Journal of Plankton Research
Oxford University Press
About: Journal of Plankton Research is an academic journal published by Oxford University Press. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Phytoplankton & Zooplankton. It has an ISSN identifier of 0142-7873. Over the lifetime, 4503 publications have been published receiving 184360 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The structure of freshwater phytoplankton assemblages is considered and a scheme of vegetation recognition', based upon the functional associations of species represented in the plankton, is promoted.
Abstract: This paper considers the structure of freshwater phytoplankton assemblages and promotes a scheme of vegetation recognition', based upon the functional associations of species represented in the plankton. These groups are often polyphyletic, recognizing commonly shared adaptive features, rather than common phylogeny, to be the key ecological driver. Thirty-one such associations are outlined and the basic pattern of their distinctive ecologies is outlined. An invitation to other plankton scientists to assist in the development of this scheme is issued.
TL;DR: In this paper, an estimate of global net primary production in the ocean has been computed from the monthly mean near-surface chlorophyll fields for 1979-1986 obtained by the Nimbus 7 CZCS radiometer.
Abstract: An estimate of global net primary production in the ocean has been computed from the monthly mean near-surface chlorophyll fields for 1979-1986 obtained by the Nimbus 7 CZCS radiometer. Our model required information about the subsurface distribution of chlorophyll, the parameters of the photosynthesis-light relationship, the sun angle and cloudiness. The computations were partitioned among 57 biogeochemical provinces that were specified from regional oceanography and by examination of the chlorophyll fields. Making different assumptions about the overestimation of chlorophyll by the CZCS in turbid coastal areas, the global net primary production from phytoplankton is given as 45-50 Gt C year"1. This may be compared with current published estimates for land plants of 45-68 Gt C year"' and for coastal vegetation of 1.9 Gt C year"1.
TL;DR: Sun et al. as discussed by the authors proposed a set of geometric models for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for 284 phytoplankton genera in China Sea waters.
Abstract: Phytoplankton biovolume can be measured or calculated through the calculation of similar geometric models. A set of geometric models is suggested for calculating cell biovolume and surface area for 284 phytoplankton genera in China Sea waters. Thirty-one geometric shapes have been assigned to estimate the biovolume and surface area of phytoplankton cells. Reductions of error and microscopic effort are also discussed. The model has been verified by its application in the China Seas regions. The software to make these calculations is available at http://www.ouc.edu.cn/csmxy/sunjun/ biovolume.htm.
TL;DR: It is suggested that cell size and elemental stoichiometry are promising ecophysiological traits for modelling and tracking changes in phytoplankton community structure in response to climate change.
Abstract: Global increases in atmospheric CO2 and temperature are associated with changes in ocean chemistry and circulation, altering light and nutrient regimes. Resulting changes in phytoplankton community structure are expected to have a cascading effect on primary and export production, food web dynamics and the structure of the marine food web as well the biogeochemical cycling of carbon and bio-limiting elements in the sea. A review of current literature indicates cell size and elemental stoichiometry often respond predictably to abiotic conditions and follow biophysical rules that link environmental conditions to growth rates, and growth rates to food web interactions, and consequently to the biogeochemical cycling of elements. This suggests that cell size and elemental stoichiometry are promising ecophysiological traits for modelling and tracking changes in phytoplankton community structure in response to climate change. In turn, these changes are expected to have further impacts on phytoplankton community structure through as yet poorly understood secondary processes associated with trophic dynamics.
TL;DR: Evaluation de l'importance potentielle des protozoaires comme source de nourriture pour le zooplancton and les larves de poissons.
Abstract: Evaluation de l'importance potentielle des protozoaires comme source de nourriture pour le zooplancton et les larves de poissons