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Showing papers in "Discourse & Society in 2007"


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigate the organization of embodied participation frameworks, stance and affect using as data a sequence in which a father is helping his daughter do homework, through the way in which they position their bodies toward both each other and the homework sheet that is the focus of their work the two contest the interactive and cognitive organization of the activity they are pursuing together.
Abstract: The organization of embodied participation frameworks, stance and affect is investigated using as data a sequence in which a father is helping his daughter do homework. Through the way in which they position their bodies toward both each other and the homework sheet that is the focus of their work the two contest the interactive and cognitive organization of the activity they are pursuing together. The father insisted that their work be organized in a way that would allow him to demonstrate the practices required to solve her problems. However the daughter refused to rearrange her body to organize the participation framework that would make this possible, and demanded instead that Father tell her the answers. When the daughter consistently refused to cooperate Father eventually walked out, but returned later, and they constructed a very different affective and cognitive alignment. Such phenomena shed light on range of different kinds of epistemic, moral and affective stances that are central to both the o...

671 citations


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Lynne Cameron1
TL;DR: This paper investigated emergent patterns of metaphor in reconciliation talk between an IRA bomber and a victim, recorded over two and a half years, revealing how micro-level negotiation of metaphors contributes to emergent macro-level metaphor systems.
Abstract: In a violent world, reconciliation between perpetrators and victims offers an alternative to revenge or retaliation. In such discourse, participants must make extended efforts to explain themselves to, and to understand, the Other. This article investigates emergent patterns of metaphor in reconciliation talk between an IRA bomber and victim, recorded over two and a half years. The analysis starts from identification of linguistic metaphors and works recursively between levels of discourse, revealing how micro-level negotiation of metaphors contributes to emergent macro-level metaphor systems. Metaphors frame the reconciliation process as A JOURNEY, as CONNECTION, as CHANGING A DISTORTED IMAGE and as LISTENING TO THE OTHER'S STORY. The metaphors vary in their lexicogrammatical patterns and in the degree to which they are extended and developed. Contrasting metaphors are shown to be particularly valuable, as is ‘symbolic literalization’ in which the use of words across metaphor, metonymy and the literal cr...

214 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The proliferation of the subtle and slippery nature of the new racism has made it increasingly difficult to define racism and to develop an effective anti-racist rhetoric with which to challenge it.
Abstract: The proliferation of the subtle and slippery nature of the new racism has made it increasingly difficult to define racism and to develop an effective anti-racist rhetoric with which to challenge it...

182 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This article examined the location, design and uptake of reported racial insults and abuse across two interactional sites: telephone calls to UK neighbourhood mediation centres and police interviews with suspects in neighbourhood crimes, and found systematic, oriented-to practices for constructing and reporting racial insults, involving pairing national or ethnic identity categories with another word (for example, 'Paki bastard', 'gypsy twat', 'bitch Somali').
Abstract: We examine the location, design and uptake of reported racial insults and abuse across two interactional sites: telephone calls to UK neighbourhood mediation centres and police interviews with suspects in neighbourhood crimes. In the mediation data, talk about ethnicity and racism was formulated almost exclusively in 'reported speech', as a listed complain- able item about neighbours rather than as the reason for the dispute. In the police data, suspects reported racial insults as counter-complaints against other parties, and police officers quoted insults reported in witness testimony as part of their interrogation. We found systematic, oriented-to practices for constructing and reporting racial insults, involving pairing national or ethnic identity categories with another word (for example, 'Paki bastard', 'gypsy twat', 'bitch Somali'). Although speakers often 'edited' insults ('nigger this', 'white that'), they nevertheless maintained two-word formulations, indexing the swear-word and stating just the ethnic or national category. Speakers further oriented to the 'two-wordedness' of racial insults in their carefully managed use of one-word formulations. Insults regularly contained locative phrases (for example, 'fuck off back to your own country') and generalizing devices (for example, 'and stuff '). Finally, we found a continuum of response types, from explicit second assessments done in ordinary talk, to minimal but aligned acknowledgements in mediation calls, to no affiliative response in police interviews. We discuss the implications of our findings for understanding the impact and relevance of racism in everyday life, as well as providing insights into the sorts of daily conflicts that occur between neighbours, as these are recounted in two institutional settings.

