About: FEBS Journal is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Peptide sequence & Amino acid. It has an ISSN identifier of 1742-464X. Over the lifetime, 34790 publications have been published receiving 1624685 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A simple method for detecting 3H in polyacrylamide gels by scintillation autography (fluorography) using X-ray film, which is ten times more sensitive than conventional autoradiography of isotopes with higher emission energies.
Abstract: A simple method is described for detecting 3H in polyacrylamide gels by scintillation autography (fluorography) using X-ray film. The gel is dehydrated in dimethyl sulphoxide, soaked in a solution of 2,5-diphenyloxazole (PPO) in dimethylsulphoxide, dried and exposed to RP Royal “X-Omat” film at -70 °C. Optimal conditions for each step are described. β-particles from 3H interact with the 2,5-diphenyloxazole emitting light which causes local blackening of an X-ray film. The image produced resembles that obtained by conventional autoradiography of isotopes with higher emission energies such as 14C. 3000 dis. 3H/min in a band in a gel can be detected in a 24-h exposure. Similarly 500 dis./min can be detected in one week. When applied to the detection of 35S and 14C in polyacrylamide gels, this method is ten times more sensitive than conventional autoradiography. 130 dis. 35S or 14C/min in a band in a gel can be detected in 24 h.
TL;DR: The autoxidation of pyrogallol was investigated in the presence of EDTA in the pH range 7.9–10.6, indicating an almost total dependence on the participation of the superoxide anion radical, O2·−, in the reaction.
Abstract: The autoxidation of pyrogallol was investigated in the presence of EDTA in the pH range 7.9–10.6. The rate of autoxidation increases with increasing pH. At pH 7.9 the reaction is inhibited to 99% by superoxide dismutase, indicating an almost total dependence on the participation of the superoxide anion radical, O2·−, in the reaction. Up to pH 9.1 the reaction is still inhibited to over 90% by superoxide dismutase, but at higher alkalinity, O2·− -independent mechanisms rapidly become dominant. Catalase has no effect on the autoxidation but decreases the oxygen consumption by half, showing that H2O2 is the stable product of oxygen and that H2O2 is not involved in the autoxidation mechanism. A simple and rapid method for the assay of superoxide dismutase is described, based on the ability of the enzyme to inhibit the autoxidation of pyrogallol. A plausible explanation is given for the non-competitive part of the inhibition of catechol O-methyltransferase brought about by pyrogallol.
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that pre-exposure of the film to a brief flash of light greatly increases the sensitivity of fluorography, because it corrects the non-linear relationship between radioactivity of the sample and absorbance of theFilm image.
Abstract: Methods which use the scintillator PPO to record film images of 3H in chromatograms and polyacrylamide gels (fluorography) have been described elsewhere. This paper demonstrates that pre-exposure of the film to a brief flash of light greatly increases the sensitivity of fluorography. Pre-exposure also permits quantitative interpretation of the film image, because it corrects the non-linear relationship between radioactivity of the sample and absorbance of the film image. Therefore the distribution of radioactivity in the sample is accurately represented by microdensitometry of the image obtained on pre-exposed film. Using pre-exposed film 300 dis. 3H/min or 30 dis. 14C/min can be detected in a band in a gel in a 24-h exposure. The Appendix describes revisions and extensions of existing fluorographic procedures, including application to agarose gels and a rapid procedure for recovering PPO for re-use.
TL;DR: A simple method is described for converting a standard rabbit reticulocyte cell-free extract (lysate) into an mRNA-dependent protein synthesis system, and no residual nuclease activity could be detected, and the tRNA is functionally unimpaired.
Abstract: A simple method is described for converting a standard rabbit reticulocyte cell-free extract (lysate) into an mRNA-dependent protein synthesis system. The lysate is preincubated with CaCl2 and micrococcal nuclease, and then excess ethyleneglycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-N,N′-tetraacetic acid is added to chelate the Ca2+ and inactivate the nuclease. Lysates treated in this way have negligible endogenous amino acid incorporation activity, but 75% of the activity of the original lysate can be recovered by the addition of globin mRNA. The efficiency utilisation of added mRNA and the sensitivity of the system are both very high. No residual nuclease activity could be detected, and the tRNA is functionally unimpaired. Several different species of mRNA have been shown to be translated efficiently into full-sized products of the expected molecular weight up to about 200 000, and there is no detectable accumulation of incomplete protein products. The efficient translation of RNA from two plant viruses (tobacco mosaic virus and cowpea mosaic virus) required heterologous tRNA.
TL;DR: The identity of Alamar Blue is shown as resazurin, a very simple and versatile way of measuring cell proliferation and cytotoxicity that presents numerous advantages over other cytot toxicity or proliferation tests but there are several drawbacks to the routine use.
Abstract: We show here the identity of Alamar Blue as resazurin. The 'resazurin reduction test' has been used for about 50 years to monitor bacterial and yeast contamination of milk, and also for assessing semen quality. Resazurin (blue and nonfluorescent) is reduced to resorufin (pink and highly fluorescent) which is further reduced to hydroresorufin (uncoloured and nonfluorescent). It is still not known how this reduction occurs, intracellularly via enzyme activity or in the medium as a chemical reaction, although the reduced fluorescent form of Alamar Blue was found in the cytoplasm and of living cells nucleus of dead cells. Recently, the dye has gained popularity as a very simple and versatile way of measuring cell proliferation and cytotoxicity. This dye presents numerous advantages over other cytotoxicity or proliferation tests but we observed several drawbacks to the routine use of Alamar Blue. Tests with several toxicants in different cell lines and rat primary hepatocytes have shown accumulation of the fluorescent product of Alamar Blue in the medium which could lead to an overestimation of cell population. Also, the extensive reduction of Alamar Blue by metabolically active cells led to a final nonfluorescent product, and hence an underestimation of cellular activity.
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