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Showing papers in "Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development in 2019"



Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A novel technique using mathematical analysis to predict and enhance the better models of brain tumor detection is proposed and will be used to diagnose the patient's brain tumor with good accuracy success rate.
Abstract: Tumor is one of the most prevalentdiseases in the brain. It is the reason why the diagnosis and treatment of the brain tumor have critical importance. MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) is a scientific maneuver used to produce a computerized image of internal body tissue. MRI image is a diagnostic approach is used for detection ofa brain tumor and classifies it as atype malignant and benign. There aredifferent processes to detect the brain tumor. Image processing, feature extraction, and many algorithms havebeen implemented for the detection of brain tumor, but a convincing and accurate technique to detect thetumor'sprecise position and to diagnose in minimal time is in great need. The execution and complexity involved in the medical image segmentation process are enhanced by applying feature extraction techniques and mathematical models. Furthermore, to improve the accuracy and performance of detection of brain tumor using existing Artificial Neural Network and Naive Bayes Classifier, In this article we propose a novel technique using mathematical analysis to predict and enhance the better models. The proposed method has been implementedfor detecting the type of brain tumor and its specific location in the brain. The proposed system will be used to diagnose the patient's brain tumor with goodaccuracy success rate.

36 citations






Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The article highlights both the positive and negative effects of a gluten-free diet on the human body.
Abstract: This article discusses the effects of a gluten-free diet on the human body suffering from various diseases (celiac disease, autism, allergies). The article highlights both the positive and negative effects of a gluten-free diet on the human body. In addition, the article provides a brief overview of gluten-free food technologies (confectionery, bakery products).

28 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The study revealed that the number of male patients was lesser than of females in both Al-Iskan and Al-Harthiyya District and the age groups that range 1–5 years as well as those 11–15 years are more infected with sickle cell anemia in the latter district.
Abstract: The results show that the number of patients in Al-Iskan District surpassed that in Al-Harthiyya. Moreover, in studying the spread of Malaria disease and its relation to Sickle cell anemia, it has been noticed that patients infected with Malaria were more prone to have sickle cell anemia as in reflected in the high level of infected patients in Al-Iskan District. In investigation the relation between the patient's gender and this type of anemia, the study revealed that the number of male patients was lesser than of females in both Al-Iskan and Al-Harthiyya District. The study also revealed that majority of patients with sickle cell anemia are with in age group that ranges 11–25 years in Al-Iskan, While the results were different concerning Al-Harthiyya patients. The age groups that range 1–5 years as well as those 11–15 years are more infected with sickle cell anemia in the latter district.

