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Showing papers in "Discourse Studies in 2017"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors focus on assessments in conversation, paying particular attention to a distinction between object-side (O-side) and subject side (S-side), where O-side assessments are predicated of an object and S-side assessment is predicated on an object.
Abstract: We focus on assessments in conversation, paying particular attention to a distinction between object-side (O-side) and subject-side (S-side) assessments O-side assessments are predicated of an obj

71 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the interactional workings of flirting are examined based on emails and chats, with the focus on the interaction between flirting and the interaction of the flirting partners.
Abstract: Various fields have examined the activity of flirting, predominantly based on experimental and reported data; the interactional workings are therefore often overlooked. Based on emails and chats fr...

45 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: GLOBE is introduced as an analytical tool which functionally links discourse units to conventionalized communicative purposes and reconstructs the interactive achievement of genre-oriented discourse units in a three-branch analysis of jobs, devices and forms.
Abstract: The article deals with larger stretches of talk-in-interaction and argues in favor of a descriptive approach, which integrates the structural requirements of global organization, the special type o...

42 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors describe the notion of dialogue move intended as the minimal unit for the analysis of dialogues, and propose an approach to discourse analysis based on the pragmatic idea that dialogue move is a minimal unit.
Abstract: In this article, we describe the notion of dialogue move intended as the minimal unit for the analysis of dialogues. We propose an approach to discourse analysis based on the pragmatic idea that th...

40 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argue that every move combines independent semiotic features, to be interpreted under an assumption that social behavior is goal-directed, and that responding to actions is not equivalent to describing them.
Abstract: What is the relation between words and action? How does a person decide, based on what someone is saying, what would be an appropriate response? We argue that (1) every move combines independent semiotic features, to be interpreted under an assumption that social behavior is goal directed; (2) responding to actions is not equivalent to describing them; and (3) describing actions invokes rights and duties for which people are explicitly accountable We conclude that interaction does not involve a ‘binning’ procedure in which the stream of conduct is sorted into discrete action types Our argument is grounded in data from recordings of talk-in-interaction

40 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Examples where children with cochlear implants choose not to initiate repair of an error made by their hearing friend are detailed to highlight the interactional cost of initiating repair and demonstrate that not doing repair can cause a breakdown in conversation.
Abstract: This article investigates differences in pragmatic abilities between children who have cochlear implants and their hearing peers. Recordings of 10-minute conversations between 10 children with cochlear implants (children with age-equivalent language scores) and a hearing peer were transcribed. Conversation analysis provides insights into interactional troubles not evident in broader measures of number of turns, requests for clarification, topic initiation and so on used in earlier studies. How the children go about repair proves of particular interest; other-initiated repair that prompts the speaker to repeat the prior utterance is, not surprisingly, more commonly produced by the children who have cochlear implants. The key contribution of this article, however, is to detail examples where children with cochlear implants choose not to initiate repair of an error made by their hearing friend. The discussion not only highlights the interactional cost of initiating repair, but also demonstrates that not doing repair can cause a breakdown in conversation.

26 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For instance, the authors pointed out that speakers sometimes reject, resist, or modify category membership because of the sensitive inferential and inte ciency of category membership, and that category membership can be problematic for some speakers.
Abstract: Identity has often been approached by asking questions about it in interviews. However, speakers sometimes reject, resist or modify category membership because of the sensitive inferential and inte...

22 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigate how university lectures and seminars are brought to a close through the collaborative work of lecturers and students, focusing on the resources that lecturers have to accomplish this, including not just speech but also embodied conduct, as well as references to clock time and lesson phases.
Abstract: Based on an analysis of naturally occurring interactions between lecturers and students, this article investigates how university lectures and seminars are brought to a close through the collaborative work of lecturers and students. The analysis focuses on, first, the resources that lecturers and students have to accomplish this (which include not just speech but also embodied conduct, as well as references to clock time and lesson phases); second, the active role that students play, who may engage in closing activities in ways that attempt to preserve the classroom order (e.g. by packing up silently while continuing to demonstrably listen) or in ways that are disruptive of it (e.g. by packing up noisily); and third, the occasional subversive role that students may adopt, who may attempt to initiate closings in order to cut the lecture or seminar short (e.g. by suggesting to the lecturer that he or she is going over time or by engaging in ‘premature’ closing activities).

22 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors used conversation analysis and discursive psychology to study self-reflective turns of talk in group co-existence, and found that reflective processing is a joint social action that develops in interaction.
Abstract: Reflective processing is a joint social action that develops in interaction. Using conversation analysis and discursive psychology, this article focuses on self-reflective turns of talk in group co...

