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Showing papers in "Forest Policy and Economics in 2003"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors review the ecological debate surrounding the planting of eucalyptus trees and conclude that a policy option favoring the allocation of wastelands for private tree planting offers the greatest opportunity for rural smallholders.

273 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The concept of urban forestry was developed in North America during the 1960s as an innovative approach to managing natural resources in urban environments as discussed by the authors, aiming at the integrated planning and management of all tree-based resources in cities and towns, the concept found broad support in North American after initial resistance from both foresters and urban green professionals.

243 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the scope and feasibility of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in incorporating stakeholder preferences into regional forest planning and showed that the AHP can formalise public participation in decision making and increase the transparency and the credibility of the process.

241 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the role of forest companies and landowners in granting competing forest certification programs "legitimacy" to create the rules is analyzed in eight regions in North America and Europe.

166 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the impacts of forest management and climate change on the European forest sector carbon budget between 1990 and 2050 are presented in a large-scale scenario modelling. But the authors did not consider the effect of forest managers' management on the carbon budget.

133 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors applied the theory of planned behavior in the context of Finnish non-industrial private forest owners' (NIPF) decision-making, and investigated empirically on the basis of mail inquiry data from two regions in Finland (n=154).

122 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors propose a consumer choice theory for sustainable forest management, which incorporates heterogeneity of agents, context specific and dynamics of preferences, distinction between needs and wants, and the subordination of needs.

97 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the global forest sector model EFI-GTM was applied to assess regional impacts in Europe of increased timber supply caused by potential acceleration of forest growth in Europe, and three alternative forest growth scenarios were analyzed: a base line assuming the present annual rate of growth in the European countries, and two accelerating growth scenarios corresponding to a 20 and 40% increase after 20 years in the forest growth relative to the baseline growth.

66 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a statistical comparison of Alberta-based public resource advisory groups and the general public is provided and the results are indicative of other similar studies where differences in socio-demographic characteristics and belief and values between the public and representative groups exist.

65 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, environmental impact and financial performance of tropical forest logging from the Brazilian Amazon, Guyana, and Ecuador are compared for case studies of RIL and conventional logging, and it appears that RIL can generate competitive or superior profits relative to CL if the financial costs of wood wasted in the harvesting operation are fully accounted for.

63 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined monetary willingness to accept payments for enrollment in the Forest Bank through a referendum-type survey of forest landowners in Southwestern Virginia and found that landowners are responsive to annual payment bid levels and that financially viable bid levels (relative to local land prices) may generate reasonable probabilities of Forest Bank enrollment.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a logic-based system for evaluating the sustainability of forests at regional and national levels is described, which can make evaluation of sustainability more consistent and transparent, and also make it easier to organize expert judgment about ecological, economic, social and institutional relationships.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The lack of influence of science on forest management is not a result of scientific deficiency; rather, it is a political and economic failure to implement existing forest management policies as mentioned in this paper, and therefore, there is little incentive for reform and policies regulating the use of mahogany will not be implemented.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The US National Assessment on Climate Variability and Change engaged diverse stakeholders, such as public and private decision-makers, resource and environmental managers, the general public and scientific experts in a broad national and regional dialogue about changes in climate, their impacts, and what can be done to adapt to an uncertain and continuously changing climate.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors developed an economic model of hardwood plantations in Queensland to test the feasibility of long-rotation plantations for sawlog production, and they showed that such plantations are socioeconomically justified in most Hardwood Regions, even though financial returns from timber production may be negative.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors reviewed 16 case studies where forest science influenced forest policies and identified six reasons: two reasons related to the content of research programs and four to personal characteristics of researchers, including an understanding of the policy process and how it differs from the science process; a willingness to engage in the policy arena and bear the associated risks; an adeptness at communicating early and often, matching the means and message to various audiences; and a penchant for collaboration that builds the trust essential to influence policy.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed a framework for testing roundwood market efficiency using Johansen's multivariate cointegration estimator, and three systems were estimated: (i) domestic, imported and exported sawlogs; (ii) domestic pulpwood and saw logs; and (iii) lumber exports/imports and domestic saw logs.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors combine the information from both remote sensing and forest inventory statistics in order to produce a European forest proportion map covering the area from Portugal to the Ural mountains.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the European Union has been the most important trading partner for CEE countries, even though the EU share from the external trade has been quite stable, and the gravity models estimated explained approximately 66% of the variation in volume of bilateral trade flows in EU and CEE country in 1997.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a review of the scenario studies done by EFI researchers in the past, and attempt to identify current limitations as well as future challenges in this field of research.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A practical harvest scheduling approach for multiple ownership planning that was clearly able to cluster old forest stands and simultaneously maintain a predefined cutting volume and is easy to apply in forest planning practice.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the development of standards that include elements for adaptive management that define, communicate and evaluate sustainable forest management in Costa Rica and Nicaragua is discussed. But the authors focus on the assessment of management outcomes or changes in key components of the eco- and social-systems that result from management impacts.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a new concept is emerging that considers that the economy should learn not only from the new scientific knowledge but also from the rest of the processes, such as user producer relationships and others.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a mixed-integer programming model is proposed to optimize roundwood transport and road investments on gravel roads, where the road accessibility variables need to be binary and investments in surface roads, maintenance and new roads are not included in the model.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors measured the productivity of pulp and paper industry in OECD countries over the period of 1991-2000 and calculated the Malmquist productivity index by using the nonparametric-frontier approach, and decomposed the index into two components: technical change and efficiency change.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors identify various inter-market relationships of forest products using cointegration and causality tests together and find that the two log markets and the two lumber markets are integrated, respectively.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a case study on secondary forest resource use in rural South Africa is presented, where the authors examine the role of local people in projects involving secondary forest resources use in developing countries.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed and demonstrated a new method, which allows policy makers to make forecasts on the future timber supply, based on the assumed temporal changes in the distributions of the importance of different forest management goals.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined 16 major pulp and paper companies in terms of participation in research cooperatives, expenditures on research and implementation of innovations, and the companies that spent the most on forestry research did the best job implementing research results.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors consider the potential economy-wide impacts of a forest carbon policy for the US over the next 20 years and employ a dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to simulate the scenario of a global carbon policy with and without US participation, and analyze their impacts on national economic welfare and land use distribution among different sectors in the US.