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Showing papers in "Journal of Pragmatics in 1995"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the contexts of use of four conventional "pragmatic" gestures are described, i.e., finger bunch, finger ring, finger borsa, ring, and ring, which indicate type of speech act or aspects of discourse structure.

310 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article presented a detailed analysis of free indirect discourse as it relates to narrative theory, and the crucial problematic of how speech and thought are represented in fiction, based on the insights of Ann Banfield's Unspeakable Sentences.

301 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors reexamine Brown and Levinson's theory of politeness and its application in subsequent studies and raise serious questions regarding its value for empirical studies, and in light of this, a new approach to the analysis of Repair Work, placed within a more comprehensive framework of social interaction, is outlined.

191 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper investigated the use of conversational code-switching in Chinese/English bilingual families in the Tyneside area of northeastern England to contextualise preference organization and repairs. But they did not consider the intergenerational patterns of language choice and language competence in the community as a whole.

133 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyze the ways in which some Face-Threatening Acts (FTAs, Brown and Levinson, 1978) are implemented in joking and discuss the strategic advantages of the speaker over the hearer involved in the humorous act.

126 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a model for genre analysis which incorporates both social and cognitive aspects of language comprehension and production has been proposed to account for them, and for the relationship between them, in the perception of communicative events as instances of particular genres.

107 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a sociopragmatic model of the interpretation of the silent answer is set up, with focus on the suspect in custody who is being asked questions by the police or by a lawyer in court.

94 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper analysed two major constructions with clause-final LIKE and found that they are more frequent than clefts, possibly because they do not disrupt the syntax of a given construction and are not associated with hesitations and poor syntactic planning.

83 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the notion of modificateur derealisant (MD) was introduced to define the distinction entreattenuateurs (un peu) and inverseurs (peu).

82 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Anna Trosborg1
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors study the use of the language used in legal speech acts in legislative texts and contracts in the field of English Contract Law and find that the language of the law characteristically selects patterns of regulatives distinct from, for example, the patterns typically selected in everyday conversational English.

74 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper analyzed the dramatic and critical language of and about Macbeth and found that the container and path schemata dominate the salient metaphors of the play, as well as those of the critics who have written for the last two hundred years about the play.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, three strategies for translating a metaphor to a new context are discussed in semantic, pragmatic and communicative terms, and discussed in a case study for the problem of the interaction of participants in the communicative act.

Journal ArticleDOI
Akio Kamio1
TL;DR: This paper presented a comparative pragmatic analysis of Japanese and English based on the theory of territory of information develped in an earlier paper, which assumes that the notion of territory familiar from studies on the behavior of animals (including human beings) is also relevant to the evidential aspect of language.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors investigate the meaning of the high-rise question contour in English, described in Pierrehumbert (1980) as H ∗ H H% and propose that speakers employ H ∆ H H % to convey that the propositional content of the utterance is to be added to speaker and hearer's "mutual beliefs" (those shared by speaker and the hearer and believed by them to be shared).

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper examined the nature of strategic discourse in settings where participants have conflicting goals and concluded that the asymmetrical distribution of speech acts as a mode of strategic communication, which prevents validity claims being raised or challenged except by institutional representatives.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The paper shows how the same descriptive device - the topoi introduced by Anscombre and Ducrot - can serve as the unifying representation level during the whole generation process and build a bridge between the conceptual and linguistic components of the generator.

Journal ArticleDOI
Alan Firth1
TL;DR: The pragmatic and discursive functions of accounts have been the subject of considerable scholarly attention in recent decades as mentioned in this paper, and accounts provide mutually accessible (discourse) resources that allow negotiators to undertake their work effectively, i.e., to reach substantive agreement.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article examined the functions served by Japanese/English code-switching in Canadian Niseis' (second generation) overall in-group speech repertoire, which, according to Nishimura (1992), consists of three bilingual varieties resulting from the language choices which the Japanese make depending upon their interlocutor(s).

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a report of ongoing research on the application of the theory of conceptual metaphor developed by George Lakoff, Mark Johnson, and Mark Turner to the study of Romeo and Juliet.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors describe the "strange language" to which child victim witnesses are subjected during their court appearance and show that the process of cross-examination is grounded in a specifiable discourse, the discourse of denial.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a way to mark the emergence of the topoi used in utterances, even if those topoi belong to the speakers' knowledge and beliefs.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argued that meaning, understanding and reasoning in human language are achieved through bodily experience and figurative processes, as recent work in cognitive linguistics has argued, and that the traditional notion of a separation in kind between ordinary discourse and poetic language no longer holds.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper examined two narrative interactions with a patient suffering from Alzheimer's disease (hereafter AD) and highlighted the importance of understanding and assessing AD discourse like all discourse: in contextual/interactional terms.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is argued that the functional characteristics of utterances penetrate even to the level of the structure - the grammar - of supposed propositional encodings, and that intrinsic constraints constitute a rich realm for exploration in attempting to understand language.


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors consider the question of whether it is rational to accept the claims of rationalistic pragmatics, such as the postulate of the rationality of human behavior, the deterministic approach, and the principle of methodological reductionism.

Journal ArticleDOI
Julie Reid1
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyse data gathered by themselves in an attempt to ascertain whether or not there are gender differences in the communicative competence of speakers with respect to their use of minimal responses.