Iet Image Processing
Institution of Engineering and Technology
About: Iet Image Processing is an academic journal published by Institution of Engineering and Technology. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Computer science & Image segmentation. It has an ISSN identifier of 1751-9659. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 2800 publications have been published receiving 30502 citations. The journal is also known as: Institution of Engineering and Technology image processing & Image processing.
Topics: Computer science, Image segmentation, Artificial intelligence, Feature extraction, Segmentation
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The concept of matched filtering is improved, and the proposed blood vessel segmentation approach is at least comparable with recent state-of-the-art methods, and outperforms most of them with an accuracy of 95% evaluated on the new database.
Abstract: Automatic assessment of retinal vessels plays an important role in the diagnosis of various eye, as well as systemic diseases. A public screening is highly desirable for prompt and effective treatment, since such diseases need to be diagnosed at an early stage. Automated and accurate segmentation of the retinal blood vessel tree is one of the challenging tasks in the computer-aided analysis of fundus images today. We improve the concept of matched filtering, and propose a novel and accurate method for segmenting retinal vessels. Our goal is to be able to segment blood vessels with varying vessel diameters in high-resolution colour fundus images. All recent authors compare their vessel segmentation results to each other using only low-resolution retinal image databases. Consequently, we provide a new publicly available high-resolution fundus image database of healthy and pathological retinas. Our performance evaluation shows that the proposed blood vessel segmentation approach is at least comparable with recent state-of-the-art methods. It outperforms most of them with an accuracy of 95% evaluated on the new database.
TL;DR: Experimental results on multi-focus and multi-modal image sets demonstrate that the ASR-based fusion method can outperform the conventional SR-based method in terms of both visual quality and objective assessment.
Abstract: In this study, a novel adaptive sparse representation (ASR) model is presented for simultaneous image fusion and denoising. As a powerful signal modelling technique, sparse representation (SR) has been successfully employed in many image processing applications such as denoising and fusion. In traditional SR-based applications, a highly redundant dictionary is always needed to satisfy signal reconstruction requirement since the structures vary significantly across different image patches. However, it may result in potential visual artefacts as well as high computational cost. In the proposed ASR model, instead of learning a single redundant dictionary, a set of more compact sub-dictionaries are learned from numerous high-quality image patches which have been pre-classified into several corresponding categories based on their gradient information. At the fusion and denoising processes, one of the sub-dictionaries is adaptively selected for a given set of source image patches. Experimental results on multi-focus and multi-modal image sets demonstrate that the ASR-based fusion method can outperform the conventional SR-based method in terms of both visual quality and objective assessment.
TL;DR: Automatic ABCD scoring of dermoscopy lesions is implemented and the experimental results show that the extracted features can be used to build a promising classifier for melanoma detection.
Abstract: The ABCD (asymmetry, border irregularity, colour and dermoscopic structure) rule of dermoscopy is a scoring method used by dermatologists to quantify dermoscopy findings and effectively separate melanoma from benign lesions. Automatic detection of the ABCD features and separation of benign lesions from melanoma could enable earlier detection of melanoma. In this study, automatic ABCD scoring of dermoscopy lesions is implemented. Pre-processing enables automatic detection of hair using Gabor filters and lesion boundaries using geodesic active contours. Algorithms are implemented to extract the characteristics of ABCD attributes. Methods used here combine existing methods with novel methods to detect colour asymmetry and dermoscopic structures. To classify lesions as melanoma or benign nevus, the total dermoscopy score is calculated. The experimental results, using 200 dermoscopic images, where 80 are malignant melanomas and 120 benign lesions, show that the algorithm achieves 91.25% sensitivity of 91.25 and 95.83% specificity. This is comparable to the 92.8% sensitivity and 90.3% specificity reported for human implementation of the ABCD rule. The experimental results show that the extracted features can be used to build a promising classifier for melanoma detection.
TL;DR: A novel image enhancement method, named CLAHE-discrete wavelet transform (DWT), which combines the CLAHE with DWT, and performs well in detail preservation and noise suppression.
Abstract: Image enhancement has an important role in image processing applications. Contrast limited adaptive histogram equalisation (CLAHE) is an effective algorithm to enhance the local details of an image. However, it faces the contrast overstretching and noise enhancement problems. To solve these problems, this study presents a novel image enhancement method, named CLAHE-discrete wavelet transform (DWT), which combines the CLAHE with DWT. The new method includes three main steps: First, the original image is decomposed into low-frequency and high-frequency components by DWT. Then, the authors enhance the low-frequency coefficients using CLAHE and keep the high-frequency coefficients unchanged to limit noise enhancement. This is because the high-frequency component corresponds to the detail information and contains most noises of original image. Finally, reconstruct the image by taking inverse DWT of the new coefficients. To alleviate over-enhancement, the reconstructed and original images are averaged using an originally proposed weighting factor. The weighting operation can control the enhancement levels of regions with different luminances in original image adaptively. This is important because bright parts of image are usually needless to be enhanced in comparison with the dark parts. Extensive experiments show that this method performs well in detail preservation and noise suppression.
TL;DR: This study presents a robust block-based image watermarking scheme based on the singular value decomposition (SVD) and human visual system in the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) domain that outperformed several previous schemes in terms of imperceptibility and robustness.
Abstract: Digital watermarking has been suggested as a way to achieve digital protection. The aim of digital watermarking is to insert the secret data into the image without significantly affecting the visual quality. This study presents a robust block-based image watermarking scheme based on the singular value decomposition (SVD) and human visual system in the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) domain. The proposed method is considered to be a block-based scheme that utilises the entropy and edge entropy as HVS characteristics for the selection of significant blocks to embed the watermark, which is a binary watermark logo. The blocks of the lowest entropy values and edge entropy values are selected as the best regions to insert the watermark. After the first level of DWT decomposition, the SVD is performed on the low-low sub-band to modify several elements in its U matrix according to predefined conditions. The experimental results of the proposed scheme showed high imperceptibility and high robustness against all image processing attacks and several geometrical attacks using examples of standard and real images. Furthermore, the proposed scheme outperformed several previous schemes in terms of imperceptibility and robustness. The security issue is improved by encrypting a portion of the important information using Advanced Standard Encryption a key size of 192-bits (AES-192).