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Showing papers in "Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports in 2018"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The earliest archaeological evidence for cereal-based beer brewing by a semi-sedentary, foraging people is reported in this article, where three stone mortars from a Natufian burial site at Raqefet Cave, Israel (13,700-11,700

91 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Archaeobotanical results from systematic flotation at what is presently the earliest Neolithic site with hard evidence for crop cultivation in the Southwestern Chinese province of Yunnan provide secure evidence for the spread of Chinese Neolithic crops to Yunnan, and provide new evidence for reconstructing possible sources of cereal agriculture in mainland Southeast Asia.

46 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper explores the potential of low-cost Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry performed by non-professional surveyors, with no camera calibration and no tripod to speed the process, as an alternative cost-effective tool for quantitative and qualitative analysis of rock art.

43 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The basic principles and instrumentation of IR spectroscopy as it has been applied in microarchaeology and related fields of research are detailed, focusing on major archaeological applications to date, methodological issues, and recent trends.

41 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, stable isotope analysis of multiple tissues indicates dog diet was largely based on fish (particularly salmonids), with possible short-term increases in marine mammal consumption, supporting the use of dogs as a proxy for human palaeodiet in societies at high-latitude societies consuming significant amounts of animal protein.

40 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Recently, excavations at the sites of Strandvagen and Kanaljorden in Motala, Eastern Central Sweden, have revealed complex and varied funerary remains from the Mesolithic as discussed by the authors.

38 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A new methodology is discussed that combines the advantages of computer vision photogrammetry with those of laser scanning by applying the photographic textures produced withphotogrammetry to the geometric data obtained from laser scanning to achieve the best possible fidelity 3D models for interpretation and study.

37 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors report controlled experiments to supplement previous studies and document variables that influence usewear formation on sandstone grinding implements (including abrading stones) of different toughness and hardness.

37 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The viability of photogrammetry for mapping large archaeological sites such as hillforts is assessed, providing a case study for its application to landscape archaeology.

35 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, stable carbon, nitrogen and sulphur isotope data from non-mortuary human hair excavated from Nunalleq (c. 1300-1750-CE) is presented.

35 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A combination of anthracological and carpological analyses has provided a more accurate picture of the Middle Palaeolithic landscape in the Serpis valley, as well as significant information about other possible uses of plants, not only as fuel, but for woodworking or food, for instance.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the tooth enamel of 30 camelid individuals through strontium isotope analysis and found that the camelid remains were excavated by the Palpa Archaeological Project (PAP) at the Paracas sites of Jauranga, Collanco and Cutamalla.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed enamel from 222 small nonmigratory terrestrial and semiaquatic fauna from a series of midcontinental geographic locations to provide initial baseline regional 87Sr/86Sr information.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The history of use of Zooarchaeological quantitative units known as the number of identified specimens (NISP) and minimum number of individuals (MNI) have previously had little empirical substantiation as mentioned in this paper.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a new method of grain size characterization was tentatively introduced to improve the description of grain sizes variability in the white marble and black marble, and a certain degree of variability was found in the structures and textures in the thin sections of the Goktepe black stone.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the use of shell and limestone tools and graters for plant processing in Bahamian archaeological sites has been investigated, and it has been shown that some of these shell and lithic tools were used to process maize, manioc, and coontie.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper used confocal microscopy to test the fidelity of different molding compounds for surface texture measurements and found that the objects' original surface texture can pose challenges to the accuracy of molds and the resulting casts, and that the intrinsic texture of the molding material impacts surface measurements of the replicated object.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the use of Heeb's Paperless Mapping technique as a mainstream survey tool for underground archaeological projects is presented and a step-by-step methodology is proposed.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors used stable isotope data from the Zvejnieki prehistoric cemetery in northeastern Latvia to correct the calibrated radiocarbon ( 14 C) dates of prehistoric burials in the Lake Burtnieks region for dietary freshwater and marine reservoir effects (FRE/MRE).

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the results of an inter-observer's blind-test where color and roughness are described at macroscopic scale are presented, and quantitative methods are used to compare archaeological and experimental altered silicifications.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the possible effect of geographical margin, mountains in particular, on grain morphotypes, and argue that variation in grain size was driven by environmental factors, while compact grain forms in particular could have formed in geographical margins such as mountains.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors presented the detection of archaeological features through an analysis of thermal, multispectral, and visible light imagery, alongside historical aerial photography, in the area surrounding Middle Grant Creek (11WI2739), a late prehistoric village located at Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie in Will County, IL.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A detailed qualitative reconstruction of the food habits of this Medieval population of Colonna, dated back to 8th–10th century CE, is obtained, which amplified the knowledge about past environment, trade, plant uses and customs.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, 3D point clouds were acquired from laser scanners and SfM photogrammetry to calculate morphometric variables and to analyse surficial features and changes in pounding stone tools used for baobab processing among Hadza foragers of Tanzania.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the cultural duality of contemporaneous foragers and farming populations in the same region and found that two different contemporary groups coexisted on the same island for several hundred years with separate cultural identity, lifestyles, and dietary patterns.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, Confocal Raman micro-spectroscopy (micro-Raman) was used to identify the specific molecular nature of microscopic residues with high spatial resolution, and the identification of artefact residues as anthropogenic by visual inspection alone was found to be incorrect in all cases tested.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The first direct AMS radiocarbon dating of two rock art motifs in separate rock shelters (VQ1 and VQ2) at the Viuda Quenzana archaeological locality in Patagonia, has provided median probability ages of 3190 cal BP for two reddish dots, and 520‰cal BP (1430 CE) for a pink negative hand as discussed by the authors.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the results of a geochemical characterization and multivariate statistical analysis of Fe-oxide deposits and ochre artifacts were presented, and the results demonstrated that the Feoxide bearing sources each possess unique geochemical signatures.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the complexity of coupled human-environment interactions and hypotheses to explain the variation observed in the design of raised fields in the Bolivian Lowlands have been explored.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The ability to detect nicotine alkaloids in calculus has enormous potential to help better understand the consumption of intoxicant plants by ancient humans on the individual level, for example by giving us the ability to test assumptions about the age, sex, and status of individual tobacco users in the past.