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JournalISSN: 1528-3542


About: Emotion is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Facial expression & Affect (psychology). It has an ISSN identifier of 1528-3542. Over the lifetime, 2023 publication(s) have been published receiving 138635 citation(s). The journal is also known as: emotions. more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/1528-3542.7.2.336
01 May 2007-Emotion
Abstract: Attentional control theory is an approach to anxiety and cognition representing a major development of Eysenck and Calvo's (1992) processing efficiency theory. It is assumed that anxiety impairs efficient functioning of the goal-directed attentional system and increases the extent to which processing is influenced by the stimulus-driven attentional system. In addition to decreasing attentional control, anxiety increases attention to threat-related stimuli. Adverse effects of anxiety on processing efficiency depend on two central executive functions involving attentional control: inhibition and shifting. However, anxiety may not impair performance effectiveness (quality of performance) when it leads to the use of compensatory strategies (e.g., enhanced effort; increased use of processing resources). Directions for future research are discussed. more

Topics: Attentional control (67%), Anxiety (58%), Executive functions (54%)

3,247 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/1528-3542.1.3.276
01 Sep 2001-Emotion
Abstract: Emotional reactions are organized by underlying motivational states—defensive and appetitive—that have evolved to promote the survival of individuals and species. Affective responses were measured while participants viewed pictures with varied emotional and neutral content. Consistent with the motivational hypothesis, reports of the strongest emotional arousal, largest skin conductance responses, most pronounced cardiac deceleration, and greatest modulation of the startle reflex occurred when participants viewed pictures depicting threat, violent death, and erotica. Moreover, reflex modulation and conductance change varied with arousal, whereas facial patterns were content specific. The findings suggest that affective responses serve different functions—mobilization for action, attention, and social communication—and reflect the motivational system that is engaged, its intensity of activation, and the specific emotional context. Emotion is considered here to be fundamentally organized around two motivational systems, one appetitive and one defensive, that have evolved to mediate transactions in the environment that either promote or threaten physical survival (Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 1997). The defense system is primarily activated in contexts involving threat, with a basic behavioral repertoire built on withdrawal, escape, and attack. Conversely, the appetitive system is activated in contexts that promote survival, including sustenance, procreation, and nurturance, with a basic behavioral repertoire of ingestion, copulation, and caregiving. These systems are implemented by neural circuits in the brain, presumably with common outputs to structures mediating the somatic and autonomic physiological systems involved in attention and action (see Davis, 2000; Davis & Lang, 2001; more

1,794 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/1528-3542.3.1.97
01 Mar 2003-Emotion
Abstract: Does a recently introduced ability scale adequately measure emotional intelligence (EI) skills? Using the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT; J. D. Mayer, P. Salovey, & D. R. Caruso, 2002b), the authors examined (a) whether members of a general standardization sample and emotions experts identified the same test answers as correct, (b) the test's reliability, and (c) the possible factor structures of EI. Twenty-one emotions experts endorsed many of the same answers, as did 2,112 members of the standardization sample, and exhibited superior agreement, particularly when research provides clearer answers to test questions (e.g., emotional perception in faces). The MSCEIT achieved reasonable reliability, and confirmatory factor analysis supported theoretical models of EI. These findings help clarify issues raised in earlier articles published in Emotion. more

1,447 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/1528-3542.3.1.48
Emily A. Butler1, Boris Egloff2, Frank H. Wilhelm1, Nancy C. Smith1  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
01 Mar 2003-Emotion
Abstract: At times, people keep their emotions from showing during social interactions. The authors' analysis suggests that such expressive suppression should disrupt communication and increase stress levels. To test this hypothesis, the authors conducted 2 studies in which unacquainted pairs of women discussed an upsetting topic. In Study 1, one member of each pair was randomly assigned to (a) suppress her emotional behavior, (b) respond naturally, or (c) cognitively reappraise in a way that reduced emotional responding. Suppression alone disrupted communication and magnified blood pressure responses in the suppressors' partners. In Study 2, suppression had a negative impact on the regulators' emotional experience and increased blood pressure in both regulators and their partners. Suppression also reduced rapport and inhibited relationship formation. more

Topics: Expressive Suppression (63%)

1,058 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/A0015952
01 Jun 2009-Emotion
Abstract: Happiness—a composite of life satisfaction, coping resources, and positive emotions—predicts desirable life outcomes in many domains. The broaden-and-build theory suggests that this is because positive emotions help people build lasting resources. To test this hypothesis, the authors measured emotions daily for 1 month in a sample of students (N 86) and assessed life satisfaction and trait resilience at the beginning and end of the month. Positive emotions predicted increases in both resilience and life satisfaction. Negative emotions had weak or null effects and did not interfere with the benefits of positive emotions. Positive emotions also mediated the relation between baseline and final resilience, but life satisfaction did not. This suggests that it is in-the-moment positive emotions, and not more general positive evaluations of one’s life, that form the link between happiness and desirable life outcomes. Change in resilience mediated the relation between positive emotions and increased life satisfaction, suggesting that happy people become more satisfied not simply because they feel better but because they develop resources for living well. more

Topics: Broaden-and-build (65%), Subjective well-being (65%), Life satisfaction (63%) more

1,021 Citations

No. of papers from the Journal in previous years

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Journal's top 5 most impactful authors

James J. Gross

29 papers, 7K citations

Peter Kuppens

20 papers, 1.4K citations

Robert W. Levenson

18 papers, 2K citations

Lisa Feldman Barrett

17 papers, 1.3K citations

Klaus R. Scherer

16 papers, 2.5K citations

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