scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

Showing papers in "Journal of Literature and Art Studies in 2022"
















Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the 12th century, a woman became King of Georgia as mentioned in this paper , and the period of her ruling is named "Golden Age" in the history of Georgia, and completely unusual decisions were made, that were unusual even for the world of that time: (1). Death penalty was abolished! (2). An authority similar to modern Parliament was formed, so-called Kutlu Arslan Dasi.
Abstract: The Middle Ages is not characterized by recognition of women’s rights and its spreading in the world history. From the women of different parts of the world, only the nobles and the king’s children enjoyed all human rights and privileges. Georgia was no exception as well; in the 12th-16th centuries feudalism was the governing system in Georgia and the women’s rights and, in general, rights of human beings were rarely discussed. But in the 12th century in Georgia, the country located in Eastern Europe and South Caucasia, a very interesting fact occurred: unusually for Georgia, a woman became the ruler of the country. It was the first case, when a woman became King of Georgia. She was Tamar. She ruled in 1184-1213. Ruling of Queen Tamar has radically changed the direction of history of Georgia forever. Only the period of her ruling is named “Golden Age” in the history of Georgia. During the period of her ruling, completely unusual decisions were made, that were unusual even for the world of that time: (1). Death penalty was abolished! (2). An authority similar to modern Parliament was formed _ so-called Kutlu Arslan Dasi. The King took into account the decisions made by this authority. This fact was evaluated in the history of the world history as the point of reference of the history of Parliamentarism. (3). Georgia was the first country in the world, where a civil war occurred. The peasants’ demonstrations of that time are very well studied by law specialists and, considering all criteria, they were assessed as Civil War. We think that Queen Tamar was a leader and a successful female diplomat, whom the whole world should know well. Georgians refer to Tamar as a King (not a Queen). But, in this article we will refer to her as a Queen to highlight her diplomatic skills.







Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the marginal plight of the low class and women images in Tar Baby from the perspective of Gayatri C. Spivak's epistemic violence is analyzed in light of postcolonial theory.
Abstract: In light of the postcolonial theory, this thesis attempts to analyze the marginal plight of the low class and women images in Tar Baby from the perspective of Gayatri C. Spivak’s epistemic violence. Under the influence of epistemic violence, the resistance strategy in Tar Baby is highlighted in order to interpret the resistance thought displayed by Toni Morrison in the Tar Baby . Toni Morrison expresses the appeal of an active strategy to resist epistemic violence against cultural hegemony and the white dominant society.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The earliest known image of the binding of Isaac, known as the Akedah, is on a Torah shrine in a synagogue in Dura Europos, Syria dating before 244 as discussed by the authors .
Abstract: The earliest known image of the binding of Isaac, known as the Akedah, is on a Torah shrine in a synagogue in Dura Europos, Syria dating before 244 (fig. 1). It shows a fully developed iconography of a young Isaac on the altar with the burning wood, the ram by the tree, Abraham holding the knife, and the hand of God issuing from a cloud. Though the visual narrative is largely based on the account of the Akedah in Genesis 22, it also relies on details found in other Jewish literary sources that include the Talmud, Targum Onkelos, Targum Pseudo-Jonathan, commentary on Genesis by Rashi, Midrash account of Pirkei De Rabbi Eliezer, and Genesis Rabbah. This paper will present unexplored Jewish sources for the iconography of the Akedah/Sacrifice of Isaac in art of Late Antiquity.







Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In order to deepen our rational understanding of Chinese characters, it is necessary to reexamine the value of it today as discussed by the authors , and the reason why Chinese characters can keep vital is that it fits the unique thinking mode and aesthetic standards of the Han People.
Abstract: In order to deepen our rational understanding of Chinese characters, it is necessary to reexamine the value of it today. The reason why Chinese characters can keep vital is that it fits the unique thinking mode and aesthetic standards of the Han People. In the meantime, it intervenes in Chinese ontology by improving the resolution ratio of information trans, and objectively performs the function of the fourth element of language.