scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

Showing papers in "Ethnohistory in 1985"



Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The history of Ojibwa is described in this paper, where the notions of personne, de vie and de mort are discussed. But they do not consider the notion of creation.
Abstract: Histoire des Ojibwa. Les missions chretiennes et les reponses des Ojibwa a celles-ci (resistance| conversions| desintegration de la religion traditionnelle). Les notions ojibwa de personne, de vie et de mort. Cultes et croyances, esprits. Mythes de creation. Cycle ceremoniels. Activites et rituels visionnaires. Conceptions de la sante, de la maladie| medecine. Pouvoir et chefs religieux. La societe secrete Midwiwin (Grande Medecine). Differents mouvements religieux (Wabeno, prophetisme shawnee, Dream dance, Ghost danse, Peyotisme...). Crise religieuse actuelle.

68 citations





Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Indian Man examines the life of James Mooney (1861-1921), the son of poor Irish immigrants who became a champion of Native peoples and one of the most influential anthropology fieldworkers of all time as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: The Indian Man examines the life of James Mooney (1861-1921), the son of poor Irish immigrants who became a champion of Native peoples and one of the most influential anthropology fieldworkers of all time. As a staff member of the Smithsonian Institution for over three decades, Mooney conducted fieldwork and gathered invaluable information on rapidly changing Native American cultures across the continent. His fieldwork among the Eastern Cherokees, Cheyennes, and Kiowas provides priceless snapshots of their traditional ways of life, and his sophisticated and sympathetic analysis of the 1890 Ghost Dance and the consequent tragedy at Wounded Knee has not been surpassed a century later. L. G. Moses is a professor of history at Oklahoma State University. He is the author of Wild West Shows and the Images of American Indians, 1833-1933.

43 citations







Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Aquila's work as discussed by the authors provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the Iroquois Confederacy and the War of the Six Nations of the Mohawk Indians (1701-1761).
Abstract: 'This meticulous study, with its interpretive themes, represents a major contribution to Iroquois historiography. It fills a gap in the literature, addresses important issues, and has the further advantage of presenting the Indian perspective' \"Journal of American History\". 'Aquila's work does for the eighteenth century much of what George Hunt's \"Wars of the Iroquois\" did for the seventeenth century: it provides a comprehensive overview of Iroquois history' - \"Western Historical Quarterly\". '[A] well-organized, deeply researched, and thoroughly documented, as well as highly readable, addition to the literature on Indian-white relations' - \"New York History\". 'Although [Aquila] is no sentimentalist, his study cannot help but contribute to the high reputation of the Iroquois as diplomats and political innovators' - \"Reviews in American\". Beginning in 1701, the Iroquois, at their nadir after twenty years of warring, sought to rebuild the Confederacy. By design or circumstance, they carried out sophisticated diplomatic relations with their Indian and white neighbors, gradually recouping much of their political, military, and economic power. The Iroquois helped shape the frontier, influencing Westward expansion, the fur trade, and colonial warfare. In a new introduction, Richard Aquila discusses recent scholarship and trends in Iroquois studies. A professor of history and director of the American Studies Program at Ball State University, he is the author of \"Wanted Dead or Alive: The American West in Popular Culture\".

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a discussion de l'origine des objets de provenance europeenne que les premiers explorateurs du Golfe du Maine (Etats-Unis), au debut du 17 siecle, trouverent en possession des Indiens : ornements de cuivre, bouilloires, haches de fer and chaloupes.
Abstract: Discussion de l'origine des objets de provenance europeenne que les premiers explorateurs du Golfe du Maine (Etats-Unis), au debut du 17 siecle, trouverent en possession des Indiens : ornements de cuivre, bouilloires, haches de fer et chaloupes. L'A. emet l'hypothese qu'ils furent introduits dans la region par des intermediaires Etchemin ou Souriquois, et non par des voyageurs europeens restes anonymes

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the Haida woman Florence Edenshaw Davidson: a biographical sketch is described.Preface to the Revised Edition of the original version of this book is given.
Abstract: Preface to the Revised EditionPreface to the Original EditionOrthography1) The Life History Project2) The Haida Woman3) Florence Edenshaw Davidson: a biographical sketch4) Those Before Me 1862-18965) Before I could Walk 1896-18976) I Am Yet a Girl 1897-19097) I Become a Woman and Marry 1909-19118) I Become a Mother and Have Lots of Children 1912-19389) I Quit Having Babies, My Later Years 1939-197910) DiscussionEpilogue 1992 \"One More Time\"AppendixBibliographyIndex


