Fuel Processing Technology
About: Fuel Processing Technology is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Coal & Catalysis. It has an ISSN identifier of 0378-3820. Over the lifetime, 6789 publication(s) have been published receiving 242895 citation(s).
25 Jun 2005-Fuel Processing Technology
Abstract: Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel that is produced from vegetable oils and animal fats. It consists of the monoalkyl esters formed by a catalyzed reaction of the triglycerides in the oil or fat with a simple monohydric alcohol. The reaction conditions generally involve a trade-off between reaction time and temperature as reaction completeness is the most critical fuel quality parameter. Much of the process complexity originates from contaminants in the feedstock, such as water and free fatty acids, or impurities in the final product, such as methanol, free glycerol, and soap. Processes have been developed to produce biodiesel from high free fatty acid feedstocks, such as recycled restaurant grease, animal fats, and soapstock.
25 Jun 2005-Fuel Processing Technology
Abstract: Biodiesel, defined as the mono-alkyl esters of vegetable oils or animal fats, is an “alternative” diesel fuel that is becoming accepted in a steadily growing number of countries around the world. Since the source of biodiesel varies with the location and other sources such as recycled oils are continuously gaining interest, it is important to possess data on how the various fatty acid profiles of the different sources can influence biodiesel fuel properties. The properties of the various individual fatty esters that comprise biodiesel determine the overall fuel properties of the biodiesel fuel. In turn, the properties of the various fatty esters are determined by the structural features of the fatty acid and the alcohol moieties that comprise a fatty ester. Structural features that influence the physical and fuel properties of a fatty ester molecule are chain length, degree of unsaturation, and branching of the chain. Important fuel properties of biodiesel that are influenced by the fatty acid profile and, in turn, by the structural features of the various fatty esters are cetane number and ultimately exhaust emissions, heat of combustion, cold flow, oxidative stability, viscosity, and lubricity.
01 Mar 1998-Fuel Processing Technology
Abstract: Properties of biomass relevant to combustion are briefly reviewed. The compositions of biomass among fuel types are variable, especially with respect to inorganic constituents important to the critical problems of fouling and slagging. Alkali and alkaline earth metals, in combination with other fuel elements such as silica and sulfur, and facilitated by the presence of chlorine, are responsible for many undesirable reactions in combustion furnaces and power boilers. Reductions in the concentrations of alkali metals and chlorine, created by leaching the elements from the fuel with water, yield remarkable improvements in ash fusion temperatures and confirm much of what is suggested regarding the nature of fouling by biomass fuels. Other influences of biomass composition are observed for the rates of combustion and pollutant emissions. Standardized engineering practices setting out protocols of analysis and interpretation may prove useful in reducing unfavorable impacts and industry costs, and further development is encouraged.
13 Nov 2001-Fuel Processing Technology
Abstract: Biomass gasification is a possible alternative to the direct use of fossil fuel energy. Biomass, a CO2 neutral source of renewable fuel, can contribute to the demand for heat, electricity and synthesis gas. However, there are inefficiencies in the technology, which at present render biomass gasification economically unviable. The presence of condensable organic compounds and methane in the product gas renders the gas unsuitable for specific applications. Elimination of the condensable organic compounds and methane by a suitably cheap technology will enhance the economic viability of biomass gasification. This paper contains an extensive literature review of the three main groups of catalysts, which have been evaluated for the elimination of these hydrocarbons. These three groups of catalysts are dolomite, alkali metals and nickel.
01 May 2006-Fuel Processing Technology
Abstract: Hydrogen production plays a very important role in the development of hydrogen economy. One of the promising hydrogen production approaches is conversion from biomass, which is abundant, clean and renewable. Alternative thermochemical (pyrolysis and gasification) and biological (biophotolysis, water–gas shift reaction and fermentation) processes can be practically applied to produce hydrogen. This paper gives an overview of these technologies for hydrogen production from biomass. The future development will also be addressed.