Geomatics and Environmental Engineering
AGH University of Science and Technology
About: Geomatics and Environmental Engineering is an academic journal published by AGH University of Science and Technology. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Real estate & Cadastre. It has an ISSN identifier of 1898-1135. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 495 publications have been published receiving 1158 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyze topographical and geological settings in the Japan Archipelago for comparative raster data processing using GRASS GIS, using shell scripting using a sequence of GRASS modules: ‘d.shade’ for relief mapping, ‘r.aspect’; for modelling based on DEM, “r.contour” for plotting isolines, and auxiliary modules (d.vect, d.grid, drast, d.,legend).
Abstract: This article analyzes topographical and geological settings in the Japan Archipelago for comparative raster data processing using GRASS GIS. Data include bathymetric and geological grids in NetCDF format: GEBCO, EMAG2, GlobSed, marine free-air gravity anomaly and EGM96. Data were imported to GRASS by gdalwarp utility of GDAL and projected via PROJ library. Methodology includes data processing (projecting and import), mapping and spatial analysis. Visualization was done by shell scripting using a sequence of GRASS modules: ‘d.shade’ for relief mapping, ‘r.slope.aspect’; for modelling based on DEM, ‘r.contour’ for plotting isolines, ‘r.mapcalc’ for classification, ‘r.category’ for associating labels, and auxiliary modules (d.vect, d.rast, d.grid, d.legend).The results of the geophysical visualization show that marine free-air gravitational anomalies vary in the Sea of Japan (–30 to above 40 mGal) reflecting density inhomogeneities of the tectonic structure, and correlating with the geological structure of the seafloor. Dominating values of geoid model are 30–45 m reflecting West Pacific rise, determined by deep density inhomogeneities associated with the mantle convention. Sediment thickness varies across the sea reflecting its geological development with density of 2 km in its deepest part and thinner in central part (Yamato Rise). The aspect map and reclassified map express gradient of the steepest descent.
TL;DR: In this paper, an assessment of the noise nuisance of a fragment of the city of Bydgoszcz, a city located in the northern part of Poland, which had undergone changes connected with transportation, was carried out in the work.
Abstract: Road transport in cities is one of the main sources of air and noise pollution, lowering the attractiveness of areas of sensitivity, influencing the quality of life and the ability to meet the basic needs of users. The reconstruction of the existing road network and introduction of a new, alternative type of transport can radically change the acoustic conditions occurring in a city. As a result of this, an assessment of the noise nuisance of a fragment of the city of Bydgoszcz – a city located in the northern part of Poland – which had undergone changes connected with transportation, was carried out in the work. The influence of a newly-built tram route “Bydgoszcz-Fordon” on the acoustic conditions occurring in its surroundings was assessed. The studies were carried out in two periods of time (2012 and 2019), corresponding to various spatial states of the terrain. The results confirm that the introduction of an alternative transport solution contributed to a decrease in the level of road traffic noise. This occurs as a result of improved road conditions on modernized road segments, the integration of transportation networks and a decrease in the share of individual road vehicle transport. It was also confirmed that a well-designed tram route can influence changes in transportation habits of users and have a positive effect on the attractiveness of residential areas. This is in line with the concept of sustainable urban transport.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a multi-layered air pollution dispersion model simulating the impact of time-varying meteorological parameters on the transport of pollutants.
Abstract: In Poland, as well as in the whole world, advanced pollution dispersion models are playing an increasingly important role, as they take into account the diversity of terrain relief and land use in calculations in the adopted computational grid. One of them is the CALPUFF modeling system, which is a multi-layered air pollution dispersion model simulating the impact of time-varying meteorological parameters on the transport of pollutants. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), in their guidelines on air quality modeling, prefer using this model to assess the transport of pollutants over long distances . This model is supported by a group of geophysical preprocessors preparing terrain information and meteorological preprocessors, as well as a meteorological processor CALMET [2, 3]. CALMET / CALPUFF software is being systematically developed and improved, as evidenced by the approval of the upgrade from version 5.8 to version 5.8.4 by the EPA on the 4
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the emergence of an external patchwork, which is a very negative phenomenon considering that the distance between the plots of a given owner and his or her place of residence increases, which means that the cost of gett ing to the plots grows as well causing the income and profi t of the farmer to dwindle.
Abstract: The spatial layout of the countryside in south-eastern Poland is the result of socio-economic, historic and demographic processes. The population inhabiting the Podkarpackie voivodship mainly lives in rural areas. It is therefore necessary to make investments in the social and technical infrastructure of the countryside so as to improve the living conditions of the locals. Plots belonging to individual owners are very often situated within the so-called patchwork layout which means that they are scatt ered between the plots belonging to other owners. Such plots can be located within the area of the locality in which their owner lives and in this case one can talk about an intra-village patchwork, whereas if the owner lives outside of the area of the village in which he owns lots, one can talk about an inter-village patchworks, also referred to as an external patchwork . The households owning lands in the external patchwork are called “różniczanie” in Polish, meaning out-of-village ownership. The emergence of an external patchwork is a very negative phenomenon considering that the distance between the plots of a given owner and his or her place of residence increases, which means that the cost of gett ing to the plots grows as well causing the income and profi t of the farmer to dwindle . The process in which a land patchwork comes into being is highly complicated. It has to do with social and economical changes, as well as with demographic development and original sett lement. One of its main causes is the fact of succession and inheriting land. As a result of dividing the property, plots were subdivided into smaller areas and passed on to the heirs. The situation of land in relation to the main household centre is an important factor determining the land layout in a given