18 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines the conversational activity of normalizing recourses at university students seeking counseling to discuss concerns about their academic skills, motivation, time management and well-being, and examines the conversations that occur between students and counselors.
Abstract: University students seek counseling to discuss concerns about their academic skills, motivation, time management and well-being. This article examines the conversational activity of normalizing rec...

17 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Xue-li Yao1, Wen Ma1
TL;DR: In this article, from the tape-recording of naturally occurring Chinese psychotherapy sessions, the authors explore how repeated occurrences of resistance are managed in the course of interactional sequences.
Abstract: From the tape-recording of naturally occurring Chinese psychotherapy sessions, this article explores how repeated occurrences of resistance are managed in the course of interactional sequences and ...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is argued that the physicians’ contentious discursive construction of the case has crucial consequences in the way the ward’s extreme policy as to the use of antibiotics is jointly accomplished as a highly reflexive process sensitive to the contingencies of any particular case.
Abstract: Research on medical interactions shows how the discursive construction of the clinical case impacts diagnostic reasoning and treatment recommendations. Drawing on an ethnographic study in an intens...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors integrated theories of stance and membership categorization to investigate one online discussion thread initiated by a woman who asks for diet and health advice on a forum for women on health and nutrition.
Abstract: This discourse analytic study integrates theories of stance and membership categorization to investigate one online discussion thread initiated by a woman who asks for diet and health advice on beh...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Time series analysis (TSA) is a technique to describe the structure and forecast values of a particular variable based on a series of sequential observations as discussed by the authors, which is commonly used in finance and economics.
Abstract: Time series analysis (TSA) is a technique to describe the structure and forecast values of a particular variable based on a series of sequential observations. While commonly used in finance and eng...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines a productive use of communicating gender stereotypes in interpersonal conversation: to resist activities traditionally prescribed according to gender, and analyzes video-taped conversations with a group of participants.
Abstract: This article examines a productive use of communicating gender stereotypes in interpersonal conversation: to resist activities traditionally prescribed according to gender. The analyses video-taped...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a large corpus of video-and audio-recorded interactions in Englisch is used to explore the interactional organization of shared remembering in a shared remembering system.
Abstract: Memory is a central epistemic resource, yet the interactional organization of shared remembering is largely unexplored. Drawing on a large corpus of video- and audio-recorded interactions in Englis...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examined how third-party complaints were responded to by counsellors on a men's relationship-counselling helpline, and found that third party complaints were not responded to well.
Abstract: This article examines how third-party complaints were responded to by counsellors on a men’s relationship-counselling helpline. Much prior conversation analytic research has shown that third-party ...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors explain speakers' strategies in mediation using meta-discourse and show that mediators rely a lot on metadiscourse to manage the argument while pre-empting the argument.
Abstract: While several taxonomies of meta-discourse exist, none clearly explains speakers’ strategies in mediation. Mediators, however, seem to rely a lot on meta-discourse to manage the argument while pres...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, an interactional form of tunnel vision or cognitive bias in a series of mundane police-suspect interactions was analyzed in a murder case in which the suspect, later convic...
Abstract: The article analyzes an interactional form of tunnel vision or cognitive bias in a series of mundane police–suspect interactions. The data come from a murder case in which the suspect, later convic...


