Iet Microwaves Antennas & Propagation
Institution of Engineering and Technology
About: Iet Microwaves Antennas & Propagation is an academic journal published by Institution of Engineering and Technology. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Antenna (radio) & Microstrip antenna. It has an ISSN identifier of 1751-8725. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 3734 publications have been published receiving 54274 citations. The journal is also known as: IET microwaves, antennas and propagation & Microwaves, antennas and propagation.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors provide an overview of the recent advances in the modelling, design and technological implementation of SIW structures and components, as well as their application in the development of circuits and components operating in the microwave and millimetre wave region.
Abstract: Substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) technology represents an emerging and very promising candidate for the development of circuits and components operating in the microwave and millimetre-wave region. SIW structures are generally fabricated by using two rows of conducting cylinders or slots embedded in a dielectric substrate that connects two parallel metal plates, and permit the implementation of classical rectangular waveguide components in planar form, along with printed circuitry, active devices and antennas. This study aims to provide an overview of the recent advances in the modelling, design and technological implementation of SIW structures and components.
TL;DR: In this paper, the ridge gap waveguide is used to verify the large bandwidth and low losses of the quasi-transverse electromagnetic (TEM) mode propagating along the guiding ridge.
Abstract: This study describes the design and experimental verification of the ridge gap waveguide, appearing in the gap between parallel metal plates. One of the plates has a texture in the form of a wave-guiding metal ridge surrounded by metal posts. The latter posts, referred to as a pin surface or bed of nails, are designed to give a stopband for the normal parallel-plate modes between 10 and 23 GHz. The hardware demonstrator includes two 90 bends and two capacitive coupled coaxial transitions enabling measurements with a vector network analyser (VNA). The measured results verify the large bandwidth and low losses of the quasi-transverse electromagnetic (TEM) mode propagating along the guiding ridge, and that 90 bends can be designed in the same way as for microstrip lines. The demonstrator is designed for use around 15 GHz. Still, the ridge gap waveguide is more advantageous for frequencies above 30 GHz, because it can be realised entirely from metal using milling or moulding, and there are no requirements for conducting joints between the two plates that otherwise is a problem when realising conventional hollow waveguides.
TL;DR: In this paper, the bandwidth of gap waveguide is determined by the cut-off bandwidth of a parallel-plate waveguide where one surface has such a texture and no ridges or strips.
Abstract: Recently it has been shown that so-called gap waveguides can be generated in the gap between parallel metal plates The gap waveguides are formed by metal ridges or strips along which local waves propagate, and parallel plate modes are prohibited from propagating by providing one of the surfaces with a texture that generates an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) or an electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) surface on both sides of the ridges or strips The bandwidth of the gap waveguide is determined by the cut-off bandwidth of a parallel-plate waveguide where one surface has such a texture (and no ridges or strips) This paper studies the bandwidths (or stop bands) of such parallel-plate cut-offs when the AMC or EBG is realised by a metal pin surface, corrugations or a mushroom surface It is shown that cut-off bandwidths of up to 4:1 are potentially available, and thereby similar bandwidths should be achievable also for gap waveguides
TL;DR: In this article, an innovative approach for the synthesis of time-modulated linear array (TMLA) antennas is presented, where the switch-on instants of the time modulated elements are taken into account as additional degrees of freedom to optimise the array pattern.
Abstract: In this study, an innovative approach for the synthesis of time-modulated linear array (TMLA) antennas is presented. The switch-on instants of the time-modulated elements are taken into account as additional degrees of freedom to optimise the array pattern. Towards this end, a technique based on a particle swarm optimisation is proposed to fully exploit the dependence of the sideband radiations (SR) on the shift of the time pulses. A set of representative results are reported to assess the effectiveness of the proposed approach as well as its flexibility.
TL;DR: The measurement results suggest that the RDS of UWB signals can serve as a robust and computationally efficient indicator of the LOS/NLOS nature of propagation, and demonstrate the efficacy of the discussed NLOS identification method in a location-tracking application based on indoor UWB measurements.
Abstract: Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) propagation can severely degrade the reliability of communication and localisation accuracy in indoor ultra-wideband (UWB) ‘location-aware’ networks. Link adaptation and NLOS bias mitigation techniques have respectively been proposed to alleviate these effects, but implicitly rely on the ability to accurately distinguish between LOS and NLOS propagation scenarios. A statistical NLOS identification technique based on the hypothesis-testing of received signal parameters in UWB propagation channels is discussed. In contrast to narrowband and wideband signals, UWB signals possess higher temporal resolution and robustness to multipath fading. We show that these characteristics result in differences in the statistics of (a) the time-of-arrival (TOA), (b) the received signal strength (RSS) and (c) the root-mean-squared delay spread (RDS) of the received signals, between LOS and NLOS propagation scenarios, which can be exploited for accurate channel identification. We statistically characterise the ability of TOA, RSS and RDS estimates to distinguish between LOS and NLOS propagation based on an extensive indoor measurement campaign. Our measurement results suggest that the RDS of UWB signals can, even in isolation and without complete statistical information, serve as a robust and computationally efficient indicator of the LOS/NLOS nature of propagation. Finally, we demonstrate the efficacy of the discussed NLOS identification method in a location-tracking application based on indoor UWB measurements.