Journal of AOAC International
About: Journal of AOAC International is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Gas chromatography & Detection limit. It has an ISSN identifier of 1060-3271. Over the lifetime, 8993 publication(s) have been published receiving 143316 citation(s). The journal is also known as: A O A C International. Journal.
Topics: Gas chromatography, Detection limit, Extraction (chemistry), High-performance liquid chromatography, Pesticide residue
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A simple, fast, and inexpensive method for the determination of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables is introduced and effectively removes many polar matrix components, such as organic acids, certain polar pigments, and sugars, to some extent from the food extracts.
Abstract: A simple, fast, and inexpensive method for the determination of pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables is introduced. The procedure involves initial single-phase extraction of 10 g sample with 10 mL acetonitrile, followed by liquid-liquid partitioning formed by addition of 4 g anhydrous MgSO4 plus 1 g NaCl. Removal of residual water and cleanup are performed simultaneously by using a rapid procedure called dispersive solid-phase extraction (dispersive-SPE), in which 150 mg anhydrous MgSO4 and 25 mg primary secondary amine (PSA) sorbent are simply mixed with 1 mL acetonitrile extract. The dispersive-SPE with PSA effectively removes many polar matrix components, such as organic acids, certain polar pigments, and sugars, to some extent from the food extracts. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is then used for quantitative and confirmatory analysis of GC-amenable pesticides. Recoveries between 85 and 101% (mostly > 95%) and repeatabilities typically < 5% have been achieved for a wide range of fortified pesticides, including very polar and basic compounds such as methamidophos, acephate, omethoate, imazalil, and thiabendazole. Using this method, a single chemist can prepare a batch of 6 previously chopped samples in < 30 min with approximately 1 dollar (U.S.) of materials per sample.
TL;DR: In this paper, a standardization of the method is based on a nutritional concept which defines fiber as insoluble vegetable matter which is indigestible by proteolytic and diastatic enzymes and which cannot be utilized except by microbial fennentation in the digestive tracts of animais.
Abstract: A rapid procedure for determining cellwall constituents of plants consista of the determination of the fiber insoluble in neutral detergent and is applicable to all feedstuffs. The standardization of the method is based on a nutritional concept which defines fiber as insoluble vegetable matter which is indigestible by proteolytic and diastatic enzymes and which cannot be utilized except by microbial fennentation in the digestive tracts of animais.
TL;DR: The acid-detergent fiber method (ADF) as mentioned in this paper is a fiber method based on cetyl trimethylammonium bromide to dissolve proteins in acid solution.
Abstract: The capacity of cetyl trimethylammonium bromide to dissolve proteins in acid solution has been utilized in development of a method, called acid-detergent fiber method (ADF), which is not only a fiber determination in itself bnt also the major preparatory step in the determination of lignin. The entire procedure for determining fiber and lignin is considerably more rapid than presently published methods. Compositional studies show ADF to consist chiefly of lignin and polysaccharides. Correlations with the new fiber method and digestibility of 18 forages (r = —0.79) showed it to be somewhat superior to crude fiber (r = —0.73) in estimating nutritive valué. The correla-
TL;DR: On the basis of the results available, automated methods do not appear to be any more precise than manual methods, although the studies show fewer outlying data points.
Abstract: Pharmaceutical analytical chemistry, which ordinarily deals with the analysis of formulations containing from 0.1 to 100% of active ingredient, uses methods with a reproducibility (between-laboratory variability) of about 2.5% and a repeatability (within-laboratory variability) of about half that amount. The best between-laboratory precision attainable appears to be about 1.0% and within-laboratory precision, about 0.5%. On the basis of the results available, automated methods do not appear to be any more precise than manual methods, although the studies show fewer outlying data points. Replicates (preferably blind ones) should always be conducted in a collaborative interlaboratory study in order to obtain the important information as to whether efforts should be concentrated on improving the method itself or on the performance of laboratories and analysis in applying it.
TL;DR: A collaborative study was conducted to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of the aNDF method over the full range of animal feed materials and it is recommended that the a NDF method be accepted for Official First Action status.
Abstract: As an important constituent of animal feeds, fiber represents the portion of feeds that is bulky and difficult to digest. The neutral detergent fiber (NDF) method, developed over 30 years ago, is the method of choice for measuring total fiber in forages and other feeds. Several modifications that were made to improve its general applicability to all feeds and others developed in individual laboratories often resulted in variability among laboratories in measuring NDF. The amylase-treated NDF (aNDF) method, therefore, was developed as an accurate and precise method of measuring total insoluble fiber in feeds. A collaborative study was conducted to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility of the aNDF method over the full range of animal feed materials. Twelve laboratories representing research, feed company, regulatory, and commercial feed testing laboratories analyzed 11 materials as blind duplicates. The materials represented feed matrixes, including animal products; high-protein, high-fat, and high-pectin feeds; oil seeds; grains; heated by-product feeds; and legume and grass hays and silages. Materials selected varied in chemical composition and contained 0-90% aNDF, 1-16% ash, 1-20% crude fat, 1-40% crude protein, and 0-50% starch. Correcting results for changes in blanks and reporting results as ash-free aNDF organic matter (aNDFom) improved the repeatability and reproducibility of results when aNDF was 10% fat. However, standard deviations of repeatability and reproducibility for feeds with >10% fat were similar to those of other materials. It is recommended that the aNDF method be accepted for Official First Action status.
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