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Narrative Representation Theory (NRT), an evolved framework of Verse Analysis, has come into existence with the mission of explaining the operation of macro-systemic structure that could be hard to reason as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Narrative Representation Theory (NRT), an evolved framework of Verse Analysis, has come into existence with the mission of explaining the operation of macro-systemic structure that could be hardwir...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper examined the self-praise of parents in Korean telephone conversational data and found that the act of praising on the part of parents on their own children was underexplored.
Abstract: This study examines an underexplored area of self-praise: parents praising their own children. An examination of a corpus of Korean telephone conversational data reveals that the act of praising on...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It was found that parents typically first raised the possibility of the presence of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis through ‘building a case’, which professionals were then able to ratify or negate, and clinical decisions were typically reached through a distinctive pattern of interaction.
Abstract: Integral to the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is the initial assessment through which the existence of a ‘problem’ is first ascertained. Despite this, there remains limited research on this early part of the diagnostic pathway. In this article, we utilised conversation analysis to examine relevant issues in relation to the practitioner–family interactions that take place within this initial assessment context. Our findings illustrated that parents typically first raised the possibility of the presence of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis through ‘building a case’, which professionals were then able to ratify or negate. Furthermore, we found that the assessments unfolded sequentially and clinical decisions were typically reached through a distinctive pattern of interaction. These findings have important implications for clinical practice, including for the study of autism spectrum disorder assessments and diagnosis.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined patients' calls to three different GP services in the United Kingdom and found that patients are more likely to initiate thank-you if the receptionist volunteers such a summary.
Abstract: This paper examines patients’ calls to three different GP services in the United Kingdom. Using conversation analysis, combined with coding of 447 calls, we studied the role of thank you in closing sequences, focussing on their timing and order in relation to service outcome. We show, first of all, how patients withhold thank you in orientation to an absent summary or specification of service: patients are more likely to initiate thank you if the receptionist volunteers such a summary. Secondly, we show there is variation in how appropriately participants project the termination of calls using thank you. And, finally, while thank you serves a primary role in managing the termination of calls, the timing, order and design of thank you can also display patient (dis)satisfaction. We discuss our findings in terms of service encounters more generally, including implications for larger-scale analysis.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In a follow-up study, the authors investigated what sort of changes have occurred over the intervening period and found that there has been considerable technological change, such as the growth of molecular studies, the digitization of specimens, and the use of the web, which has greatly impacted the processes of scholarly textual production.
Abstract: Herbaria principally host and study collections of dried vegetal specimens, and the curators and researchers employed there are mainly systematic botanists working on plant taxonomy. Twenty years ago, a textographic investigation of the University of Michigan Herbarium was conducted as part of a larger study. In this follow-up inquiry, we investigate what sort of changes have – or have not – occurred over the intervening period. Two of the five original Herbarium informants are still working there, and mainly through text-based interviews and discourse analysis we trace their subsequent careers and research outputs. We find that there has been considerable technological change since the 1990s, such as the growth of molecular studies, the digitization of specimens, and the use of the web, which has greatly impacted the processes of scholarly textual production. However, technological effects on the highly distinctive genres of systematic botany turn out to be more moderate. This genre set, comprising monog...


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article examined how one particular Japanese formulaic construction, [Noun (da) yo Noun], "It's Noun, you know, Noun" index mutual trust to manage conversational interaction.
Abstract: Japanese conversations are known to contain a large amount of unexpressed information When a speaker speaks with elliptical information, he or she assumes that the addressee will understand what is not overtly expressed based on the knowledge that is supposed to be shared textually, personally or culturally The addressee, on the other hand, must determine what is not being expressed overtly using such shared knowledge At the heart of this kind of communication is the existence of trust assumed among the interlocutors Using the term ‘entrustment’, we will examine how one particular Japanese formulaic construction, [Noun (da) yo Noun], ‘It’s Noun, you know, Noun’, indexes mutual trust to manage conversational interaction We will argue that this meta-pragmatic awareness needs to be recognized beyond surface interactional patterns identified in conversation

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the mediator practices to bring the interaction back on track when the participants of dispute mediation go off-task are examined, using a collection of 18 transcripts from audio recordings of mediation sessions at a mediation center in the western United States.
Abstract: This study examines the mediator practices to bring the interaction back on track when the participants of dispute mediation go off-task. An existing collection of 18 transcripts from audio recordings of mediation sessions at a mediation center in the western United States serves as a source of interactional data. First, the study examines the moves mediators make to perform interventions to bring the current state of activity more in line with mediation activity. Second, it accounts for the variety of interventions mediators perform using the concepts of face and facework. The article discusses what the findings mean in terms of mediation, the interaction order and the institutional order.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors studied buying and selling encounters in a Mexican fruit and vegetable shop and showed aspects of the institutional character of these interactions, which is a conversation-analytic study.
Abstract: The present investigation studies buying and selling encounters in a Mexican fruit and vegetable shop. It is a conversation-analytic study that shows aspects of the institutional character of these...

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines a type of action accomplished through a reversed polarity question (RPQ) responding to initial assessments in everyday Japanese conversation and demonstrates that RPQs deployed in this specific position express alternative views to initial assessment by appealing to participants' common sense or knowledge and index participants' epistemic symmetry over a particular assessable.
Abstract: This conversation-analytic study examines a type of action accomplished through a reversed polarity question (RPQ) responding to initial assessments in everyday Japanese conversation. This study demonstrates that RPQs deployed in this specific position express alternative views to initial assessments by appealing to participants’ common sense or knowledge and index participants’ epistemic symmetry over a particular assessable. These RPQs do not simply convey the speakers’ disagreement with initial assessments, however, but are designed to be situated as ‘new’ first assessments by triggering the conditional relevance of the question–answer adjacency pair, thereby inviting agreement from the prior speaker. This study also reveals two commonly observable practices by which the speaker secures the participants’ epistemic symmetry over a particular assessable and thereby creates the basis for producing RPQs. It is further shown that these two practices can affect the strength of disaffiliation expressed by the...