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JournalISSN: 0018-926X

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 

About: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Antenna (radio) & Dipole antenna. It has an ISSN identifier of 0018-926X. Over the lifetime, 22041 publication(s) have been published receiving 818022 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Kane Yee1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Maxwell's equations are replaced by a set of finite difference equations. It is shown that if one chooses the field points appropriately, the set of finite difference equations is applicable for a boundary condition involving perfectly conducting surfaces. An example is given of the scattering of an electromagnetic pulse by a perfectly conducting cylinder.

13,304 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Processing the signals received on an array of sensors for the location of the emitter is of great enough interest to have been treated under many special case assumptions. The general problem considers sensors with arbitrary locations and arbitrary directional characteristics (gain/phase/polarization) in a noise/interference environment of arbitrary covariance matrix. This report is concerned first with the multiple emitter aspect of this problem and second with the generality of solution. A description is given of the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm, which provides asymptotically unbiased estimates of 1) number of incident wavefronts present; 2) directions of arrival (DOA) (or emitter locations); 3) strengths and cross correlations among the incident waveforms; 4) noise/interference strength. Examples and comparisons with methods based on maximum likelihood (ML) and maximum entropy (ME), as well as conventional beamforming are included. An example of its use as a multiple frequency estimator operating on time series is included.

11,499 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The electric field integral equation (EFIE) is used with the moment method to develop a simple and efficient numerical procedure for treating problems of scattering by arbitrarily shaped objects. For numerical purposes, the objects are modeled using planar triangular surfaces patches. Because the EFIE formulation is used, the procedure is applicable to both open and closed surfaces. Crucial to the numerical formulation is the development of a set of special subdomain-type basis functions which are defined on pairs of adjacent triangular patches and yield a current representation free of line or point charges at subdomain boundaries. The method is applied to the scattering problems of a plane wave illuminated flat square plate, bent square plate, circular disk, and sphere. Excellent correspondence between the surface current computed via the present method and that obtained via earlier approaches or exact formulations is demonstrated in each case.

4,499 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A study of boundary conditions is presented indicating the invisible wall technique outperforms absorbing and reflecting wall techniques and is integrated into a representative example of optimization of a profiled corrugated horn antenna.
Abstract: The particle swarm optimization (PSO), new to the electromagnetics community, is a robust stochastic evolutionary computation technique based on the movement and intelligence of swarms. This paper introduces a conceptual overview and detailed explanation of the PSO algorithm, as well as how it can be used for electromagnetic optimizations. This paper also presents several results illustrating the swarm behavior in a PSO algorithm developed by the authors at UCLA specifically for engineering optimizations (UCLA-PSO). Also discussed is recent progress in the development of the PSO and the special considerations needed for engineering implementation including suggestions for the selection of parameter values. Additionally, a study of boundary conditions is presented indicating the invisible wall technique outperforms absorbing and reflecting wall techniques. These concepts are then integrated into a representative example of optimization of a profiled corrugated horn antenna.

2,004 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
L.J. Griffiths1, C. Jim1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: A beamforming structure is presented which can be used to implement a wide variety of linearly constrained adaptive array processors and is shown to incorporate algorithms which have been suggested previously for use in adaptive beamforming as well as to include new approaches.
Abstract: A beamforming structure is presented which can be used to implement a wide variety of linearly constrained adaptive array processors. The structure is designed for use with arrays which have been time-delay steered such that the desired signal of interest appears approximately in phase at the steered outputs. One major advantage of the new structure is the constraints can be implemented using simple hardware differencing amplifiers. The structure is shown to incorporate algorithms which have been suggested previously for use in adaptive beamforming as well as to include new approaches. It is also particularly useful for studying the effects of steering errors on array performance. Numerical examples illustrating the performance of the structure are presented.

1,879 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
2021925
2020897
2019850
2018881
2017871
2016682