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Showing papers in "Iran in 2018"


Journal ArticleDOI
22 Jan 2018-Iran
TL;DR: Many medieval manuscripts are illuminated with paintings and other graphic elements, one purpose of which may have been to reinforce the significance of the work in question with a pictorial gloss as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Many medieval manuscripts are illuminated with paintings and other graphic elements, one purpose of which may have been to reinforce the significance of the work in question with a pictorial gloss,...

13 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Peter Jackson1
25 Jan 2018-Iran
TL;DR: According to the mid-sixteenth-century historian Mirza Haydar Dughlat, the more westerly of the two khanates into which the Chaghadayid state in Central Asia had divided in the fourteenth century c...
Abstract: According to the mid-sixteenth-century historian Mirza Haydar Dughlat, the more westerly of the two khanates into which the Chaghadayid state in Central Asia had divided in the fourteenth century c...

11 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
M.S. Morgana1
16 Jan 2018-Iran
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss how May Day posters, released by the Islamic Republican Party of Iran (which represented the core of Ayatollah Khomeini's supporters in terms of state power between 1979 and 1987), started to express a new socially constructed identity for workers within the factory.
Abstract: This article discusses how May Day posters, released by the Islamic Republican Party of Iran (which represented the core of Ayatollah Khomeini’s supporters in terms of state power between 1979 and 1987), started to express a new socially constructed identity for workers within the factory. By tracking hidden meanings and the particular use of visual language, it investigates why various styles and symbols were woven together. Finally, it shows – through the analysis of discourse in posters – how a process of appropriation of leftist symbols developed, in order to nullify a perceived ideological threat to the Islamic Republic, represented by both secular Marxists groups and those who, in Khomeini’s words, “mixed Islamic ideas with Marxist ideas and have created a concoction which is in no way in accordance with the progressive teachings of Islam” [Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah. “We Shall Confront the World with Our Ideology.” MERIP Reports (1980).

11 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
03 Aug 2018-Iran
TL;DR: In this paper, nine Linear Elamite inscriptions are presented and analysed, all written on gunagi type metallic beakers, and seven of these vessels are part of H. Mahboubian's collection in London.
Abstract: Nine Linear Elamite inscriptions are presented and analysed here, all written on gunagi type metallic beakers. In particular, seven of these vessels are part of H. Mahboubian’s collection in London...

10 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
29 Jan 2018-Iran
TL;DR: Firdawsi's Shahnama, the completion of which is traditionally dated to around 400/1010, is generally thought to have been a failure at first as mentioned in this paper, and it is said by both traditional accounts and muc...
Abstract: Firdawsi’s Shahnama, the completion of which is traditionally dated to around 400/1010, is generally thought to have been a failure at first. It is said by both traditional accounts and muc...

8 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
03 Jul 2018-Iran
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present examples of Persian textiles, ranging from Safavid to late Qajar, surviving in Greek sacristies, used by the Greek Church to provide an overview on the consumption of Persian silks.
Abstract: Numerous examples of Persian textiles, ranging from Safavid to late Qajar, survive in Greek sacristies. Used by the Greek Church, these silks provide an overview on the consumption of Persian silks...

7 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
03 Sep 2018-Iran
TL;DR: The marginal paintings on eight leaves of the Freer Divan of Shaykh Uvays (r. 1382-1410) have received a century's worth of scholarly attention as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The marginal paintings on eight leaves of the Freer Divan of Sultan Ahmad b. Shaykh Uvays (r. 1382–1410) have received a century’s worth of scholarly attention. Yet, their relationship to the Divan...

6 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
30 Jan 2018-Iran
TL;DR: The dominant historical narrative for early Islamic frontier zones such as Arran, in the Caucasus, tends to focus on the administrative centres, the capital cities as discussed by the authors, and this story of development bec...
Abstract: The dominant historical narrative for early Islamic frontier zones such as Arran, in the Caucasus, tends to focus on the administrative centres, the capital cities. As this story of development bec...

5 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
25 Jan 2018-Iran
TL;DR: In this paper, the interpretive challenges of understanding the history and reception of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna by focusing on a nodal text in its transmission, Firishta's Gulshan-i...
Abstract: This article outlines the interpretive challenges of understanding the history and reception of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna by focusing on a nodal text in its transmission, Firishta’s Gulshan-i...

