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Showing papers in "Journal of Social and Political Sciences in 2022"


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors examines the dilemma facing European security in the context of the great power game, the root causes behind the Ukraine crisis, its far-reaching consequences for geopolitics and global patterns and the implications for regional peace in other parts of the world.
Abstract: Located at the geopolitical centre of Eurasia, Ukraine has been an important arena for great power game for nearly three decades since the collapse of the Soviet Union. The West, principally the United States and Europe, and the Russian Federation have therefore been heavily involved in Ukraine's internal and external development. Their ideological, economic, and geopolitical interests clashed in a fierce battle that led to multiple political regime changes in Ukraine, and ultimately plunged Europe into an intractable security situation. This paper takes the rivalry between the US, Europe and Russia in Ukraine as a starting point to examine the dilemma facing European security in the context of the great power game, the root causes behind the Ukraine crisis, its far-reaching consequences for geopolitics and global patterns and the implications for regional peace in other parts of the world.

2 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the role of Type A personality TAP, age, and gender differences in social anhedonia (SA) was investigated in a study with non-patient academics at the University of Baghdad.
Abstract: The study aimed to determine the role of Type A personality TAP, age, and gender differences in social anhedonia (SA). Participants: University of Baghdad non-patient academics (Number = 400) (females = 250, Males = 150) at ages 25-60, with a mid-range of 42.5 years old. Measures: The Revised Social Anhedonia Scale (40 items) and Howard Glazer Questionnaire (20 items) were applied. Data Analysis: The validity and reliability have been examined. When applying the Pearson Correlation, r between SA and TAP was 0.347. Type A1 personality ( the highest score on TAP scale ) had the highest score in SA. Results: There is a weak positive correlation between Type A personality and SA. Age can affect SA; older individuals tend to be more anhedonic. Females had higher scores on SA than males. Discussion: the relationship between SA and TAP required several studies of larger samples in different environments to determine the nature of this relationship and to ensure the positive correlation between them.

1 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors studied three main components of communication city branding in Bangkok as Creative city is primary communication, secondary communication, and tertiary communication, where primary communication city is implemented through providing of landscape, infrastructure, and behaviour, while secondary communication city was implemented through some marketing and promotion, public relations, and design.
Abstract: UNESCO announced on 30 October that Bangkok was designated as a ‘Creative City of Design’. The important issue towards the strategic planning for developing economy of the country is the policy of Creative City. This important initiative or policy of the Creative City had driven from Creative Economy or the economy with creativity. The purpose of th is study is to analysecity branding on Bangkok as Creative City. The result of the research express three main components of communication city branding in Bangkok as Creative city is primary communication, secondary communication and tertiary communication. Primary communication city branding through implementation of providing of landscape, infrastructure, and behaviour. Secondary communication city branding through implementation of promotional programs at some marketing and promotion, public relations, and design. Tertiary communication with the application of WOM at media.

1 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors used the basic concept of sadfishing and Dramatism Theory to find out whether influencers who own TikTok accounts share sadness or Sadfishing because of the "Trend" insistence on TikTok Social Media in order to gain sympathy and empathy.
Abstract: Content creators are competing to increase viewers and enter the TikTok homepage or commonly known as FYP (For Your Page). The existence of this FYP encourages content creators to start doing something that makes their TikTok account viral, one of which is creating sad content or sadfishing. Sadfishing has become a trend where this trend occurs because artists, actors or even ordinary characters share unimportant sadness to get the attention of many people so that they will feel satisfied and are encouraged to continue to sell their sad stories to bring fame. This study uses the basic concept of sadfishing and Dramatism Theory. The approach in this research is qualitative with case study research method. The data collection technique was carried out by in-depth interviews. The data analysis technique uses a method that is carried out in three stages, namely: data reduction, data presentation, and conclusions or verification as a technique for compiling research. The results show that influencers who own TikTok accounts share sadness or Sadfishing because of the "Trend" insistence on TikTok Social Media in order to gain sympathy and empathy, content creators will increasingly look for ways to keep their content liked by many people. the point of it all is that they just want to go viral and be famous.

