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Showing papers in "Journal of Interdisciplinary History in 1991"





Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the confidence game and the war over Lebanese history are discussed. But they focus on a house of many mansions, and not on the country itself, as they do in this paper.
Abstract: How it all began the confidence game talking geography rose among the thorns the Maronite record the imagined principality the mountain refuge Ottoman Lebanon - how unique? Phoenicia resurrected trial and error the war over Lebanese history a house of many mansions.

246 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A note on tree, lumber, and plant association association names Abbrevaitions Part I. The Forest Before 1600: 1. The forest and the Indian Part II. Change in the Forest, 1600-1859: 3. Two centuries of change: the commercial uses of the forest 5. The quickening pace: agricultural clearing, 1810-1860 6. The lumberman's assault on the forests of the Lake States, 1860-1890 8. The last lumber frontier: the rise of the Pacific Northwest, 1880-1940 10. Industrial impacts on the
Abstract: List of illustrations List of tables Preface A note on tree, lumber, and plant association names Abbrevaitions Part I. The Forest Before 1600: 1. The forest in American life 2. The forest and the Indian Part II. Change in the Forest, 1600-1859: 3. The forest and pioneer life, 1600-1810 4. Two centuries of change: the commercial uses of the forest 5. The quickening pace: agricultural clearing, 1810-1860 6. The quickening pace: the industrial impact, 1810-1860 Part III. Regional and National Impacts, 1860-1920: 7. The lumberman's assault on the forests of the Lake States, 1860-1890 8. The lumberman's assault on the southern forest, 1880-1920 9. The last lumber frontier: the rise of the Pacific Northwest, 1880-1940 10. Industrial impacts on the forest, 1860-1920 11. Agricultural impacts on the forest, 1860-1920 Part IV. Inquiry and Concern: Questions About the Forest, 1870-1933: 12. Preservation and management, 1870-1910 13. Ownership, supply, protection, and use, 1900-1933 14. The rebirth of the forest, 1933 and after Notes References Index.

157 citations


MonographDOI
TL;DR: Inside the Business Enterprise as discussed by the authors explores the role of imperfect and asymmetric information in the operation of enterprises, focusing on the crucial role of information asymmetry in modern economic theory and recent business history.
Abstract: How do business enterprises control their subunits? In what ways do existing paths of communication within a firm affect its ability to absorb new technology and techniques? How do American banks affect how companies operate? Do theoretical constructs correspond to actual behavior? Because business enterprises are complex institutions, these questions can prove difficult to address. All too often, firms are treated as the atoms of economics, the irreducible unit of analysis. This accessible volume, suitable for course use, looks more closely at the American firm into its "internal" workings and its genesis in the Gilded Age. Focusing on the crucial role of imperfect and asymmetric information in the operation of enterprises, "Inside the Business Enterprise" forges an innovative link between modern economic theory and recent business history."

107 citations



Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Temur's army of conquest: the Ulus Chaghatay as mentioned in this paper is a famous example of such an army. But it is not a complete account of the history of the army.
Abstract: List of maps Acknowledgements A note on usage and transcription 1. Introduction 2. The Ulus Chaghatay in the mid-fourteenth century 3. Temur's rise to power: the politics of the Ulus Chaghatay 4. Temur's army of conquest: the Ulus Chaghatay 5. Temur's army of conquest: outsiders and conquered peoples 6. Structure and function in Temur's administration 7. The struggle for succession 8. Conclusion Appendices Notes Bibliography Index.

90 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a Munich-based writer on Soviet affairs explores current ethnic unrest in Russia, which may decide the fate of Gorbachev's reform government, and explores the histories of these nationalities and their crusade for the restoration of national rights.
Abstract: A Munich-based writer on Soviet affairs explores current ethnic unrest in Russia, which may decide the fate of Gorbachev's reform government. Numerous non-Russian nationalities make up close to half the Soviet population, and this is the first book to look at the histories of these nationalities and their crusade for the restoration of national rights.