135 citations


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TL;DR: The crucial historical moment represented by post 9/11 may undoubtedly be considered responsible for the subsequent hardening of American political rhetoric as mentioned in this paper. And yet, the sudden increase of consens...
Abstract: The crucial historical moment represented by post 9/11 may undoubtedly be considered responsible for the subsequent hardening of American political rhetoric. And yet, the sudden increase of consens...

114 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The authors examine the ensemble of conversational practices a particular family makes use of to cultivate active and joyful engagement in imaginative inquiry about the world, during mundane, largely unstructured activity.
Abstract: This article examines the ensemble of conversational practices a particular family makes use of to cultivate active and joyful engagement in imaginative inquiry about the world, during mundane, largely unstructured activity. Parents provide opportunities for children to query new words, idioms, and concepts, and invite them to do so, though they do not impose explanations on children. Explanations are ‘recipient-designed’ in terms of age appropriateness, and may involve dramatic animations through use of the current scene as a local metric. Unpacking meanings of words and concepts can involve the playful exploration of possible rather than literal meanings as well. Participants choose to hear (and restructure) words in particular ways so that they can be seized as opportunities for launching play on sound structure. Involvement in the talk of the moment entails practices such as collaborative production of utterances, format tying, and sound play.

99 citations


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TL;DR: In this article, the authors show that parents view extracurricular sports activities as an arena for socializing their children to important values and skills that go beyond the benefits of participation in athletic activities.
Abstract: In the United States, children are encouraged to enroll in sports activities. Studies show that these activities are positively associated with reduced delinquent behavior and increased academic and social performance. Research using parents' reports in interviews and surveys shows that parents view extracurricular sports activities as an arena for socializing their children to important values and skills that go beyond the benefits of participation in athletic activities. Through analysis of parent–child interaction using video data of naturalistic family interaction during formal participation in organized sports (e.g. Little League), informal participation (e.g. backyard pick-up games), and passive participation in sports (e.g. watching televised athletic events), this article reveals that parents play an active role in this socialization process. This article underscores the important function that sports have in family daily life as a socializing tool for culturally cherished skills and values.

99 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This article examined the institutional and personal discourses of the competency-based interview and how their synthesis produced an ''authentic self'' and found that the interview's requirement for the synthesis of work-based and personal identities is particularly disadvantaging to foreign-born minority ethnic candidates.
Abstract: This article, based on a unique data set of video-recorded job interviews, examines the institutional and personal discourses of the competency-based interview and how their synthesis produces an `authentic self '. The interview's requirement for the synthesis of work-based and personal identities is particularly disadvantaging to foreign-born minority ethnic candidates. Foreign-born candidates often lack access to British `job interview English' because of unemployment, marginalization in ethnic work units and the dominant culture's `othering' of their identity. Examples of candidates producing a convincing synthetic persona are contrasted with unsuccessful candidates whose `lack' of synthesization marks them as having a hybrid identity. They are judged by interviewers as `inconsistent', `untrustworthy' and non-belongers to the organization. Because there is little relationship between the required discursive skill of interviewees and the actual demands of the job, the interview ritual is as much about c...

88 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The authors examined whether or not the meaning of risk is stable and consistent across a variety of social contexts to test the commonplace view that risk is at times manipulated in ideological ways, and suggested ways of reconsidering claims about the meaning(s) of risk.
Abstract: In the past, some confusing claims about the meaning of ‘risk’ have been made in the sociology of risk literature. In this article we present and discuss some empirical data from linguistic corpora that elucidate what risk means in ordinary language. This might provide social scientists with a firmer ground on which to base future statements pertaining to the meaning of risk. After a discussion of the problem, we analyse the word ‘risk’, as both noun and verb, with recourse to three corpora containing over a hundred million contemporary English words. We examine whether or not the meaning of ‘risk’ is stable and consistent across a variety of social contexts to test the commonplace view that ‘risk’ is at times manipulated in ideological ways. Data from the corpora, and the methods of corpus linguistics, therefore suggest ways of reconsidering claims about the meaning(s) of ‘risk’.

84 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: By analyzing naming strategies and conceptual metaphors for SARS in three major broadsheet newspapers, The Liberty Times and The United Daily News in Taiwan, and The People's Daily in China, this article
Abstract: By analyzing naming strategies and conceptual metaphors for SARS in three major broadsheet newspapers, The Liberty Times and The United Daily News in Taiwan, and The People's Daily in China, this a...

