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JournalISSN: 0899-1561

Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 

American Society of Civil Engineers
About: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering is an academic journal published by American Society of Civil Engineers. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Materials science & Compressive strength. It has an ISSN identifier of 0899-1561. Over the lifetime, 6142 publications have been published receiving 154130 citations. The journal is also known as: ASCE materials in civil engineering & Materials in civil engineering.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined strength and toughness properties of concrete in which different amounts of rubber-tire particles of several sizes were used as aggregate, and the concrete mixtures exhibited lower compressive and splitting-tensile strength than did normal concrete.
Abstract: Accumulations of worn‐out automobile tires create fire and health hazards. As a possible solution to the problem of scrap‐tire disposal, an experimental study was conducted to examine the potential of using tire chips and crumb rubber as aggregate in portland‐cement concrete. This paper examines strength and toughness properties of concrete in which different amounts of rubber‐tire particles of several sizes were used as aggregate. The concrete mixtures exhibited lower compressive and splitting‐tensile strength than did normal concrete. However, these mixtures did not demonstrate brittle failure, but rather a ductile, plastic failure, and had the ability to absorb a large amount of plastic energy under compressive and tensile loads. A mathematical model is used to describe the effects of rubber aggregate on the compressive and tensile strength reduction of concrete.

680 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, axial compression test results of 27 concrete cylinders confined by carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite jackets were described, and the failure of the confined concrete was dominated by the rupture of the jacket at an average strain much smaller than the ultimate strain obtained from tension tests of flat coupons.
Abstract: This paper describes axial compression test results of 27 concrete cylinders confined by carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite jackets. The experimental parameters include plain concrete compressive strength and the thickness of the composite jacket. It is found that the carbon fiber composite jacketing can significantly increase the compressive strength and ductility of concrete. The test results indicate that concrete strength and confinement modulus, defined as the ratio of transverse confinement stress and transverse strain, are the most influential factors affecting the stress-strain behavior of confined concrete. The failure of the confined concrete was dominated by the rupture of the jacket at an average strain much smaller than the ultimate strain obtained from tension tests of flat coupons. In order to describe the main mechanical features of the confined concrete, a simple bilinear stress-strain model is suggested based on the theory of elasticity and minimum number of empirical equations de...

661 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the use of recycled tire rubber in a portland cement concrete (PCC) mixture is investigated as a possible alternative for nonconventional PCC mixtures.
Abstract: The use of recycled tire rubber in a portland cement concrete (PCC) mixture is investigated as a possible alternative for nonconventional PCC mixtures. This study is focused on the determination of the practicality of producing such mixes and evaluating their engineering properties. An experimental program was developed to use two types of tire rubber (fine crumb rubber and coarse tire chips) in PCC mixtures. A control PCC mix is designed using American Concrete Institute mix design methods, and three groups of rubberized PCC mixes were developed by partially replacing the aggregate with rubber. Eight tire rubber contents were used in each group. Mixes were tested in compressive and flexural strength in accordance to ASTM standards. Results show that rubberized PCC mixes can be made and are workable to a certain degree with the tire rubber content being as much as 57% of the total aggregate volume. However, strength results show that large reductions in strength would prohibit the use of such a high rubber content. It is suggested that rubber contents should not exceed 20% of the total aggregate volume. A characteristic function that quantifies the reduction in strength for rubberized concrete mixes was developed that could be useful for mix design purposes. Rubberized concrete mixes may be suitable for nonstructural purposes such as lightweight concrete walls, building facades, and architectural units. They could also be used as cement aggregate bases under flexible pavements. Fire hazards are of major concern and need to be thoroughly investigated before recommendations for practical implementation are drawn.

636 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the reinforcing effects of graphene oxide (GO) on portland cement paste are investigated, and it is discovered that the introduction of 0.03% by weight GO sheets into the cement paste can increase the compressive strength and tensile strength of the cement composite by more than 40%.
Abstract: In this experimental study, the reinforcing effects of graphene oxide (GO) on portland cement paste are investigated. It is discovered that the introduction of 0.03% by weight GO sheets into the cement paste can increase the compressive strength and tensile strength of the cement composite by more than 40% due to the reduction of the pore structure of the cement paste. Moreover, the inclusion of the GO sheets enhances the degree of hydration of the cement paste. However, the workability of the GO-cement composite becomes somewhat reduced. The overall results indicate that GO could be a promising nanofillers for reinforcing the engineering properties of portland cement paste.

604 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The uniaxial monotonic compressive stress-strain behavior and other characteristics of unreinforced masonry and its constituents, i.e., solid clay bricks and mortar, have been studied by several laboratory tests.
Abstract: The uniaxial monotonic compressive stress-strain behavior and other characteristics of unreinforced masonry and its constituents, i.e., solid clay bricks and mortar, have been studied by several laboratory tests. Based on the results and observations of the comprehensive experimental study, nonlinear stress-strain curves have been obtained for bricks, mortar, and masonry and six “control points” have been identified on the stress-strain curves of masonry, which can also be used to define the performance limit states of the masonry material or member. Using linear regression analysis, a simple analytical model has been proposed for obtaining the stress-strain curves for masonry that can be used in the analysis and design procedures. The model requires only the compressive strengths of bricks and mortar as input data, which can be easily obtained experimentally and also are generally available in codes. Simple relationships have been identified for obtaining the modulus of elasticity of bricks, mortar, and ...

550 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
2023493
2022596
2021483
2020504
2019423
2018426