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Haida dwellings ethnography among the Haida the southern villages - Skidegate, Haina, Cumshewa, Skedans, Tanu, Ninstints, Kaisun, Chaatl the northern villages - Massel, Kayang, Yan, Hiellan, Kung, Kiusta, Dadens, Yaku Tian Photography and the Haidas of the Queen Charlotte Islands - an historical perspective, Richard L. Huyda as discussed by the authors
Abstract: Haida dwellings ethnography among the Haida the southern villages - Skidegate, Haina, Cumshewa, Skedans, Tanu, Ninstints, Kaisun, Chaatl the northern villages - Massel, Kayang, Yan, Hiellan, Kung, Kiusta, Dadens, Yaku Tian Photography and the Haida villages of the Queen Charlotte Islands - an historical perspective, Richard L. Huyda.





Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, Kroeber et al. present trois versions of l'ethnogenese et des relations des Hualapai and des Havasupai du sud-ouest des Etats-Unis, tirees du " Handbook of North American Indians ", Volume 10, celles d'A.L.Kroeber, de D.W. Schwartz, et de R.C.Euler et H.F. Dobyns
Abstract: Critique des trois versions de l'ethnogenese et des relations des Hualapai et des Havasupai du sud-ouest des Etats-Unis, tirees du " Handbook of North American Indians ", Volume 10, celles d'A.L. Kroeber, de D.W. Schwartz, et de R.C. Euler et H.F. Dobyns





Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, it is argued that "pacification" is a form of domination, albeit a particularly subtle one, which relies upon the differential interpretation, by the two sides, of the events--principally, the giving of gifts by the White Men that made up the early encounters.
Abstract: Between 1914 and 1916, the Shokleng Indians--previously economically and politically autonomous--were brought into the c.bit of the Brazilian state through a process known as "pacification." This paper traces that process through narratives of the Indians and White Men who participated in it. It is argued that "pacification" is a form of domination, albeit a particularly subtle one, which relies upon the differential interpretation, by the two sides, of the events--principally, the giving of gifts by the White Men--that made up the early encounters. Adrian Cowell's recent film, "The Decade of Destruction," documents the first peaceful contact established by representatives of the Brazilian government Indian agency (FUNAI) and the Uru-eu-wau-wau tribe of the western Brazilian state of Rondonia between 1980 and 1983. We see the regional context of development, the opening of a highway through this wilderness, the influx of settlers from other parts of Brazil--part of a government-planned colonization program. We see evidence of skirmishes between the Uru-eu-wau-wau and settlers, and the gradual process of "pacification" through attraction by means of gifts. Cowell's film documents a process that is much more general throughout Brazil. Yet, even as this process brings the last remaining isolated groups into the orbit of the national society, we know almost nothing about how the Indians themselves perceive that process, how their experience differs from that of the FUNAI agents involved in the "pacification," how the seemingly identical objective events are reported and made sense of within contrasting cultural paradigms. The present article rectifies some of this imbalance by making available contrasting reports of a specific pacification--that of the Shokleng Indians2 of the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina, with specific reference to the 1914-1915 period. At that time, the Shokleng were a semi-nomadic hunting and gathering people, organized into three bands, each consisting of some 400-600 individuals. The individual bands were in turn organized into trekking groups, the number of which varied between two and four. There was constant feuding between bands, but relations within the band were generally peaceful. At the time of the "pacification," the Shokleng practiced no agriculture, subsisting instead primarily on the wild game, especially tapirs and peccaries, and on the fruits and nuts, especially Araucaria pine nuts, of the region. They had earlier, like the neighboring and related Kaingang, practiced a part-time agriculture. However, by the latter nineteenth century, they had completely replaced their own agriculture with the raiding of Brazilian settler farms. Even prior to the first peaceful contacts, therefore, Brazilian settlement of the region was having an impact on the traditional Shokleng way of life. URBAN

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Analyse historiographique des sources documentaires sur les Pipil-Nicarao, groupe ethnique precolombien de langue nahuatl d'Amerique centrale.
Abstract: Analyse historiographique des sources documentaires sur les Pipil-Nicarao, groupe ethnique precolombien de langue nahuatl d'Amerique centrale