Springer Science+Business Media
About: Demography is an academic journal published by Springer Science+Business Media. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Population & Fertility. It has an ISSN identifier of 0070-3370. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 3233 publications have been published receiving 220097 citations. The journal is also known as: population research.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, a method for estimating the effect of household economic status on educational outcomes without direct survey information on income or expenditures is proposed and defended, which uses an index based on household asset ownership indicators.
Abstract: This paper has an empirical and overtly methodological goal. The authors propose and defend a method for estimating the effect of household economic status on educational outcomes without direct survey information on income or expenditures. They construct an index based on indicators of household assets, solving the vexing problem of choosing the appropriate weights by allowing them to be determined by the statistical procedure of principal components. While the data for India cannot be used to compare alternative approaches they use data from Indonesia, Nepal, and Pakistan which have both expenditures and asset variables for the same households. With these data the authors show that not only is there a correspondence between a classification of households based on the asset index and consumption expenditures but also that the evidence is consistent with the asset index being a better proxy for predicting enrollments--apparently less subject to measurement error for this purpose--than consumption expenditures. The relationship between household wealth and educational enrollment of children can be estimated without expenditure data. A method for doing so - which uses an index based on household asset ownership indicators- is proposed and defended in this paper. In India, children from the wealthiest households are over 30 percentage points more likely to be in school than those from the poorest households.
TL;DR: The concept of migracion abarca una serie de fadores sobre lugar de origen and de destino, obstaculos intervinientes and caracteristicas personales as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: El concepto de migracion abarca una serie de fadores sobre lugar de origen y de destino, obstaculos intervinientes y caracteristicas personales. Este simple marco de trabajo es empleado con el fin de formular una serie de hipotesis acerca del volumen de la migracion bajo diversas condiciones, el desarrollo de corrientes y contracorrientes migratorias y las caracteristicas de los migrantes. Siempre que ha sido posible, las hipotesis se presentan en forma tal que puedan comprobarse con datos anexos. Para otras hipotesis los datos no son disponibles actualmente; otras pueden requerir reestructuracion en terminos de datos disponibles. Las variaciones en el volumen de migracion estan relacionadas con la diversidad de las regiones y la poblacion que la habita, con el grado de dificultad de los obstaculos intervinientes y con las fiuctuaciones de la economia. La relacion entre corrientes y contracorrientes migratorias es analizada en base a la similaridad o discimilaridad de origen y destino, al tipo de obstaculos intervinientes y a las condiciones economicas. La migracion es considerada selectiva y el grado de selectividad depende de un numero de factores los cuales a menudo dan como resultado una seleccion bimodal.
TL;DR: Calculations based on Swedish mortality data suggest that standard methods overestimate current life expectancy and potential gains in life expectancy from health and safety interventions, while underestimating rates of individual aging, past progress in reducing mortality, and mortality differentials between pairs of populations.
Abstract: Life table methods are developed for populations whose members differ in their endowment for longevity. Unlike standard methods, which ignore such heterogeneity, these methods use different calculations to construct cohort, period, and individual life tables. The results imply that standard methods overestimate current life expectancy and potential gains in life expectancy from health and safety interventions, while underestimating rates of individual aging, past progress in reducing mortality, and mortality differentials between pairs of populations. Calculations based on Swedish mortality data suggest that these errors may be important, especially in old age.
TL;DR: It is argued that the trends associated with the second demographic transition are following two trajectories and leading to greater disparities in children’s resources and that the government can do more to close the gap between rich and poor children.
Abstract: In this article, I argue that the trends associated with the second demographic transition are following two trajectories and leading to greater disparities in children’s resources. Whereas children who were born to the most-educated women are gaining resources, in terms of parents’ time and money, those who were born to the least-educated women are losing resources. The forces behind these changes include feminism, new birth control technologies, changes in labor market opportunities, and welfare-state policies. I contend that Americans should be concerned about the growing disparity in parental resources and that the government can do more to close the gap between rich and poor children.