27 citations





Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This research suggests a unique structure, called NetSpam, which uses spam attributes for modeling testimonial datasets as heterogeneous information networks to map spam detection treatment right into a classification trouble in such networks.
Abstract: In recent days, a large component of people relies on readily available material in social networks in their choices (e.g. testimonials and also comments on a subject or item). The opportunity that anyone can leave a testimonial supply a gold possibility for spammers to create spam testimonials concerning product or services for a variable rate of interests. Determining these spammers and also the spam web content is a warm subject of research study and also although a substantial variety of research studies have actually been done just recently towards this end, however up until now the approaches presented still hardly find spam evaluations, and also none reveal the relevance of each drawn out function kind. In this research, we suggest a unique structure, called NetSpam, which uses spam attributes for modeling testimonial datasets as heterogeneous information networks to map spam detection treatment right into a classification trouble in such networks. Utilizing the significance of spam attributes aid us to acquire much better cause regards to various metrics explored on real-world testimonial datasets from Yelp as well as Amazon.com internet sites. The outcomes reveal that NetSpam outshines the existing approaches and also amongst 4 groups of functions; consisting of review-behavioral, user-behavioral, evaluation etymological, individual-etymological, the remainder kind of attributes does much better than the various other classifications. It additionally concentrates on providing the current improvements in both wearable and also implantable innovations. In addition, this paper deals with the challenges that exist in the different Open Solutions Affiliation (OSI) layers and also shows future research study locations worrying about the usage of cordless sensors in healthcare applications.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Although this research was not significant due to certain factors, further research could be done on this topic to further establish the relation between humans and pets.
Abstract: Introduction: Lung function tests have been gradually used in evaluating the harshness of obstructive airway disease and also in assessing the outcome of various healing routines and providing an improved understanding of pulmonary physiology. The main aim of this study is to assess the pulmonary function in pet owners. Materials and Method: People were selected randomly. The subjects were of varying age groups. Then individuals were divided into 2 groups. One group of individuals were pet owners while the other group consisted of individuals who do not own any pets. Each group consists of 30 individuals. The readings were obtained using peak flow meter. Readings were recorded and calculated. Result: The mean and standard deviation were calculated for both pet owners and healthy individuals. In the control group, the values of the males were found to be 440±15.51. In females the value was found to be 414.70±23.25. In the pet owners group the value of male pet owners were found to be 425.38±59.38. In females the value was found to be 377.64±64.64. The values of pet owners were significantly less compared to the control group consisting of non- pet owners. Conclusion: Although this research was not significant due to certain factors, further research could be done on this topic to further establish the relation between humans and pets.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Teenagers are more prone to ingrown toenails than any other age groups and this disease can be easily avoided by maintaining the hygiene of the feet and by wearing proper fitting shoes.
Abstract: Introduction: An ingrown toenail, also called as onychocryptosis, is one of the most common disorders of the toe. It is described as the extension of the side of the nail inside the nail bed which causes bleeding, sharp pain and possible infection can occur. The main causes of this condition are any injury to the nail, bacterial infection of the nail bed or wearing tight fitting shoes on a daily basis. The aim of this research is to check the status of ingrown toenails in an area. Materials and Method: 26 people ranging from the age 12 to 60 who have had ingrown toenail in the past or had ingrown toenail during the time of data collection were included. Their preferred type of footwear, occupation, treatment taken, places visited often before the condition developed were recorded and the cause of their disorder was deduced. Based on these data, the methods to prevent ingrown toenails were deduced. Result: Teenagers are more prone to ingrown toenails than any other age groups. Stage 1 was the most common type of ingrown toenail. Out of the people who had ingrown toenails, most of them wore poorly fitting shoes. Trauma to the nail was the most common cause of ingrown toenail. Conservative Therapy was the most common type of treatment for ingrown toenails. Conclusion: Ingrown toenail is one of the most common nail disorders. Since teenagers are the most agile group, they are more prone to the disease. This disease can be easily avoided by maintaining the hygiene of the feet and by wearing proper fitting shoes.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the correlation between transactional leadership and training program both partially and jointly on employees' work motivation of XWJ Factory and it was done at XwJ Factory.
Abstract: This study is aimed to find out how to building employees’ mental health with the correlation between the transactional leadership and training program both partially and jointly on employees’ work motivation of XWJ Factory and it was done at XWJ Factory. The method of the study used was the quantitative method with a descriptive approach. The data collection technique was done by giving questionnaires to 80 respondents who were sampled from populations of 100 employees, and the analysis technique used was multiple linear regression analysis which is aimed to calculate the magnitude of the regression coefficient to show the correlation between the transactional leadership and training program variables on employees’ work motivation. This study has some results, such as a) transactional leadership has a significant correlation with employees’ work motivation, b) training program has a significant correlation with employees work motivation, c) transactional leadership and training program have a significant correlation with employees’ work motivation at XWJ Factory.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The information is scattered and to source them and compile them into a single article could help the medical practitioners and healthcare workers to understand what this country has been through in the past and what reforms have to be made by them, the community and the government in preventing such outbreaks in the future.
Abstract: India has encountered several epidemics and pandemics throughout history. This review article talks about such outbreaks known to have occurred in the 19th-21st century and are arranged in accordance to chronology. For this review, a variety of sources were used by searching through PubMed, NCBI and several others. Different forms of prints such as books, websites, and journals were used as references in this article. The necessity to review this title is because the information is scattered and to source them and compile them into a single article could help the medical practitioners and healthcare workers to understand what this country has been through in the past and what reforms have to be made by them, the community and the government in preventing such outbreaks in the future.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The obtained results pave a way towards the development of a low cost portable drug delivery system that can be installed in ambulances/ICU/CCU and to transfer the vital parameters of the patient to the doctor.
Abstract: Quite often, we see patients dying due to non-availability of doctor on site or because the person on site is not authorized to administer any drug without the recommendation of a qualified doctor. Therefore, to get a doctor's prescription, either the doctor is called telephonically or the readings of the vital sign monitor, installed (if any) in ambulances, are described to the doctor by the person attending on the patient. The drawback of telephonic communication is that the doctor cannot actually see the monitor and he has to rely on the attendant for the information and further for administering the drug. In such cases, the patient may suffer due to communication errors between the doctor and the attendant. As such, there is a need for smart and secure technology which can enable quick and easy virtual access of doctor to the patient in real time. The present paper reports on the development of a fully integrated system, i.e. Smart and Portable Intensive Care Unit (SPICU) that would provide a REAL TIME ACCESS of the vital parameters of a patient to the concerned doctor at a remote location, in an easy and convenient manner i.e. on his Smart Phone. In turn, the doctor can easily monitor Vital Signs of the patient in real time and inject life-saving medicines at required time duration from a remote location. In this paper the working model of a low-cost multi-syringe infusion pump is described. The reported infusion pump would enable a doctor to deliver drug(s) from remote location. The obtained results pave a way towards the development of a low cost portable drug delivery system that can be installed in ambulances/ICU/CCU and to transfer the vital parameters of the patient to the doctor.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors aimed to find out the prior description of lecturers' performance of Indonesia private higher education and found that 85% of the lecturer stated themselves have effective and efficient performances.
Abstract: The quality of higher education is largely determined by the quality of lecturers, one of which is determined by their performances. This research is aimed to find out the prior description of the lecturers’ performance of Indonesia private higher education. The method of the study used was descriptive qualitative. The entire population of the study were the lecturers in Indonesia. The sampling technique was cluster random sampling, and the research sample were the lecturers at private higher education in East Jakarta, as many as 400 lecturers. The results of the research were: (1) 85% of the lecturer stated themselves have effective and efficient performances; (2) 89% of the lecturers stated themselves have high responsibility, (3) 85% of the lecturers stated themselves having high discipline, and (4) 85% of the lectures stated themselves having a very good initiative. The implication of this study is the importance of institutional higher education regulation that meets the by maximising the lecturers’ empowerment model is the key to the realization of better education quality and create healthy work culture. Keywords: lecturers, performance, private higher education