5 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
29 Jul 2018-Iran
TL;DR: In this article, the chemico-physical examination of 13 samples collected from the early 2nd millennium BC Linear Elamite inscribed silver gunagi vessels of the Mahboubian collection is presented.
Abstract: This is the chemico-physical examination of 13 samples collected from the early 2nd millennium BC Linear Elamite inscribed silver gunagi vessels of the Mahboubian collection (see Desset; preceding ...

4 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
05 Feb 2018-Iran
TL;DR: This article presented the first full English translation of the Arabic text of that portion of Rashid al-Din's Jami' al-Tawarikh (world history) which dealt with five of the earliest Pishdadian o...
Abstract: This article presents the first full English translation of the Arabic text of that portion of Rashid al-Din’s Jami’ al-Tawarikh (“World History”) which deals with five of the earliest Pishdadian o...

Journal ArticleDOI
02 Feb 2018-Iran
TL;DR: In this article, the authors reconstructed the little-known networks that existed among the members of a Persianised elite in Mongol dominated Anatolia arguing that these letters can offer a novel insight into the cultural life of the region.
Abstract: In thirteenth-century Anatolia, different confessions of Christian and Muslim followers coexisted within a variety of people of diverse cultural backgrounds, including Greek, Turkmen and Persian. Politically, this multicultural and multireligious environment was accompanied by the raise of several semi-nomadic Turkmen warlords that controlled different regions of the peninsula under the nominal rule of the Seljuq Dynasty of Rum. In this historical context, Anatolia witnessed a burst of literary activity in manuscript form favoured by the economic patronage of the ruling classes. In one of the surviving manuscripts of the period held at the Suleymaniye Library in Istanbul, there is a unique munshaʼat (compilation of letters) written in Persian by a medical doctor of possible Iranian origin appointed in the second half of the thirteenth century to the regions of Kastamonu in north Western Anatolia. By looking at this rare compilation of letters, this paper reconstructs the little-known networks that existed among the members of a Persianised elite in Mongol dominated Anatolia arguing that these letters can offer a novel insight into the cultural life of the region.

Journal ArticleDOI
03 Jul 2018-Iran
TL;DR: The virtual absence of written sources about the construction process in the medieval period makes Persian paintings a useful primary source as mentioned in this paper, and a small sub-set of paintings depict the process of buil...
Abstract: The virtual absence of written sources about the construction process in the medieval period makes Persian paintings a useful primary source. A small sub-set of paintings depict the process of buil...

Journal ArticleDOI
11 Mar 2018-Iran
TL;DR: In this paper, the geometric form of the outer shell of a dome has an effect on the dome's structural performance, and it is assumed that the geometric shape of the inner shell has an influence on the structural performance of the dome.
Abstract: It is assumed that the geometric form of the outer shell of a dome has an effect on the dome’s structural performance. By mathematical drawing of the arch forms used for different types of dome, it...

Journal ArticleDOI
03 Jul 2018-Iran
TL;DR: It is argued that karbandi has been used not only as a decorative element but also as a load-bearing element in transforming the square base to a circle in Iran's architecture.
Abstract: One of the special features of Iran’s architecture is the transformation of the square base to a circle at the base of the dome which is referred to as gusheh sazi (corner construction). Karbandi i...

Journal ArticleDOI
03 Jul 2018-Iran
TL;DR: The main concern of the present work was to explore "the myth of motifs" or "the function of the motifs on a piece of ceramic vessel from Nishapur" as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: The main concern of the present work was to explore “the myth of motifs” or, to put it simply, the function of the motifs on a piece of ceramic vessel from Nishapur in terms of Barthes’s mythologic...

Journal ArticleDOI
02 Jan 2018-Iran
TL;DR: A translation of a letter from Sanjar to the notables of Samarqand, transmitted in an anonymous inshāᵓ-collection commonly known as Aḥkām-i salāṭīn-i māḍi, is described in this article.
Abstract: Translation of a letter from Sanjar to the notables of Samarqand, transmitted in an anonymous inshāᵓ-collection commonly known as Aḥkām-i salāṭīn-i māḍī. The comments establish the context and show...