Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan
About: Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan is an academic journal published by Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Adsorption & Mass transfer. It has an ISSN identifier of 0021-9592. Over the lifetime, 6761 publications have been published receiving 78916 citations. The journal is also known as: JCEJ.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, a method for the calculation of effective pore size distribution from adsorption isotherms in molecular-sieve carbon is described, which is more exact theoretically as well as practically than previously described methods.
Abstract: A method for the calculation of effective pore size distribution from adsorption isotherms in molecular-sieve carbon is described. This method is more exact theoretically as well as practically than previously described methods. An average potential function has been determined inside the slit-like pores. With the help of this function the doubtful use of the Kelvin equation can be avoided at the scale of molecular dimensions. The method gives poor values for the larger pores but can be combined with the well-known Dollimore-Heal method at a pore size of 1.34 nm. Calculation is possible over a wide range of pore sizes. The calculation is shown through two examples from N2 isotherms at 77.4K. The model can be extended to other pore shapes as well as to other adsorbent-adsorbate pairs.
TL;DR: In this article, the average bubble diameter and conditions of bubble generation are obtained for the extreme cases when no coalescence is observed and the coalescence occurs at the maximum-rate.
Abstract: Bubbles which have been just generated from the porous plate are small and have an equal size, but sometime coalescence of these small bubbles occurs at a location slightly removed from the distributor, where the gas holdup is very large. Therefore, large and wide size distribution of bubbles are observed. This occurs easily in pure water and pure solvents. The surface active substances in water and solvents obstruct this coalescence of bubbles. In concentrated inorganic salt solutions, this obstruction is also recognized. For the extreme cases when no coalescence is observed and the coalescence occurs at the maximumrate, the correlations of the average bubble diameter and the conditions of bubble generation are obtained.
TL;DR: In this paper, the isothermal phase equilibrium relations of pressure and compositions in the gas, liquid, and hydrate phases for the CO2-CH4 mixed hydrate system at 280 K were obtained in company with the apparent Henry constants for the methane-water system and the three-phase coexisting lines.
Abstract: Natural-gas hydrate fields having a large amount of methane deposits have become the object of public attention as a potential natural-gas resource. An idea of methane exploitation in linkage with CO2 isolation has been presented elsewhere. In the present study, the isothermal phase equilibrium relations of pressure and compositions in the gas, liquid, and hydrate phases for the CO2-CH4 mixed hydrate system at 280 K are obtained in company with the apparent Henry constants for the methane-water system and the three-phase coexisting lines for the methane hydrate system. The averaged distribution coefficient of methane between gas phase and hydrate phase is about 2.5, that is, methane in the hydrate phase is replaced selectively by CO2. This is the first experimental evidence for the possibility of methane exploitation combined with CO2 isolation.
TL;DR: In this paper, various mitigation options focusing on the carbon sequestration options are reviewed focusing on carbon dioxide mitigation options, which can be divided into two categories; the enhancement of the natural sinking rates of CO2, and a direct discharge of anthropogenic CO2.
Abstract: CO2 mitigation options have been overviewed from an engineering point of view. There have been proposed a number of mitigation options, which can be divided into three categories; 1. reduction of energy intensity; 2. reduction of carbon intensity; 3. carbon sequestration. In this review paper, various mitigation options are reviewed focusing on the carbon sequestration options.A reduction in energy intensity is essentially an energy saving. A reduction in carbon intensity could be achieved by switching to energy resources with lower carbon contents. Based on the 2001 IPCC report, the mitigation potential related to energy intensity is estimated at 1, 900–2, 600 Mt-C/year in 2010, and 3, 600–5, 050 Mt-C/year in 2020, including other greenhouse gas equivalents. There are additional benefits in implementing these options; they are economically beneficial, and have no associated harmful effects. The carbon sequestration options can be divided into two categories; the enhancement of the natural sinking rates of CO2, and a direct discharge of anthropogenic CO2. The relevant sequestration options in the first category include terrestrial sequestration by vegetation, ocean sequestration by fertilization, and an enhancement of the rock weathering process. In the direct discharge options, the CO2 produced from large point sources, such as thermal power stations, would be captured and separated, then transported and injected either into the ocean or underground. Although the sequestration options are less beneficial in terms of cost per unit CO2 reduction compared to other options, technical developments in sequestration options are necessary for the following reasons; 1. A huge potential capacity for carbon sequestration, 2. carbon sequestration enables a continuous use of fossil fuels, which is unavoidable at the moment, before switching to renewable energy sources. Each sequestration option has advantages and disadvantages in terms of capacity, cost, the time scale of the sequestration, the stability of sequestered CO2, and additional environmental impacts, which depend on the location, time, and amount of sequestration. Thus, reliable evaluations of the mitigation efficiency are essential for each sequestration option upon implementation.
TL;DR: In order to elucidate the antibacterial mechanisms of magnesium oxide (MgO), calcium oxide (CaO), and zinc oxide (ZnO), the generation of active oxygen from these ceramic powder slurries was examined by oxygen electrode analysis and chemiluminescence analysis as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: In order to elucidate the antibacterial mechanisms of magnesium oxide (MgO), calcium oxide (CaO) and zinc oxide (ZnO), the generation of active oxygen from these ceramic powder slurries was examined by oxygen electrode analysis and chemiluminescence analysis. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) generated from the ZnO powder slurry was detected using the oxygen electrode. Active oxygen from the MgO and CaO powder slurries was not detected by the oxygen electrode analysis. Chemiluminescence analysis could detect the generation of active oxygen from three kinds of powders. The luminescence response of the CaO powder slurry was markedly strong. The chemiluminescence responses of the CaO and MgO powder slurries are due to the superoxide anion (O2–). The order of the strength of luminescence response was CaO, MgO, and ZnO, which agreed with that of the antibacterial activity of these powders. These results suggested that active oxygen species generated from the ceramic powders were associated with their antibacterial activities.