Journal Article
TL;DR: The researcher found that a special study in the large proportion of cervical region pain in disability of the staff in the administrative side and who practice their work for long hours in accordance with the mechanical indicators vital, it has a significant role in increasing hours of daily production.
Abstract: The feeling of pain is a global problem since long ages have passed and are still going on to this day, if we look at how much they distract from daily painkillers for the purpose of alleviating the pain among those suffering from. There are many therapeutic methods used in the treatment of pain or reduce it according to the theories developed according to the foundations of scientifically to reduce the suffering and solving modern pain problems, science of biomechanics is one of the most important modern methods considered in the study of the causes of pain and finding appropriate solutions to ease the pain or remove it by dealing with the human body structure, so the researcher found that a special study in the large proportion of cervical region pain in disability of the staff in the administrative side and who practice their work for long hours in accordance with the mechanical indicators vital, it has a significant role in increasing hours of daily production.






Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors used technical programming to study the comparison between the Iraqi and foreign model to reach the important differences in the development of motor performance, and they found significant differences between the two models in the rotation angle variable and the quantitative speed.
Abstract: Expert systems are essential for the development of the educational and training process, which helps in the development of many training requirements, as it depends on mathematical analysis to solve a problem. Therefore, the use of technical programming to study the comparison between the Iraqi and foreign model to reach the important differences in the development of motor performance. The researchers used the technical programming in the comparative descriptive approach to suit the nature of the research procedures, and the researchers found that there are significant differences between the Iraqi and foreign model in the rotation angle variable and the quantitative speed.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The anti-fungal activity of Ruta graveolens methanolic extract was evaluated by determining the zone of inhibition against fungi and was very highly active against Aspergillus fumigatus.
Abstract: Ruta graveolens (the common rue) has been used for various therapeutic purposes, including relief of rheumatism and treatment of circulatory disorder. The purpose of our research were analysis of the bioactive chemical compounds of selected medicinal plant of Ruta graveolens using fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer analysis and evaluation of anti-fungal activity. Thirteen bioactive compounds were identified in the methanolic extract of Ruta graveolens. The Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer analysis of Ruta graveolens proved the presence of alkenes, alkanes, and alkyl halides which shows major peaks at 667.37, 873.75, 921.97, 1004.91, 1014.56, 1242.16, 1317.38, 1595.13, 1614.42, 2330.01, 2357.01, 3228.84 and 3282.84. In the current study, the anti-fungal activity of Ruta graveolens methanolic extract was evaluated by determining the zone of inhibition against fungi. Ruta graveolens was very highly active against Aspergillus fumigatus (5.39±0.21).

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of creative writing instruction on FOCUS strategy in developing the habits of the mind for the fifth grade students was identified, and the zero hypothesis was established that there is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) among the average of the students of the experimental group, the average score of the student of the control group who will study according to the usual method.
Abstract: This study aims to identify the effect of creative writing instruction on FOCUS strategy in developing the habits of the mind for the Fifth grade students. In order to achieve the goal, the researcher put the zero hypothesis, which states: There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) among the average of the students of the experimental group, the average score of the students of the control group who will study according to the usual method in the test habits of the mind, and to verify the application of her experience in the first half of the academic year (2018–2019). The sample consisted of (65) students of the Fifth grade in Al-A'MIL secondary school, they distributed randomly, (33) students in the experimental group and (32) students of the control group. The two groups were rewarded in the following variables: age, IQ, and linguistic ability test. The researcher prepared a measure of the habits of the mind based on Costa & Kellick, 2005, the researcher constructed the paragraphs of the habits of the mind in the form of positions and each position containing four alternatives to answer and the number of positions sixteen positions.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of picture strip stories on reading comprehension of Iraqi EFL students were investigated using a quantitative research method and the results showed that picture strip story activity was better than the recommended teaching in both the overall achievement and reading comprehension items.
Abstract: The samples of the study were randomly selected from the second intermediate school students. The study adopted a pretest treatment-post-test design. The first hypothesis was accepted and was concluded that picture strip story activity was better than the recommended teaching in both the overall achievement and reading comprehension items. Both English teachers and students need to improve and to master the four important language skills, i.e. listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Reading is one of the four language skills required when the students learn the target. The presented study aims at investigating the effects of picture strip story on reading comprehension of Iraqi EFL students. The study uses quantitative research method. By reading texts which is categorized as a receptive skill, the students are able to get a lot of information.