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JournalISSN: 0195-9298

Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation 

About: Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Ultrasonic sensor & Nondestructive testing. It has an ISSN identifier of 0195-9298. Over the lifetime, 1263 publication(s) have been published receiving 18737 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Jai-Man Baik1, R. Bruce Thompson1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A quasi-static model for the ultrasonic transmission and reflection at imperfect interfaces is developed. The interface is represented by a distributed spring, determined by the change in static compliance of the medium with respect to one with a perfect interface, and a distributed mass, representing excess mass at the interface. Comparison of the model predictions to exact solutions for two simple cases illustrates its accuracy at low frequencies. The spring stiffnesses can be derived from existing solutions for the elastic displacement of materials containing cracks and inclusions under static load. Results for a variety of cases are reviewed. Applications of the model to study the characteristics of partially contacting surfaces in several problem areas of current interest are discussed.

350 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
B. A. Auld1, John C. Moulder2Institutions (2)
Abstract: A comprehensive review of advancements in eddy current (EC) modeling is presented. This paper contains three main sections: a general treatise of EC theory, the thin skin EC forward modeling, and the EC inverse problem. (1) The general treatise of eddy current theory begins with an exposition of the reciprocity formulas for evaluating probe impedance changes, which are derivable from first principles. Two versions of the reciprocity formulas, one with a surface integral and the other with a volume integral, are given. Any particular type of defect, as well as both one-port and two-port probes, can be treated. Second, a brief account of analytical and numerical methods for calculating the field distributions is presented. Third, theory of probe/material interactions with various defect types is described. (2) The paper then proceeds to the forward modeling section, which contains a detailed treatment of the eddy current forward problem for surface breaking cracks and EDM notches in the thin skin approximation. (3) The inverse problem section begins with a general review of commonly used inversion methods, exemplified by selected references from the literature, followed by more detailed examinations of EC inversions for surface breaking cracks and slots. The last part of this section is devoted to the inverse problem for layered structures. Although being a review in nature, the paper contains a number of new accounts for time-domain eddy current interactions. In particular, a modification is proposed to the reciprocity formula in order to take a better account of pulsed eddy current signals.

290 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
RP Dalton1, Peter Cawley1, M. J. S. Lowe1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The potential for long-range propagation of ultrasonic guided waves through metallic aircraft fuselage structure has been investigated using dispersion analysis and numerical modelling, validated by experiment. In order to satisfy the pressing need for integrated structural health monitoring of ageing metallic aircraft, it is likely that an active guided wave system based on current technology must feature efficient propagation over distances of at least 1m with an attenuation of not more than about 40dB/m. Propagation was examined across free skin, tapering skin, skin loaded with sealant and paint, double skin jointed with either sealant or adhesive, and lap and stringer joints, which together adequately characterise metallic monocoque fuselage construction. Whilst the simple and tapering skins allow long range propagation of non-dispersive modes with little reflection at the transition to tapering skin, the attenuation caused by application of a sealant layer generally leaves no viable modes. Guided wave propagation through double skin features the inevitable generation of twin modes with similar phase velocity, which interact with each other during propagation. This interaction crucially determines the efficiency of propagation across narrow joints and effectively precludes propagation across a succession of joints. This work leads to the conclusion that an active aircraft system that relies on guided wave propagation of more than 1m is not feasible, whereas localised guided wave monitoring of structurally significant areas is a more practical approach.

246 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Peter B. Nagy1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Ultrasonic reflection measurements from material interfaces are commonly used to detect and quantitatively characterize boundary imperfections of different kinds. Either shear or longitudinal waves can be used to assess the degree of the interface imperfection in acoustical terms. On the other hand, the evaluation of this data in terms of strength-related mechanical properties requiresa priori knowledge of the physical nature of the imperfection. It is shown in this paper that the ratio between the normal and transverse interfacial stiffnesses can be used to classify the interface imperfection. This ratio is readily measured, e.g., by comparing the longitudinal and shear reflection coefficients at normal incidence. Both theoretical and experimental results indicate that different types of imperfections, such as kissing, partial, and slip bonds, can be distinguished by this simple technique.

243 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
D. N. Alleyne1, Peter Cawley1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The development of a dry-coupled piezoelectric transducer system for the detection of corrosion in chemical plant pipework using cylindrical Lamb waves is described. It is shown that the axisymmetricL(0,2) mode at a frequency of about 70 kHz is an attractive mode to use for longdistance propagation. The results show that a ring of piezoelectric length-expander elements can be used to excite theL(0,2) mode and to suppress all the nonaxisymmetric modes. Tests have been carried out both with the piezoelectric elements bonded to the pipe and fabricated into a simple transducer which was clamped against the pipe. The performance of the dry-coupled system was very similar to that of the bonded elements. In pulse echo tests, the noise floor obtained with the dry-coupled system was less than 1% of the amplitude of the propagatingL(0,2) mode. The drycoupled transducers provide a simple, light, readily detachable system for the long-range inspection of pipework.

217 citations

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