteristics, external employment opportunities, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment on turnover intent. The results of the multivariate ordinary least squares regression equations generally supported the proposed path model, and indicated age, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment directly influence turnover intent, whereas gender, job satisfaction, role conflict, role ambiguity, role overload, input into decision making, and organizational fairness indirectly affected employees' decisions to leave the job.
TL;DR: Wilson as discussed by the authors discusses objective and subjective reasons for the rise in the crime rate in the late 1960's and early 1970's and presents a symptomatic approach to dealing with this crime rate.
Abstract: The problem of crime in America has become a preoccupation of urban residents. James Q. Wilson discusses some objective and subjective reasons for the rise in the crime rate in the late 1960's and early 1970's and presents a symptomatic approach to dealing with this crime rate.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined the effect of anti-bullying programs on at-risk youth in a meta-analysis, and found that anti bullying programs produce little discernible effect on youth participants.
Abstract: Youth violence, including bullying and other serious violent behaviors, has received increased political and scientific attention over the past several decades. Although violent behavior among youth and in the schools has declined over the past decade, the victimization of children by other children in school settings remains a major issue of concern. In response, a number of prevention and intervention programs have been developed to reduce the incidence of bullying and violence in schools. This meta-analysis attempted to examine the effect of school-based anti-bullying programs. Results suggested a significant effect for anti-bullying programs (r = .12). However, this result seemed to be slightly influenced by publication bias and did not meet the adopted threshold for “practical significance.” The effect for programs targeted specifically at at-risk youth was slightly better, but overall, anti-bullying programs produce little discernible effect on youth participants. Reasons that anti-bullying programs...
TL;DR: For example, the authors found that job stress has an inverse relationship with job satisfaction, and job satisfaction had a powerful positive association with organizational commitment, while job stress had a negative relationship with commitment.
Abstract: As staff performance is vital to the survival of correctional institutions, much empirical attention has been paid to studying the causes and consequences of their attitudes and behaviors. The current study adds to this body of knowledge by examining the factors that explain three central occupational attitudes—job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. More specifically, using survey data collected from a large county correctional system in Orlando, Florida, this research assesses the impact of key demographic, job, and organizational characteristics within and across jail staff attitudes toward job stress, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. This article finds that the more powerful predictors of each of these attitudes are job and organizational characteristics. Among the dependent variables, job stress has an inverse relationship with job satisfaction, and job satisfaction had a powerful positive association with organizational commitment.