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JournalISSN: 0806-198X

Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies 

University of Oslo Library
About: Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies is an academic journal published by University of Oslo Library. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Islam & Narrative. It has an ISSN identifier of 0806-198X. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 227 publications have been published receiving 3137 citations.
Topics: Islam, Narrative, Epistemology, Poetry, Literature


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A research framework based on the theory of planned behavior and the diffusion of innovations theory was used to identify the attitudinal, social and perceived behavioral control factors that would influence the adoption of Internet banking.
Abstract: A research framework based on the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen 1985) and the diffusion of innovations theory (Rogers 1983) was used to identify the attitudinal, social and perceived behavioral control factors that would influence the adoption of Internet banking. An online questionnaire was designed on the World Wide Web (WWW). Respondents participated through extensive personalized email invitations as well as postings to newsgroups and hyperlinks from selected Web sites.

1,745 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article explored the discourse of commercial consumer advertising in the written and visual media of Egypt, and assessed the effectiveness of using different language levels in a given advertisement or commercial, and looked at the deployment of rhetorical devices to reinforce the advertising message.
Abstract: This article explores the discourse of commercial consumer advertising in the written and visual media of Egypt. After setting advertisements in the context of genres and schemas, it focuses mainly on the relationship between language and cultural representation within the discourse of advertising. The paper places special emphasis on the role of intertextuality within the advertising framework. It also assesses the effectiveness of using different language levels in a given advertisement or commercial, and looks at the deployment of rhetorical devices to reinforce the advertising message.

114 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper provided a fresh, annotated translation of Ibn Faḍlān's passage and considered a multiplicity of identities for the Rūsiyyah, a people described in the account of the caliphal embassy from Baghdad to the King of the Volga Bulghas in the early fourth/tenth century.
Abstract: Ibn Faḍlān's account of the caliphal embassy from Baghdad to the King of the Volga Bulghārs in the early fourth/tenth century is one of our principal, textual sources for the history, ethnogenesis and polity formation of a number of tribes and peoples who populated Inner Asia. Of especial significance is his description of a people whom he calls the Rūsiyyah. Attempts to identify this people have been the stuff of controversy for almost two centuries and have largely focused on how this description can be made to contribute to the Normanist Controversy (the principal, but by no means the only, controversy concerns the extent of Viking involvement in the creation of Russia). This article provides a fresh, annotated translation of Ibn Faḍlān's passage and considers a multiplicity of identities for the Rūsiyyah.

65 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors argue that neither the Holy Book nor the most authentic and earliest apostolic sayings impose a death sentence for sodomy in this life, and that the solution to the tension between societal attitude and the sharīʿa is found in strict requirements of evidence: together with general rules of moral conduct, the procedural law makes the execution of the death penalty almost impossible.
Abstract: Despite widespread acceptance by (male) society, Islamic jurisprudence condemns anal intercourse—and this is the meaning of liwāṭ , not “homosexuality,” or “(male) homosexual behaviour.” The Arab conquest had changed neither the modes of production nor the patriarchal order or sexual mores of Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Iran. In Hellenistic societies the main gender division runs not between male and female, and hetero- and homosexual, but rather between penetrator and penetratable (women, boys, slaves, Jews, eunuchs and dancers alike). To penetrate was normal male desire, but to suffer or to allow penetration was shameful, and to enjoy it worse. Islamic law, on the other hand, prescribes the death penalty for extramarital intercourse—with male or female and whether as penetrator or penetrated. Considering the sources of Islamic law, this paper reasons that neither the Holy Book nor the most authentic and earliest apostolic sayings impose a death sentence for sodomy in this life. But Ismaʿīlīs, Zaidīs, most Jaʿfarīs and Shāfiʿīs and many Ḥanbalites punish liwāṭ with the penalty for zinā ; the Mālikīs and some Ḥanbalīs and Shāfiʿīs decree the death penalty even for the ghair muḥṣan. Leaving the ghulāt aside, who, if one is to believe Imāmī heresiographies, did allow liwāṭ , some viewing it as a way to transmit holiness, only the rather marginal ẓāhirīya and most Ḥanafites argue that there is no ḥadd— they impose only taʿzīr . Although in the classical period some Ḥanafīs believed it to be allowed in paradise, later the Ḥanafīya narrowed the gap with the other maḏāhib , either by imposing ḥadd az-zinā , or by removing all constraints from taʿzīr . As to sodomizing one’s slaves, only the Ḥanbalīs were unambiguous in their condemnation. The solution to the tension between societal attitude and the sharīʿa is found in strict requirements of evidence: together with general rules of moral conduct, the procedural law makes the execution of the death penalty almost impossible—as long as the sinful and shameful acts take place in private and are denied by the perpetrators.

60 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Combined steganography using discrete cosine transform (DCT) and cryptography using the one-time pad or vernam cipher implemented on a digital image obtained satisfactory results with PSNR and NCC high and resistant to JPEG compression and median filter.
Abstract: Rapid development of Internet makes transactions message even easier and faster. The main problem in the transactions message is security, especially if the message is private and secret. To secure these messages is usually done with steganography or cryptography. Steganography is a way to hide messages into other digital content such as images, video or audio so it does not seem nondescript from the outside. While cryptography is a technique to encrypt messages so that messages can not be read directly. In this paper have proposed combination of steganography using discrete cosine transform (DCT) and cryptography using the one-time pad or vernam cipher implemented on a digital image. The measurement method used to determine the quality of stego image is the peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and ormalize cross Correlation (NCC) to measure the quality of the extraction of the decrypted message. Of steganography and encryption methods proposed obtained satisfactory results with PSNR and NCC high and resistant to JPEG compression and median filter. Keywords —Image Steganography, Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), One Time Pad, Vernam, Chiper, Image Cryptography

55 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
202318
202226
20213
202012
201916
201816