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JournalISSN: 2278-4136

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 

AkiNik Publications
About: Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry is an academic journal published by AkiNik Publications. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Population & Phytochemical. It has an ISSN identifier of 2278-4136. It is also open access. Over the lifetime, 8699 publications have been published receiving 27787 citations.


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Journal Article
TL;DR: The major classes of phytochemicals with disease-preventing functions are dietary fibre, antioxidants, anticancer, detoxifying agents, immunity-potentiating agents and neuropharmacological agents as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Medicinal plants are a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals or bionutrients. Studies carried out during the past 2–3 decades have shown that these phytochemicals have an important role in preventing chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes and coronary heart disease. The major classes of phytochemicals with disease-preventing functions are dietary fibre, antioxidants, anticancer, detoxifying agents, immunity-potentiating agents and neuropharmacological agents. Each class of these functional agents consists of a wide range of chemicals with differing potency. Some of these phytochemicals have more than one function. There is, however, much scope for further systematic research in screening Indian medicinal plants for these phytochemicals and assessing their potential in protecting against different types of diseases.

493 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this present review, an attempt has been made to give an overview of certain extractants and extraction processes with their advantages and disadvantages.
Abstract: Standardization of drugs means confirmation of its identity and determination of its quality and purity. At present due to advancement in the chemical knowledge of crude drugs various methods like botanical, chemical, spectroscopic and biological methods are used for estimating active constituents present in the crude drugs in addition to its physical constants. Plants have been known to relieve various diseases in Ayurveda. Therefore, the researchers today are emphasizing on evaluation and characterization of various plants and plant constituents against a number of diseases based on their traditional claims of the plants given in Ayurveda. Extraction of the bioactive plant constituents has always been a challenging task for the researchers. In this present review, an attempt has been made to give an overview of certain extractants and extraction processes with their advantages and disadvantages.

278 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications: the flowers in bronchitis and dysentery and on ulcers; cooked flowers are given to diabetics; astringent plant sap in cases of hysteria, epilepsy, leprosy, fevers, hemorrhages, acute dysenteries and diarrhea.
Abstract: Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce It is one of the oldest cultivated plants All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications: the flowers in bronchitis and dysentery and on ulcers; cooked flowers are given to diabetics; the astringent plant sap in cases of hysteria, epilepsy, leprosy, fevers, hemorrhages, acute dysentery and diarrhea, and it is applied on hemorrhoids, insect and other stings and bites; young leaves are placed as poultices on burns and other skin afflictions; the astringent ashes of the unripe peel and of the leaves are taken in dysentery and diarrhea and used for treating malignant ulcers; the roots are administered in digestive disorders, dysentery and other ailments; banana seed mucilage is given in cases of diarrhea in India Antifungal and antibiotic principles are found in the peel and pulp of fully ripe bananas The antibiotic acts against Mycobacteria A fungicide in the peel and pulp of green fruits is active against a fungus disease of tomato plants Norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin are also present in the ripe peel and pulp The first two elevate blood pressure; serotonin inhibits gastric secretion and stimulates the smooth muscle of the intestines

219 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: Tannins are obtained upon the decomposition of vegetation and they will generally be found in surface water supplies or shallow wells as discussed by the authors, and they are aesthetically displeasing and can cause a yellow to brown cast in water and may also affect a taste and odour.
Abstract: Tannins are obtained upon the decomposition of vegetation. They will generally be found in surface water supplies or shallow wells. Although these compounds are not a health risk, they are aesthetically displeasing. Tannins are difficult to remove from water. Tannins can cause a yellow to brown cast in water and may also affect a taste and odour.

201 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors evaluated the phytochemical constitution and antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of dried leaves of four medicinally important herbs Ocimum sanctum, Mentha spicata, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Spinacia oleracea utilized in our routine diet alongwith one medicinal important tree Gmelina arborea.
Abstract: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the phytochemical constitution and antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of dried leaves of four medicinally important herbs Ocimum sanctum, Mentha spicata, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Spinacia oleracea utilized in our routine diet alongwith one medicinal important tree Gmelina arborea. Qualitative analysis of phytochemical constituents’ viz. tannins, phlobatannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids, quinones, coumerin, terpenoids and cardiac glycosides and quantitative analysis of total phenolics, alkaloids, saponins and flavanoids was performed by the well-known tests protocol available in the literature. Antioxidant activity was studied through DPPH and reducing power assay.The phytochemical screening revealed the extract richness in Tannins, Phlobatannin, Saponins, Flavonoids, Steroids and Alkaloids. Quantitative analysis of phenolics, alkaloids, saponins and flavanoids had revealed that Mentha spicata possessed maximum phenolic (18.41 %), Gmelina arborea highest alkaloids (5.66 %) & flavanoids (22.80 %) and Trigonella foenum-graecum highest saponin (50.12 %) contents. Antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH radical scavenging and reducing power assays. IC50 values obtained by DPPH activity for Mentha spicata crude extract was found to be 170µg/ml and reducing power was found to be maximum (1.92) at 1mg/ml concentration. The results suggest that Mentha spicata has promising antioxidant activity and could serve as potential source of natural antioxidants.

144 citations

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Journal in previous years
YearPapers
202366
202296
2021170
20201,901
20191,639
20182,418