International Review of Sociology
About: International Review of Sociology is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Politics & Social change. It has an ISSN identifier of 0390-6701. Over the lifetime, 912 publication(s) have been published receiving 9099 citation(s).
Topics: Politics, Social change, Democracy, Veblen good, Globalization
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss how to conceive of modern society in the context of globalization or world society: Globalization or World society: How to conceive modern society? International Review of Sociology: Vol. 7, No. 1, pp 67-79.
Abstract: (1997). Globalization or World society: How to conceive of modern society? International Review of Sociology: Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 67-79.
TL;DR: This article found that public doubts about politicians and government are spreading across almost all advanced industrial democracies, and examined the social correlates of the decrease in trust, finding that the greatest declines are among the better-educated and upper social status.
Abstract: The phenomenon of declining political trust among the American public has been widely discussed, with the explanations often focusing on specific historical events or the unique problems of American political institutions. We first demonstrate that public doubts about politicians and government are spreading across almost all advanced industrial democracies. The pervasiveness of this trend suggests that common social forces are affecting these nations, and we examine the social correlates of the decrease in trust. We find the greatest declines are among the better-educated and upper social status. These results suggest that changing citizen expectations, rather than the failure of governments, are prompting the erosion of political support in advanced industrial democracies.
TL;DR: Cultural factors, as measured by the two dimensions of values identified by Inglehart, explain 75% of the variation in the perceived corruption index across non-communist countries.
Abstract: Cultural factors, as measured by the two dimensions of values identified by Inglehart, explain 75% of the variation in the Perceived Corruption Index across non-communist countries. A strong ‘survival’ orientation contributes twice as much as a strong ‘traditional’ orientation to higher levels of corruption. When controlling for these cultural variables, communism and post-communism increase the levels of corruption even further, both directly and by contributing to heavier emphasis on survival values. Communism created structural incentives for engaging in corrupt behaviors, which became such a widespread fact of life that they became rooted in the culture in these societies – that is, the social norms and practices prevailing in communist societies. The transitions toward democracy and market economies have not yet erased this culture of corruption. In addition, the process of privatization itself has opened myriad opportunities for corruption. The effects are manifest in comparisons of corruption in no...
TL;DR: The authors found that the Chinese public expresses fairly strong criticism of some aspects of Chinese society, but they express high levels of confidence in the national government, indicating that people are less deferential to authority and increasingly ready to challenge government.
Abstract: Political trust has been declining among the publics of almost all advanced industrial societies in recent years. This has been attributed to a Materialist–Postmaterialist value shift, which has given rise to a public that is less deferential to authority and increasingly ready to challenge government. This phenomenon has been interpreted as a ‘crisis of democracy’. Although one might expect to find low level of political trust in repressive authoritarian societies, survey data indicates that political trust in China is actually very high. Does this simply mean that people are afraid to express any opinions that might be viewed as critical of authority? As this article will demonstrate, this does not seem to be the case. The Chinese public expresses fairly strong criticism of some aspects of Chinese society – but they express high levels of confidence in the national government. Although rich democracies provide both a higher standard of living and more personal freedom than is available to the average Ch...
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