77 citations


Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This paper examined the socialization practices and parenting strategies that foster familial and cultural values such as autonomy, interdependence and responsibility in everyday hygiene and household cleaning tasks, and found that particular practices may lead to the construction or limitation of children's agency.
Abstract: Focusing on everyday hygiene and household cleaning tasks, this study examines the socialization practices and parenting strategies that foster familial and cultural values such as autonomy, interdependence and responsibility. Through the micro-analysis of videotaped family interaction in Los Angeles and Rome, this article looks at actual practices and activity trajectories to reveal the ways in which families organize themselves, attach values to different aspects of activities, and build diverse perspectives on authoritativeness. The comparative analysis points to differences across cultures, families and activities in the style and amount of parental control over cleaning tasks, and the number of options given to children in the process and sequence of tasks. Examinations of diverse parenting and conversational strategies reveal how particular practices may lead to the construction or limitation of children's agency.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: This article explored how young black women negotiate stereotypical and hegemonic representations of black men and women as sexual savages in mass media, especially as they appear in rap music videos, and demonstrated the complex language, literacy, and knowledge-making capacity of young women who participate in hip hop youth culture, to inform the approaches to the resolution of these complex issues by concerned educators, community activists, and policy makers.
Abstract: This study explores some ways young black women negotiate stereotypical and hegemonic representations of black men and women as sexual savages in mass media, especially as they appear in rap music videos. The objective of the article is to examine how young black women make meaning of these images, in short, how they read rap texts in relation to their experiences of the world as black women. The article aims to: (1) add to the extant research literature on black discourse practices and African American female literacies; (2) demonstrate the complex language, literacy and knowledge-making capacity that exists among young black women who participate in hip hop youth culture, to inform the approaches to the resolution of these complex issues by concerned educators, community activists, and policy makers. I begin by briefly outlining relevant literature in black gender and race studies, and studies of discourse and literacy that will serve my analysis of the young women's discourse practices.

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors provide five accounts of children's immersion experiences in daily interactions with parents, which are imbued with moral expectations an ings and which apprentice children into moral life-worlds.
Abstract: A universal function of the family is to raise children to think and feel that resonate with notions of morality that relate to social situations, sp to expected and preferred modes of participation in these situations. As notes, ‘[N]one of the moral virtues arises in us by nature . . . [R]athe adapted by nature to receive them, and are made perfect by habit’ (Aristo [4th century BCE]: 26). That is, children are born with a capacity for a knowledge and morality, but the flourishing of these qualities relies upon experiences with intimates. The prime intimate social unit is the famil members ideally provide secure environments that promote an openness about how one should treat other people, build social relationships, ena identities, and at the same time how one should apprehend and creative figure objects in the world. This is a tall order for families, and yet across the world’s societies, rarel ily members reflect upon and strategize about how to raise a moral, sent knowledgeable child beyond selection of and reliance upon children’s religious organizations, and other institutions outside the family. Yet, as th collected in this volume indicate, morality is embedded in and is an ou everyday family practices. The flow of social interactions involving ch imbued with implicit and explicit messages about right and wrong, be worse, rules, norms, obligations, duties, etiquette, moral reasoning, virt acter, and other dimensions of how to lead a moral life. While philosop bate the essence of morality, anthropologists and sociologists the socio configuration of morality, and psychologists the developmental progre morality, there is surprisingly little research on how morality is ena socialized through family interactions involving children. The presen provides five accounts of children’s immersion experiences in munda interactions with parents, which are imbued with moral expectations an ings and which apprentice children into moral life-worlds. 10.1177/ 0957926507069451

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TL;DR: This article explored how young Serbian intellectuals recontextualized G.W. Bush's "war on terrorism" discourse in order to legitimize, retroactively, Serbian violence against Muslims in Bosnia and Kosovo during the 199 Os.
Abstract: Indifferent parts of the world the 9/11 terrorist attacks have been localized and negotiated by mainstream media and in other public discourses in rather diverse ways. This article explores how young Serbian intellectuals recontextualized G.W Bush's 'war on terrorism' discourse in order to legitimize, retroactively, Serbian violence against Muslims in Bosnia and Kosovo during the 199 Os. We go beyond Bernstein's concept of recontextualization, defined as representation of social events, and extend it to the notion of relocation of a discourse from its original context/practice to its appropriation within another context/practice. Our analysis shows that the informants recycle and appropriate the discourse of 'the war on terrorism' by using an analogy. They equate the attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon with the former Yugoslav wars and they position and represent former Yugoslav Muslims as terrorists. Our informants continue to use the same principle of exclusion, celebrated by the US administration, extending the group of the 'good' ('we') to cover all 'Western/European/Christians', including the Serbs. The 'evil' ('other') group is represented as the 'they' group, encompassing all the 'nonWestern/non-European/non-Christian/Muslims'. Informants also appropriate the discourse by extending the meaning of the word 'terrorism' to all the violent acts carried out by Muslims regardless of the specificities of different political-historical contexts.

