Journal•ISSN: 0022-0833

# Journal of Engineering Mathematics

Springer Science+Business Media

About: Journal of Engineering Mathematics is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Boundary value problem & Nonlinear system. It has an ISSN identifier of 0022-0833. Over the lifetime, 2482 publications have been published receiving 37636 citations.

Topics: Boundary value problem, Nonlinear system, Flow (mathematics), Boundary layer, Reynolds number

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this paper, the combinatorial properties of rigid plane skeletal structures are investigated, and the properties are found to be adequately described by a class of graph-structured graphs.

Abstract: In this paper the combinatorial properties of rigid plane skeletal structures are investigated. Those properties are found to be adequately described by a class of graphs.

1,032 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the dual solutions to an equation, which arose previously in mixed convection in a porous medium, occuring for the parameter α in the range 0 < α < α0 are considered.

Abstract: The dual solutions to an equation, which arose previously in mixed convection in a porous medium, occuring for the parameter α in the range 0 < α < α0 are considered. It is shown that the lower branch of solutions terminates at α=0 with an essential singularity. It is also shown that both branches of solutions bifurcate out of the single solution at α=0 with an amplitude proportional to (α0-α)1/2. Then, by considering a simple time-dependent problem, it is shown that the upper branch of solutions is stable and the lower branch unstable, with the change in temporal stability at α=α0 being equivalent to the bifurcation at that point.

404 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a one-dimensional model of a vascular network based on space-time variables is investigated, and the assumptions involved in constructing the system in terms of area-mass flux (A,Q), area-velocity, pressurevelocity (p,u), and pressuremass flux(p,Q) variables are discussed.

Abstract: In this paper a one-dimensional model of a vascular network based on space-time variables is investigated. Although the one-dimensional system has been more widely studied using a space-frequency decomposition, the space-time formulation offers a more direct physical interpretation of the dynamics of the system. The objective of the paper is to highlight how the space-time representation of the linear and nonlinear one-dimensional system can be theoretically and numerically modelled. In deriving the governing equations from first principles, the assumptions involved in constructing the system in terms of area-mass flux (A,Q), area-velocity (A,u), pressure-velocity (p,u) and pressure-mass flux(p,Q) variables are discussed. For the nonlinear hyperbolic system expressed in terms of the (A,u) variables the extension of the single-vessel model to a network of vessels is achieved using a characteristic decomposition combined with conservation of mass and total pressure. The more widely studied linearised system is also discussed where conservation of static pressure, instead of total pressure, is enforced in the extension to a network. Consideration of the linearised system also allows for the derivation of a reflection coefficient analogous to the approach adopted in acoustics and surface waves. The derivation of the fundamental equations in conservative and characteristic variables provides the basic information for many numerical approaches. In the current work the linear and nonlinear systems have been solved using a spectral/hp element spatial discretisation with a discontinuous Galerkin formulation and a second-order Adams-Bashforth time-integration scheme. The numerical scheme is then applied to a model arterial network of the human vascular system previously studied by Wang and Parker (To appear in J. Biomech. (2004)). Using this numerical model the role of nonlinearity is also considered by comparison of the linearised and nonlinearised results. Similar to previous work only secondary contributions are observed from the nonlinear effects under physiological conditions in the systemic system. Finally, the effect of the reflection coefficient on reversal of the flow waveform in the parent vessel of a bifurcation is considered for a system with a low terminal resistance as observed in vessels such as the umbilical arteries.

398 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a family of one-dimensional nonlinear systems which model the blood pulse propagation in compliant arteries is presented and investigated by averaging the Navier-Stokes equation on each section of an arterial vessel and using simplified models for the vessel compliance.

Abstract: In this paper a family of one-dimensional nonlinear systems which model the blood pulse propagation in compliant arteries is presented and investigated. They are obtained by averaging the Navier-Stokes equation on each section of an arterial vessel and using simplified models for the vessel compliance. Different differential operators arise depending on the simplifications made on the structural model. Starting from the most basic assumption of pure elastic instantaneous equilibrium, which provides a well-known algebraic relation between intramural pressure and vessel section area, we analyse in turn the effects of terms accounting for inertia, longitudinal pre-stress and viscoelasticity. The problem of how to account for branching and possible discontinuous wall properties is addressed, the latter aspect being relevant in the presence of prosthesis and stents. To this purpose a domain decomposition approach is adopted and the conditions which ensure the stability of the coupling are provided. The numerical method here used in order to carry out several test cases for the assessment of the proposed models is based on a finite element Taylor-Galerkin scheme combined with operator splitting techniques.

391 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the image system for the fundamental singularities of viscous (including potential) flow is obtained in the vicinity of an infinite stationary no-slip plane boundary, where the authors obtain a far field of O(r−2) for force or rotational components parallel to the wall, whereas normal components are of higher order O(ρ−3).

Abstract: The image system for the fundamental singularities of viscous (including potential) flow are obtained in the vicinity of an infinite stationary no-slip plane boundary. The image system for a: stokeslet, the fundamental singularity of Stokes flow; rotlet (also called a stresslet), the fundamental singularity of rotational motion; a source, the fundamental singularity of potential flow and also the image system for a source-doublet are discussed in terms of illustrative diagrams. Their far-fields are obtained and interpreted in terms of singularities. Both the stokeslet and rotlet have similar far field characteristics: for force or rotational components parallel to the wall a far-field of a stresslet typeO(r
−2) is obtained, whereas normal components are of higher orderO(r
−3).

300 citations