Journal of Molecular Catalysis A-chemical
About: Journal of Molecular Catalysis A-chemical is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Catalysis & Heterogeneous catalysis. It has an ISSN identifier of 1381-1169. Over the lifetime, 9440 publications have been published receiving 328049 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the photocatalytic activity for NO removal under an oxidative atmosphere has been studied over commercial TiO 2 and plasma-treated TiO2 powders, where NO 3 − was accumulated.
Abstract: The photocatalytic activity for NO removal under an oxidative atmosphere has been studied over commercial TiO 2 and plasma-treated TiO 2 powders. By the plasma treatment, the photocatalytic activity for NO removal appeared in the visible light region up to 600 nm without a decrease in the ultraviolet light activity. It was found that the NO was removed as nitrate (NO 3 − ) by photocatalytic oxidation over the TiO 2 powders, where NO 3 − was accumulated. No difference in the crystal structure, the crystallinity, and the specific surface area was observed between the raw TiO 2 and the plasma-treated TiO 2 photocatalysts. In electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements, a sharp signal at g =2.004, which was identified as the electrons trapped on oxygen vacancies, was detected only for plasma-treated TiO 2 under visible light irradiation. The saturated intensity of the ESR signal at g =2.004 was proportional to the removal percentage of nitrogen oxides, suggesting that the number of trapped electrons determined the activity for the photocatalytic oxidation of NO to NO 3 − . The appearance of the visible light activity in the plasma-treated TiO 2 photocatalyst was ascribed to the newly formed oxygen vacancy state between the valence and the conduction bands in the TiO 2 band structure.
TL;DR: In this article, self-consistent density functional calculations using the LMTO-ASA method of the variations in the surface electronic structure for pseudomorfic overlayers and impurities of Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Ir, Pt, and Au on the other metals are presented.
Abstract: We present self-consistent density functional calculations using the LMTO-ASA method of the variations in the surface electronic structure for pseudomorfic overlayers and impurities of Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Ir, Pt, and Au on the other metals. Knowledge of these variations is of importance in understanding trends in the reactivity of metal surfaces. A simple model is presented which gives a description of the overall trends in the self-consistently calculated results.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors consider cases in which a discrete transition-metal complex is used as a precatalyst for reductive catalysis and focus on the problem of determining if the true catalyst is a metal-complex homogeneous catalyst or if it is a soluble or other metal-particle heterogeneous catalyst.
Abstract: This review considers cases in which a discrete transition-metal complex is used as a precatalyst for reductive catalysis; it focuses on the problem of determining if the true catalyst is a metal-complex homogeneous catalyst or if it is a soluble or other metal-particle heterogeneous catalyst. The various experiments that have been used to distinguish homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis are outlined and critiqued. A more general method for making this distinction is then discussed. Next, the circumstances that make heterogeneous catalysis probable, and the telltale signs that a heterogeneous catalyst has formed, are outlined. Finally, catalytic systems requiring further study to determine if they are homogeneous or heterogeneous are listed. The major findings of this review are: (i) the in situ reduction of transition-metal complexes to form soluble-metal-particle heterogeneous catalysts is common; (ii) the formation of such a catalyst is easy to miss because colloidal solutions often appear homogeneous to the naked eye; (iii) a variety of experiments have been used to distinguish homogeneous catalysis from heterogeneous catalysis, but there is no single definitive experiment for making this distinction; (iv) experiments that provide kinetic information are key to the correct identification of the true catalyst; and (v) a more general approach for distinguishing homogeneous catalysis from heterogeneous catalysis has been developed. Additionally, (vi) the conditions under which a heterogeneous catalyst is likely to form include: (a) when easily reduced transition-metal complexes are used as precatalysts; (b) when forcing reaction conditions are employed; (c) when nanocluster stabilizers are present; and (d) when monocyclic arene hydrogenation is observed. Finally, (vii) the telltale signs of heterogeneous catalysis include the formation of dark reaction solutions, metallic precipitates, and the observation of induction periods and sigmoidal kinetics.
TL;DR: Ionic liquids have attracted a great deal of attention as possible replacement for conventional molecular solvents for catalytic and organic reactions as discussed by the authors, including acid catalyzed reactions and transition metal catalyzed transformations.
Abstract: Ionic liquids are attracting a great deal of attention as possible replacement for conventional molecular solvents for catalytic and organic reactions. They complete the use of environmentally friendly water, supercritical fluids or perfluorinated solvents. Features that make ionic liquids attractive include their lack of vapor pressure and the great versatility of their chemical and physical properties. By a judicious combination of cations and anions, it is possible to adjust the solvent properties to the requirement of the reactions, thus creating an almost indefinitely set of “designer solvents”. Besides the possibility of recycling the catalytic system, one main potential interest in using ionic liquids results in the unique interactions of these media with the active species and in the possibility to modify the reaction activity and selectivity. Their successful use as solvents has been demonstrated for a wide range of organic reactions including acid catalyzed reactions and transition metal catalyzed transformations.
TL;DR: A literature review of modern transition-metal nanoclusters, with an emphasis on those nanclusters which are catalytically active, is presented in this paper, where the authors compare and contrast the syntheses, characterization approaches, and catalytic applications of transition metal nan-clusters.
Abstract: A literature review of modern transition-metal nanoclusters, with an emphasis on those nanoclusters which are catalytically active, is presented in two parts. Part One presents background information on transition-metal nanoclusters, including an overview of common synthetic routes, a description of how nanoclusters are stabilized, and a brief summary of the multiple characterization techniques used (and the type of information that they can provide). In Part Two, five specific nanocluster case studies are presented, case studies which compare and contrast the syntheses, characterization approaches, and catalytic applications of transition-metal nanoclusters.