Forensic Science International
About: Forensic Science International is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Poison control & Population. It has an ISSN identifier of 0379-0738. Over the lifetime, 10573 publications have been published receiving 271779 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Important considerations in analytical method validation will be discussed and may be used as guidance by scientists wishing to develop and validate analytical methods.
Abstract: Reliable analytical data are a prerequisite for correct interpretation of toxicological findings in the evaluation of scientific studies, as well as in daily routine work. Unreliable analytical data might not only be contested in court, but could also lead to unjustified legal consequences for the defendant or to wrong treatment of the patient. Therefore, new analytical methods to be used in forensic and/or clinical toxicology require careful method development and thorough validation of the final method. This is especially true in the context of quality management and accreditation, which have become matters of increasing relevance in analytical toxicology in recent years. In this paper, important considerations in analytical method validation will be discussed which may be used as guidance by scientists wishing to develop and validate analytical methods.
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that an apparent mis-match between crime-stain and a suspect DNA profile does not necessarily result in an exclusion, and the duplication guideline is robust by applying a statistical theory that models three key parameters - namely the incidence of allele drop-out, laboratory contamination and stutter.
Abstract: By increasing the PCR amplification regime to 34 cycles, we have demonstrated that it is possible routinely to analyse <100 pg DNA. The success rate was not improved (without impairing quality) by increasing cycle number further. Compared to amplification of 1 ng DNA at 28 cycles, it was shown that increased imbalance of heterozygotes occurred, along with an increase in the size (peak area) of stutters. The analysis of mixtures by peak area measurement becomes increasingly difficult as the sample size is reduced. Laboratory-based contamination cannot be completely avoided, even when analysis is carried out under stringent conditions of cleanliness. A set of guidelines that utilises duplication of results to interpret profiles originating from picogram levels of DNA is introduced. We demonstrate that the duplication guideline is robust by applying a statistical theory that models three key parameters - namely the incidence of allele drop-out, laboratory contamination and stutter. The advantage of the model is that the critical levels for each parameter can be calculated. This information may be used (for example) to determine levels of contamination that can be tolerated within the strategy employed. In addition we demonstrate that interpreting one banded loci, where allele dropout could have occurred, using LR=1/2f(a) was conservative provided that the band was low in peak area. Furthermore, we demonstrate that an apparent mis-match between crime-stain and a suspect DNA profile does not necessarily result in an exclusion. The method used is complex, yet can be converted into an expert system. We envisage this to be the next step.
TL;DR: Four multi-elementary metal and metalloid quantification methods using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were developed and validated in human whole blood, plasma, urine and hair by means of a single preparation procedure for each sample, leading to approximately 10,000 analyses.
Abstract: Four multi-elementary metal and metalloid quantification methods using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were developed and validated in human whole blood, plasma, urine and hair by means of a single preparation procedure for each sample. The ICP-MS measurements were performed using a Thermo Elemental X7CCT series and PlasmaLab software without a dynamic reaction cell. With this procedure 27-32 elements can be simultaneously quantified in biological matrices: Li, Be, B, Al, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, As, Se, Rb, Sr, Mo, Pd, Ag, Cd, Sn, Sb, Te, Ba, W, Pt, Hg, Tl, Pb, Bi, U. Whole blood, plasma and urine samples (0.4 ml each) were diluted with purified water, acid, triton X100 and butanol. Rhodium was used as internal standard. The urine sample results were corrected for enzymatic creatinine determination. Twenty-five milligrams hair samples were acid mineralized after a decontamination procedure and diluted as previously described for biological fluids. To be validated, each element had to show linearity with a correlation coefficient higher than 0.99. The intra-assay and inter-assay inaccuracy, measured as the variation coefficient, were below 5 and 10% respectively. Global performance was assessed by a quality control program. Our laboratory is a registered participant of the Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec (Sainte-Foy, Canada) inter-laboratory comparison program for whole blood, urine, and beard hair of non-occupationally exposed individuals spiked with selected elements. In our study multi-element metal and metalloid analysis was assessed for 27 elements in whole blood, 27 elements in plasma, 30 elements in urine and 32 elements in hair, from 0 to 25, or 250 to 1000 ng/ml, depending on the element. Quantification limits ranged from 0.002 ng/ml (U) to 8.1 ng/ml (Al) for whole blood, from 0.002 ng/ml (U) to 7.7 ng/ml (Al) for plasma, from 0.001 ng/ml (U) to 2.2 ng/ml (Se) for urine, and from 0.2 pg/mg (Tl) to 0.5 ng/mg (B) for hair. Normal values were determined in whole blood (n=100), plasma (n=100), urine (n=100), and hair (n=45) of healthy volunteers, leading to approximately 10,000 analyses. All results are presented and discussed. Clinical toxicology and forensic toxicology applications are also reported. ICP-MS has made significant advances in the field of clinical biology, particularly in toxicological analysis. This is due to the use of extremely effective equipment that permits better clinical and forensic toxicological analysis of metal and metalloid status of each individual patient.
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