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TL;DR: This article argued that sexist discourse is a form of hate speech and that since Gairdners discourse is representative of mainstream sexist discourse all such sexist discourse counts as hate speech, and they concluded that despite all the published works on hate speech the question of sexist discourse as a hate speech is rarely even addressed.
Abstract: Scholarship on hate speech usually addresses racist and ethnicist discourses and less often homophobic discourses. This article opens a conversation about sexist discourse as hate speech. In arguing that sexist discourse should be considered hate speech I review several definitions of hate speech one of which I use in analyzing the texts of neoconservative author William D. Gairdner. I argue that although Gairdners sexist discourse does not meet the legal definitions of hate speech it is consistent with linguistic criteria for hate speech and that since Gairdners discourse is representative of mainstream sexist discourse all such sexist discourse counts as hate speech. I conclude by asking why amid all the published works on hate speech the question of sexist discourse as hate speech is rarely even addressed. Since society still operates as if male and female were simple self-evident categories we as feminists must still respond to and challenge the sexist discourses that perpetuate and reproduce such dichotomies. One way to do that is to recognize sexist discourse as a form of hate speech and to challenge it on that basis. (authors)

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyze the discourse that middle-class parents and their children use to prioritize their next possible actions and activities in planning the course of their day in order to make decisions.
Abstract: This article analyzes the discourse that middle-class parents and their children use to prioritize their next possible actions and activities in planning the course of their day. The analysis start...

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TL;DR: The authors investigates the micropolitics of personal national and ethnicity identity construction of Hispanic/Latino Americans in the Greater Washington DC area as a way of explicating a multimodal framework.
Abstract: This article uncovers explicit simultaneous identity construction by applying Scollon and Scollon's (2001) notion of Discourse System and Multimodal Interaction Analysis (Norris, 2004a, 2004b). As a contribution to the theoretical discussion, this article investigates the micropolitics of personal national and ethnicity identity construction of Hispanic/Latino Americans in the Greater Washington DC area as a way of explicating a multimodal framework. This framework allows for the incorporation of multiple modes of communication into a discourse study, explicating how personal national and ethnicity identity can be misunderstood with far-reaching consequences. Turning towards a practical use of the theoretical knowledge, this article is relevant to societal discourses in which members from different cultural backgrounds interact, i.e. to any kind of intercultural scenario in the broadest sense. As such, the article suggests that educating diverse communities about simultaneous identity construction would r...

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors focus on intercultural discourse taking place after the retrocession, and the focus is switched to focusing on inter-cultural discourse in the post-recession period.
Abstract: In this chapter, we now switch to focusing on intercultural discourse taking place after the retrocession. This will prepare the way for Part III, where the focus moves firmly onto this period.

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TL;DR: This work identifies one common way of proposing outside activities to residents of residential homes for people with learning or intellectual disabilities that reveals a subtle but significant aspect of the staff's understanding of the residents' identities.
Abstract: In residential homes for people with learning or intellectual disabilities (or mental retardation, in North American usage), a routine way for staff members to structure residents' time is to propose outside activities (e.g. shopping trips to town, attendance at a concert and so on). We identify one common way of proposing such activities that reveals a subtle but significant aspect of the staff's understanding of the residents' identities. Staff often introduce an activity not by mentioning its actual qualities (e.g. `Do you want to go and see a church concert with lots of singing?'), but by associating it with a given individual (e.g. `Do you want to go to a concert with Bill?'). This practice favours the social aspect of the residents' choices over any other, and encourages the residents' conceptions of themselves as people with feelings who care about others, and who are, in turn, cared about. We discuss the implications of such an apparently positive identity ascription.

