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Open accessJournalISSN: 2077-0383

Journal of Clinical Medicine

About: Journal of Clinical Medicine is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Population & Transplantation. It has an ISSN identifier of 2077-0383. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 12977 publication(s) have been published receiving 88089 citation(s). more

Topics: Population, Transplantation, Kidney disease more

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/JCM9020538
Abstract: The geographic spread of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infections from the epicenter of Wuhan, China, has provided an opportunity to study the natural history of the recently emerged virus. Using publicly available event-date data from the ongoing epidemic, the present study investigated the incubation period and other time intervals that govern the epidemiological dynamics of COVID-19 infections. Our results show that the incubation period falls within the range of 2–14 days with 95% confidence and has a mean of around 5 days when approximated using the best-fit lognormal distribution. The mean time from illness onset to hospital admission (for treatment and/or isolation) was estimated at 3–4 days without truncation and at 5–9 days when right truncated. Based on the 95th percentile estimate of the incubation period, we recommend that the length of quarantine should be at least 14 days. The median time delay of 13 days from illness onset to death (17 days with right truncation) should be considered when estimating the COVID-19 case fatality risk. more

1,031 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/JCM9020462
Biao Tang1, Xia Wang2, Qian Li3, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi3  +4 moreInstitutions (3)
Abstract: Since the emergence of the first cases in Wuhan, China, the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection has been quickly spreading out to other provinces and neighboring countries. Estimation of the basic reproduction number by means of mathematical modeling can be helpful for determining the potential and severity of an outbreak and providing critical information for identifying the type of disease interventions and intensity. A deterministic compartmental model was devised based on the clinical progression of the disease, epidemiological status of the individuals, and intervention measures. The estimations based on likelihood and model analysis show that the control reproduction number may be as high as 6.47 (95% CI 5.71–7.23). Sensitivity analyses show that interventions, such as intensive contact tracing followed by quarantine and isolation, can effectively reduce the control reproduction number and transmission risk, with the effect of travel restriction adopted by Wuhan on 2019-nCoV infection in Beijing being almost equivalent to increasing quarantine by a 100 thousand baseline value. It is essential to assess how the expensive, resource-intensive measures implemented by the Chinese authorities can contribute to the prevention and control of the 2019-nCoV infection, and how long they should be maintained. Under the most restrictive measures, the outbreak is expected to peak within two weeks (since 23 January 2020) with a significant low peak value. With travel restriction (no imported exposed individuals to Beijing), the number of infected individuals in seven days will decrease by 91.14% in Beijing, compared with the scenario of no travel restriction. more

897 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/JCM9020575
Sheng-Qun Deng1, Hong-Juan Peng1Institutions (1)
Abstract: In December 2019, cases of unidentified pneumonia with a history of exposure in the Huanan Seafood Market were reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. A novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, was identified to be accountable for this disease. Human-to-human transmission is confirmed, and this disease (named COVID-19 by World Health Organization (WHO)) spread rapidly around the country and the world. As of 18 February 2020, the number of confirmed cases had reached 75,199 with 2009 fatalities. The COVID-19 resulted in a much lower case-fatality rate (about 2.67%) among the confirmed cases, compared with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Among the symptom composition of the 45 fatality cases collected from the released official reports, the top four are fever, cough, short of breath, and chest tightness/pain. The major comorbidities of the fatality cases include hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, cerebral infarction, and chronic bronchitis. The source of the virus and the pathogenesis of this disease are still unconfirmed. No specific therapeutic drug has been found. The Chinese Government has initiated a level-1 public health response to prevent the spread of the disease. Meanwhile, it is also crucial to speed up the development of vaccines and drugs for treatment, which will enable us to defeat COVID-19 as soon as possible. more

Topics: Middle East respiratory syndrome (59%), Chronic bronchitis (56%), Outbreak (53%) more

374 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/JCM9030623
Junxiong Pang1, Min Xian Wang1, Ian Yi Han Ang1, Sharon Hui Xuan Tan1  +14 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Rapid diagnostics, vaccines and therapeutics are important interventions for the management of the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak. It is timely to systematically review the potential of these interventions, including those for Middle East respiratory syndrome-Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV, to guide policymakers globally on their prioritization of resources for research and development. A systematic search was carried out in three major electronic databases (PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library) to identify published studies in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Supplementary strategies through Google Search and personal communications were used. A total of 27 studies fulfilled the criteria for review. Several laboratory protocols for confirmation of suspected 2019-nCoV cases using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) have been published. A commercial RT-PCR kit developed by the Beijing Genomic Institute is currently widely used in China and likely in Asia. However, serological assays as well as point-of-care testing kits have not been developed but are likely in the near future. Several vaccine candidates are in the pipeline. The likely earliest Phase 1 vaccine trial is a synthetic DNA-based candidate. A number of novel compounds as well as therapeutics licensed for other conditions appear to have in vitro efficacy against the 2019-nCoV. Some are being tested in clinical trials against MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, while others have been listed for clinical trials against 2019-nCoV. However, there are currently no effective specific antivirals or drug combinations supported by high-level evidence. more

Topics: Systematic review (56%), Vaccine trial (51%), Cochrane Library (50%)

353 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/JCM10030493
Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease. Patients show deposits of pathological, aggregated α-synuclein not only in the brain but throughout almost the entire length of the digestive tract. This gives rise to non-motor symptoms particularly within the gastrointestinal tract and patients experience a wide range of frequent and burdensome symptoms such as dysphagia, bloating, and constipation. Recent evidence suggests that progressive accumulation of gastrointestinal pathology is underway several years before a clinical diagnosis of PD. Notably, constipation has been shown to increase the risk of developing PD and in contrast, truncal vagotomy seems to decrease the risk of PD. Animal models have demonstrated gut-to-brain spreading of pathological α-synuclein and it is currently being intensely studied whether PD begins in the gut of some patients. Gastrointestinal symptoms in PD have been investigated by the use of several different questionnaires. However, there is limited correspondence between subjective gastrointestinal symptoms and objective dysfunction along the gastrointestinal tract, and often the magnitude of dysfunction is underestimated by the use of questionnaires. Therefore, objective measures are important tools to clarify the degree of dysfunction in future studies of PD. Here, we summarize the types and prevalence of subjective gastrointestinal symptoms and objective dysfunction in PD. The potential importance of the gastrointestinal tract in the etiopathogenesis of PD is briefly discussed. more

339 Citations

No. of papers from the Journal in previous years

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Journal's top 5 most impactful authors

Aldo E. Calogero

19 papers, 121 citations

Joris C. Verster

15 papers, 179 citations

Sandro La Vignera

15 papers, 75 citations

Rosita A. Condorelli

14 papers, 96 citations

Emmanuel Andrès

12 papers, 71 citations

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