Criminology & Criminal Justice
About: Criminology & Criminal Justice is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Poison control & Criminal justice. It has an ISSN identifier of 1748-8958. Over the lifetime, 646 publication(s) have been published receiving 13121 citation(s).
Topics: Poison control, Criminal justice, Prison, Economic Justice, Imprisonment
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, it is argued that a different but equally relevant form of empirical evidence, derived from desistance studies, suggests a need to re-evaluate these earlier paradigms for probation practice.
Abstract: In an influential article published in the British Journal of Social Work in 1979, Anthony Bottoms and Bill McWilliams proposed the adoption of a ‘non-treatment paradigm’ for probation practice. Their argument rested on a careful and considered analysis not only of empirical evidence about the ineffectiveness of rehabilitative treatment but also of theoretical, moral and philosophical questions about such interventions. By 1994, emerging evidence about the potential effectiveness of some intervention programmes was sufficient to lead Peter Raynor and Maurice Vanstone to suggest significant revisions to the ‘non-treatment paradigm’. In this article, it is argued that a different but equally relevant form of empirical evidence—that derived from desistance studies—suggests a need to re-evaluate these earlier paradigms for probation practice. This reevaluation is also required by the way that such studies enable us to understand and theorize both desistance itself and the role that penal professionals might p...
TL;DR: It is argued that while Silk Road presents a less violent alternative to conventional drug distribution networks, the risks posed by the rapid proliferation of cryptomarkets more generally are largely unknown and require further research.
Abstract: The illicit drugs website, Silk Road, presents an ideal case study for how online communication technologies are transforming crime. This article seeks to locate the offences committed via Silk Roa...
TL;DR: The authors found that children of prisoners are at risk for a range of adverse outcomes throughout their lives and that there is almost no information about how many children prisoners' children were at risk.
Abstract: Recent research suggests that children of prisoners are at risk for a range of adverse outcomes throughout their lives. However, there is almost no information about how many children prisoners hav...
TL;DR: Based on findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, the authors challenges the evidence base which policy-makers have drawn on to justify the evolving models of youth transition and crime.
Abstract: Based on findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime, this article challenges the evidence-base which policy-makers have drawn on to justify the evolving models of youth justic...
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors consider current developments in the'resettlement' of prisoners in the light of recent theory and research on factors promoting desistance from crime, and argue that these are unlikely to reduce re-offending significantly without greater attention to individual offenders' mental processes and levels of selfmotivation, which are identified by the desistance literature.
Abstract: The article considers current developments in the 'resettlement' of prisoners in the light of recent theory and research on factors promoting desistance from crime. While recognizing improvements promised by the Reducing Re-offending National Action Plan and the concept of 'end-to-end' offender management, it is argued that these are unlikely to reduce re-offending significantly without greater attention to individual offenders' mental processes and levels of selfmotivation, which are identified by the desistance literature (as well as much of the 'what works' literature) as critical factors in personal change. An account is given of a promising approach adopted in the 'Resettlement Pathfinders', where a cognitive-motivational programme was combined with practical services, with encouraging early results. However, concerns are expressed that even the most innovative approaches may be undermined by features of the broader context within which correctional services are delivered, including an excessive emphasis on enforcement (which makes no allowance for the 'zigzag' nature of desistance) and the potentially negative impact of 'contestability' on relational continuity.
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