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TL;DR: The main themes of this discussion were the violence, pain and trauma as mentioned in this paper, the horrible facts of violence must be narrated and discussed for their morality, causes, consequences, responsibility and political ramifications.
Abstract: The North American network, ABC-Television, broadcast the news-panel program, Nightline, from Jerusalem during the beginning days of the Second Intifada One of the main themes of this discussion was the violence, pain and trauma – the civilians killed or wounded, the military's actions, and how it all started Even the horrible facts of violence must be told or narrated and discussed for their morality, causes, consequences, responsibility and political ramifications In this sense, violence is discursive How violence gets told, how versions get constructed or contested, is our focus Participants used the communicative practices of invoking membership categories and activity terms and formulating events in support of their evaluative viewpoint These membership categories were often presented by the use of conflicting positionings in referencing persons or events The ‘conflict’ between descriptive terms draws attention to something problematic Talk of violence also makes relevant reports of affect/fe

Journal ArticleDOI

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Robert R. Agne1
TL;DR: In this paper, an analysis of several telephone conversations between FBI negotiators and David Koresh during the 51-day FBI-Branch Davidian standoff outside Waco, Texas, in 1993 is presented.
Abstract: This study is an analysis of several telephone conversations between FBI negotiators and David Koresh during the 51-day FBI—Branch Davidian standoff outside Waco, Texas, in 1993. The analysis shows how different reframing practices reveal interactional troubles the negotiators faced in dealing with the incompatibility of their legal frame for the situation and the Davidians' religious one. These practices shed new light on reframing in crisis negotiation steeped in moral conflict, describing it as a problematic conversational practice rather than a prescribed path to resolution.

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TL;DR: The Leicester Mercury has been identified as a model newspaper by the British government because it has been seen as central in communicating positive representations of ethnic minorities in the UK as discussed by the authors, and has been used as a source of information for minority communities.
Abstract: The Leicester Mercury has been identified as a model newspaper by the British government because it has been seen as central in communicating positive representations of ethnic minorities in the ci...

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Kumiko Murata1
TL;DR: The authors compared and contrasted the discourse of whaling in British and Japanese newspaper reports, and found that the former tend to use a more emotive and provocative tone, whereas the latter used a more restrained and factual tone.
Abstract: This article compares and contrasts the discourse of whaling in British and Japanese newspaper reports. It investigates the ways in which pro- and anti-whaling discourses are formulated in the press by examining, in particular, the following features: (1) the use of specific lexis and syntactic structures, (2) the use of rhetorical devices, and (3) the control and organization of information at a discourse level. The article claims that British and Japanese news reports use very different strategies in expressing their anti- and pro-whaling stances; the former tend to use a more emotive and provocative tone, whereas the latter use a more restrained and factual tone. The article also claims that the issue of whaling tends to be discussed under different cultural assumptions and values in the respective discourses; and thus, suggests the possibility that readers may be influenced by the cumulative effects of these different discourses.

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigate the Uruguayan military's argumentative narrative about the last dictatorship (1973-85) in order to understand how violations of human rights are explained and justified.
Abstract: This article investigates the Uruguayan military's argumentative narrative about the last dictatorship (1973—85) in order to understand how violations of human rights are explained and justified. Through a historical perspective the investigation traces the changes and permanence of certain representational and discursive practices that construct the memory of the period. The analysis shows how the military's argumentative narrative about the dictatorship is transformed in response to challenges from other social actors, in particular historical moments. This analysis demonstrates the dynamic, historical and discursive nature of collective memory. The article also highlights how the military as an institution deals with the effects of decisions and actions that challenge its presentation of self as a positive and moral institution of society.

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors focus on the semiotic elements of discourses of Europe and Europeanization constructed by the Office of the High Representative (OHR) in Bosnia and Herzegovina and reveal more problematic relations of the OHR's dominance in a sovereign country.
Abstract: After the Bosnian war 1992—5, the Office of the High Representative (OHR) was assigned as the most powerful international body in the country regarding implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement and the subsequent accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Union. This study focuses on the semiotic elements of discourses of Europe and Europeanization constructed by the OHR in Bosnia and Herzegovina only to reveal more problematic relations of the OHR's dominance in a sovereign country. By analyzing regularly published press releases aimed at the Bosnian public in the process of transition and Europeanization, it looks at the ways in which this organization represented, legitimized and coerced Europeanization in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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TL;DR: The relationship between chat and gender is a topic that has been discussed for more than 20 years now Feminist theorists have claimed that virtual reality effaces gender and linguists have pointed to the fact that gender matters online as well as offline; linguists in particular have shown that ''real-life' gender leaves traces online in the form of discourse styles and patterns as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The relationship between chat and gender is a topic that has been discussed for more than 20 years now Feminist theorists have claimed that virtual reality effaces gender Others have pointed to the fact that gender matters online as well as offline; linguists in particular have shown that `real-life' gender leaves traces online in the form of discourse styles and patterns This article has a somewhat different focus It analyzes blatant plays with gender in Swiss internet relay chats (IRCs) In these games, chatters make use of gender, and put it on stage These plays are possible because the construction of the gender in IRCs is achieved almost exclusively by communicative means They might also be possible because the IRC releases the pressures of social constraints with regard to gender And they have an effect, which could be described in gender theoretic terms as `queering' But it has to be observed that these plays are made visible as plays, marked, and temporally limited; afterwards, gender cons