85 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: H Hutchison as mentioned in this paper discusses the role of the pulpit and the pews in the formation of the modern United Church of Christ and its role in the development of the New Evangelicalism.
Abstract: Preface: from Protestant to pluralist America Part I. Introduction: 1. Protestantism as establishment William R. Hutchison Part II. The Protestant Agenda: Old Business: 2. The pulpit and the pews Edwin S. Gaustad 3. Ministry on the margin: Protestants and education Dorothy C. Bass 4. Reaching out: mainline protestantism and the media Dennis N. Voskuil Part III. The Protestant Agenda: Matters Arising: 5. Voice of many waters: church federation in the twentieth century Robert A. Schneider 6. The reform establishment and the ambiguities of influence William McGuire King Part IV. Outsiders and 'Junior Partners': 7. United and slighted: women as subordinated insiders Virginia Lieson Brereton 8. An enduring distance: Black Americans and the establishment David W. Wills 9. A wary collaboration: Jews, Catholics, and the Protestant Goodwill movement Benny Kraut Part V. External Challenges: 10. Secularization: religion and the social sciences R. Laurence Moore 11. A plural world: the Protestant awakening to world religions Grant Wacker 12. The rise of the 'New Evangelicalism': shock and adjustment Mark Silk Part VI. Conclusion: 13. Discovering America William R. Hutchison Index.

67 citations





BookDOI
TL;DR: Carla Hesse as mentioned in this paper describes how the French Revolution shook the Parisian printing and publishing world from top to bottom, liberating the trade from absolutist institutions and inaugurating a free-market exchange of ideas.
Abstract: In 1789 French revolutionaries initiated a cultural experiment that radically transformed the most basic elements of French literary civilizationauthorship, printing, and publishing. In a panoramic analysis, Carla Hesse tells how the Revolution shook the Parisian printing and publishing world from top to bottom, liberating the trade from absolutist institutions and inaugurating a free-market exchange of ideas. Historians and literary critics have traditionally viewed the French Revolution as a catastrophe for French literary culture. Combing through extensive new archival sources, Hesse finds instead that revolutionaries intentionally dismantled the elite literary civilization of the Old Regime to create unprecedented access to the printed word. Exploring the uncharted terrains of popular fiction, authors' rights, and literary life under the Terror, Carla Hesse offers a new perspective on the relationship between democratic revolutions and modern cultural life."

BookDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the relationship between men and women in a city-state and a nation-state setting, and discuss the nature of women's resistance to domestic violence and rebellion.
Abstract: Part 1 City-states - rivalry begets anarchy: vision division anarchy penury and plenitude. Part 2 Father - the patriarchal nature of society: patriarchy haciendas, plantations, and ranches the premodern city education and intellectuals the limits of patriarchy. Part 3 Folk - the popular nature of society: an attitude a community "The Right to Live" distance and deference resistance and rebellion. Part 4 Fatherland - foreign intervention and the incipient nation-state: the threat the reaction "The Sweet Name of the Fatherland" foundations of the nation-state radical discontinuity.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a survey of the history of the family business in the United States, focusing on the following: 1. Advantage, proprietors, 1886-93 3. Inside the mill: flexible production and the family firm 4. From crisis to crisis, 1893-1904 5. Peace and war, 1904-18 6. The changing time, 1919-33 7. Long nights, false dawns, 1933-41 8. Conclusion Index.
Abstract: List of figures List of tables Preface 1. Introduction 2. Advantage, proprietors, 1886-93 3. Inside the mill: flexible production and the family firm 4. From crisis to crisis, 1893-1904 5. Peace and war, 1904-18 6. The changing time, 1919-33 7. Long nights, false dawns, 1933-41 8. Conclusion Index.

BookDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a revisionist account of Mexico's political instability is presented, arguing that the principal political fissures were not liberal vs. conservative but were among radical, moderate, and conservative.
Abstract: In the decades following independence, Mexico was transformed from a strong, stable colony into a republic suffering from economic decline and political strife. Marked by political instability-characterized by Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna's rise to the presidency on eleven distinct occasions-this period of Mexico's history is often neglected and frequently misunderstood. Donald F. Stevens' revisionist account challenges traditional historiography to examine the nature and origins of Mexico's political instability. Turning to quantitative methods as a way of providing a framework for examining existing hypotheses concerning Mexico's instability, the author dissects the relationship between instability and economic cycles; contradicts the notion that Mexico's social elite could have increased political stability by becoming more active; and argues that the principal political fissures were not liberal vs. conservative but were among radical, moderate, and conservative. Ultimately, Stevens maintains, the origins of that country's instability are to be found in the contradictions between liberalism and Mexico's traditional class structure, and the problems of creating an independent republic from colonial, monarchical, and authoritarian traditions.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The debate between the owl and the nightingale in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries as discussed by the authors has been studied extensively in the music and literature literature of the Middle English world.
Abstract: Music and literature enjoyed a renaissance in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. That period witnessed, among other things, the rise of the troubadours and trouveres, the elaboration of Notre Dame polyphony, and the emergence of Romance. Everywhere a new, secular spirit was coming into conflict with the older, more severe view of man and his music. It was the age of the debate between the owl and the nightingale, so called after a Middle English poem that pits the owl (the traditional asceticism of Christianity) against the nightingale (the new, more joyous and humane, social and intellectual trends of the times). Christopher Page, one of the most original music historians, examines this continuing struggle as it was fought by monks, preachers, commentators, and many others in the great and clamorous aviary of the Christian Church. Drawing upon an astonishing range of literary evidence, much of it from rare manuscripts, he enables us to see the musical life as well as the literature of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries in a new light.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyze reasons for the low levels of infant and child mortality among Jewish immigrants to the United States in the early twentieth century and examine historical interpretations of the phenomenon including racial and biological determinants family and child-care practices and better access to medical care and acceptance of scientific medicine.
Abstract: The authors analyze reasons for the low levels of infant and child mortality among Jewish immigrants to the United States in the early twentieth century. They examine historical interpretations of the phenomenon including racial and biological determinants family and child-care practices and better access to medical care and acceptance of scientific medicine. Data from the 1910 U.S. census are used to analyze the impact of assimilation socioeconomic status mothers literacy and labor force status and fertility levels. (ANNOTATION)

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the nineteenth century, more than 33,000 infants were being abandoned every year at foundling homes which were so overrun by unwanted children that they scarcely knew what to do with them as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Gender Ideology and Infant Abandonment in Nineteenth-Century Italy Few images of Italian women are more vivid than the devoted mamma, zealously protecting her children. That image is still invoked in Italy today when people lament the decline in family values. Yet it cannot withstand historical scrutiny, as an examination of the massive dimensions of infant abandonment in Italy's past makes clear. Just over a century ago, more than 33,000 Italian newborns were being abandoned every year at foundling homes which were so overrun by unwanted children that they scarcely knew what to do with them. For part of this period, over one third of all babies born in the cities of Milan and Florence were left at foundling homes. Nor was Italy exceptional in this regard, for similar mass abandonment of newborns occurred in France, Russia, Austria, Spain, Portugal, and elsewhere in the nineteenth century.1 Boswell's The Kindness of Strangers has directed attention to the staggering dimensions of infant abandonment in European history.2 Yet his book deals primarily with the centuries before institutionalized means were established in western Europe to deal with abandonment. Foundling homes were built in a number of Italian cities in the fifteenth century, and this system then spread to many other European countries. Abandonment of infants

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors use data from certificates of good character, a unique source of information for slaves traded in the New Orleans market, to add further details to what is known of this interregional trade.
Abstract: seaboard states and the areas farther west that were being opened up to exploitation. Using data from certificates of good character, a unique source of information for slaves traded in the New Orleans market, this research note adds further details to what is known of this interregional trade. For only a brief time, certificates of good character had to accompany any slave brought in from another state. These certificates are especially interesting for the information that they provide on age, height, point of origin, and general characteristics-information which is generally lacking in other sources. The certificates of good character, which have never before been systematically utilized by researchers of the domestic slave trade, are located in the Notarial Archives of New Orleans.l Our study is based on all of the data from these certificates for the year I830.



BookDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, Lehmann et al. discuss the role of women in the history of the Weimar Republic and the emigration of Austrian refugee historians to the United States during World War II.
Abstract: Preface Hartmut Lehmann Introduction James J. Sheehan Part I: 1. German and American historiography in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries Ernst Schulin 2. German historiography during the Weimar Republic and the Emigre historians Wolfgang J. Mommsen 3. The historical seminar of the University of Berlin in the 1920s Felix Gilbert Part II: 4. Refugee historians in America: pre-emigration Germany to 1939 Michael H. Kater 5. The German refugee historians and American institutions of higher learning Karen J. Greenberg 6. Everyday life and emigration: the role of women Sibylle Quack 7. The special case of Austrian refugee historians M. Fellner 8. Refugee historians in the United States Catherine Epstein 9. German historians in the Office of Strategic Services Barry Katz 10. The refugee scholar as intellectual educator: a student's recollections Carl E. Schorske Part III: 11. German emigre historians in America: the fifties, sixties, and seventies Kenneth Barkin 12. The Americanisation of Hajo Holborn Otto Pflanze 13. Explaining history: Hans Rosenberg Hanna Schissler 14. Ernst Kantorowicz and Theodor E. Mommsen Ralph E. Lerner 15. Refugee historians and the German historical profession between 1950 and 1970 Winfried Schulze.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, Bender explores the interplay of university learning and civic culture over the centuries, and provides a novel perspective on the history of both universities and cities, including Bologna, Paris, Florence, Leiden, Geneva, Edinburgh, London, Berlin, Frankfurt, Chicago, and New York.
Abstract: This book contains an innovative and important series of studies of the complex relations of major cities associated with key moments in the history of higher learning in the West. By exploring the interplay of university learning and civic culture over the centuries, Bender provides a novel perspective on the history of both universities and cities. The theme is pursued in studies of Bologna, Paris, Florence, Leiden, Geneva, Edinburgh, London, Berlin, Frankfurt, Chicago, and New York by several distinguished scholars, including Gene Brucker, Carl Schorske, Edward Shils, Martin Jay, and Nathan Glazer.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the mortality revolution and the tropical world: relocation costs in the early nineteenth century, relocation costs and tropical hygiene at mid-century, and the pursuit of disease, 1870-1914.
Abstract: List of tables, figures, and maps Preface List of abbreviations 1. The mortality revolution and the tropical world: relocation costs in the early nineteenth century 2. Sanitation and tropical hygiene at mid-century 3. Killing diseases of the tropical world 4. Relocation costs in the late nineteenth century 5. The revolution in hygiene and tropical medicine 6. The pursuit of disease, 1870-1914 Conclusion Appendix Bibliography Index.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Pure and Disciplined Body: Hierarchy, Morality, and Symbolism in France During the Catholic Reformation as discussed by the authors is an excellent survey of early modern French men, lay as well as clerical, who were concerned with boundary marking and boundary transgression.
Abstract: The Pure and Disciplined Body: Hierarchy, Morality, and Symbolism in France During the Catholic Reformation To many French men, lay as well as clerical, the Catholic Reformation (I550-I730) was a religious process with profound political and societal stakes, and their moralistic writings cut a broad swath through the literature of early modern France. Writers as disparate as Jean Bodin and St. JeanBaptiste de LaSalle, for instance, drew from a discourse of sexuality in which the lexicon of purity, discipline, and hierarchy found prominent expression. Concepts such as purity, discipline, and hierarchy suggest a concern for boundary marking and boundary transgression. Douglas notes that

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Spirals in Early Southeast Asian and Burmese History The study of early Southeast Asia as an academic discipline in the United States began only about thirty years ago as discussed by the authors, and most of its leading historians today are products of an American, historiographical tradition, and their approach has therefore been primarily western.
Abstract: Spirals in Early Southeast Asian and Burmese History The study of early Southeast Asia as an academic discipline in the United States began only about thirty years ago. Indeed, some history departments still do not recognize Southeast Asia as a legitimate field. Nonetheless, most of its leading historians today are products of an American, historiographical tradition, and our approach has therefore been primarily western. We have not been totally oblivious to such cultural centricity-not to mention disciplinary, regional, and period biases-and, for the past twenty years at least, have been addressing these concerns regularly.l

BookDOI
TL;DR: In this article, Woolf discusses the social relations and control of resources in an area of transit: eastern Liguria, sixteenth to seventeenth centuries Osvaldo Raggio 3. Family cycles, peddling and society in upper Alpine valleys in the eighteenth century Laurence Fontaine 4. Three guilds in the same line of production in early modern Bologna Carlo Poni 5. Group strategies and trade strategies: the Turin tailors' guild in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries Simona Cerutti 6. Conceptions of poverty and poor
Abstract: Acknowledgements 1. Introduction Stuart Woolf 2. Social relations and control of resources in an area of transit: eastern Liguria, sixteenth to seventeenth centuries Osvaldo Raggio 3. Family cycles, peddling and society in upper Alpine valleys in the eighteenth century Laurence Fontaine 4. Local market rules and practices. Three guilds in the same line of production in early modern Bologna Carlo Poni 5. Group strategies and trade strategies: the Turin tailors' guild in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries Simona Cerutti 6. Conceptions of poverty and poor-relief in Turin in the second half of the eighteenth century Sandra Cavallo Index.