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TL;DR: Using the tools of critical discourse analysis (CDA) and systemic functional linguistics (SFL), this article treated the diplomatic condolence message as a recognizable text type that has much to tell us about how governments signal and construct ideological positions and in doing so 'enact' the international community.
Abstract: Yasser Arafat wasakey figure in the political life ofthelate20th and early 21st centuries. As Palestinian president, he was a central player in negotiations over the most contentious issue of the time: Middle East peace. But although his significance is unquestioned, his status is ambiguous: for some he was a freedom fighter, for others a terrorist. It is interesting, therefore, to observe the ways in which different world governments marked the death of Arafat in November 2004, in their official condolence messages. Using the tools of critical discourse analysis (CDA) and systemic functional linguistics (SFL), this article treats the diplomatic condolence message as a recognizable text type that has much to tell us about how governments signal and construct ideological positions and in doing so `enact' the international community.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyse the frame conflicts that arise when customers mobilize local discursive patterns, code-switching and conversational topics, and observe how these local communicative means, which are considered to be of lesser value on the linguistic market, struggle against the institutional and depersonalized discursive style of professionals.
Abstract: This article focuses on frame conflicts in workplace interactions and their role in the sociodiscursive reproduction of social inequality. Specifically, I analyse the frame conflicts that arise when customers mobilize local discursive patterns, code-switching and conversational topics. I observe how these local communicative means, which are considered to be of lesser value on the linguistic market, struggle when matched against the institutional and depersonalized discursive style of the professionals. The research is based on employee/customer interviews recorded at a partly state-owned enterprise that supplies water, sewage treatment and waste collection in a borough in Galicia (Spain). The data have been subjected to sociodiscursive, sequential and critical analyses. This multimethod aproach has enabled us to observe the way in which social order is built up from interactional order, revealing the role played by frames, linguistic resources and interactional asymmetry in reproducing the power differen...

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TL;DR: The authors describe how a group of African-American women read social relations as socially constructed texts in a hair salon and find that reading is a literacy skill, rehearsed and developed within classrooms and communities that cultural border crossers develop through their participation within specific discourses communities.
Abstract: This article describes how a group of African-American women read social relations as socially constructed texts. Such reading, I think, is a literacy skill, rehearsed and developed within classrooms and communities that cultural border crossers1 develop through their participation within specific discourses communities, as well as through their movement across different kinds of communities (Majors and Orellana, 2003). I draw from one ethnographic study of talk in an African-American hair salon to both illuminate and challenge notions of texts, literacy, literate contexts, and the permeability of such contexts with regards to skills acquisition and use. The study focuses on the public performances and social discourse of the women as well as their readings of these performances. Researchers of language and learning have argued that success and failure in school is contingent upon one's ability to successfully navigate processes of meaning-making through discourses (Cazden, 2001; Cole, 1996; Delpit, 1995;...

Journal Article

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TL;DR: In this article, Buttny and Ellis present a paper on ABC-TV's NIGHTLINE PANEL DISCUSSION from JERUSALEM discussing the accounts of VIOLENCE from ARABS and ISRAELIS.
Abstract: Paper for DISCOURSE & SOCIETY ACCOUNTS OF VIOLENCE FROM ARABS AND ISRAELIS ON ABC-TV’S NIGHTLINE PANEL DISCUSSION FROM JERUSALEM By Richard Buttny and Donald G. Ellis rbuttny@syr.edu dellis@hartford.edu Version number 2; March 18, 2006 Send proofs to: Richard Buttny, Department of Communication and Rhetorical Studies, Syracuse University, 100 Sims Hall, Syracuse, NY 13244, USA Running head: ACCOUNTS OF VIOLENCE Word count: 10,924