1 citations


Posted ContentDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the authors analyzed the effect of political instability on economic growth in Ethiopia since 2004 using ARDL regression approach to identify the existence of this correlation and the channels through which this impact happened.
Abstract: This paper analyzes the effect of political instability on economic growth in Ethiopia since 2004 using ARDL regression approach to identify the existence of this correlation and the channels through which this impact happened. The paper found that political instability has a significant effect on economic growth and this impact is more significant through the direct channels more than the indirect effects through its effect on economic environment or investment and financial flows.

1 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , a qualitative approach and an ethnographic type of research was used to understand the form of social action in the kinship of migrant informal sector vendors and understand the values that underlie the formation of social warranty.
Abstract: This study aims to understand the form of social action in the kinship of migrant informal sector vendors and understand the values that underlie the formation of social warranty. The research paradigm used in this study is the social definition paradigm, using a qualitative approach and an ethnographic type of research. The technique of determining the research subjects used purposive sampling and data collection techniques using interview and observation techniques. Data analysis techniques using interactive models and data validity checking techniques using data source triangulation. The results of the study conclude that: a) The social action of migrant angkringan vendors in deciding to open an angkringan business in Ponorogo City is an Instrumental Social Action (Zwerk Rational); b) The existence of the angkringan merchant group cannot be separated from the kinship values that underlie the relationship between them; c) Kinship relations, whether based on marriage or social kinship, have fostered values of mutual assistance or mutual assistance, mutual support for business, and tolerance between Vendors, which supports the continuity of the angkringan business in Ponorogo City; d) The values that have become customary in kinship groups of migrant angkringan vendors have formed social warranty, and e) Social warranty makes the business of the migrant angkringan vendor’s group stronger, able to face business competition, and able to meet the economic needs of their families

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , a series of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities that have been carried out by the company, whether these activities have successfully completed the impacts caused by mining activities.
Abstract: The implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes in Indonesia still largely involves charity to the community or efforts to earn a good name in the wider sphere. This is most especially the case in gold mining, where both large companies and community mining use hazardous materials such as mercury which cause various types of environmental damage. This study aims to look at a series of CSR activities that have been carried out by the company, whether these activities have successfully completed the impacts caused by mining activities. In-depth interviews with informants from all groups were conducted. The results showed that various CSR activities carried out by the company have not been designed to improve the impact caused by gold mining activities, nor CSR programme has not yet had an impact on increasing the capacity of the community; most CSR activities were still charity or inducements to the community or elite groups. Some facts also show the demonstrable result of the use of mercury which has had an impact on public health as well as disruption to people's livelihoods, due to damage to the previously clean water sources.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the role of the memorial hall of the victims in the Nanjing Massacre in the construction of attitudes toward Japan and Japanese society in China is analyzed, and it is shown that the memorial can activate the emotional perception of history and initiate advance reconciliation among former enemies, or in contrast, deteriorate social reconciliation.
Abstract: Preserving the theme of victimization as a pivotal in China’s remembering of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre serves as the main symbol of traumatic memory in China. The Nanjing Massacre plays a big role in the Chinese people’s consciousness and is considered as one of the most debated historical issues between China and Japan. Differences over war memory have negatively impacted Sino-Japanese relations for many decades. But in China, the Nanjing Massacre is regarded as a national trauma that will never be forgotten. This research is aimed to analyze the role of the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in the construction of attitudes toward Japan and Japanese society in China. And answer what kind of the historical representation of the Nanjing Massacre are shaped by the Memorial Hall? Does the Memorial Hall activate the emotional perception of history? Does it initiate advance reconciliation among former enemies, or, in contrast, deteriorate social reconciliation?

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors examined the political participation of the Baduy community in the form of voting in the 2009 Legislative Election and found that the increase in political participation was caused by persuasion by Golkar party legislative candidate, H. Kasmin, to the customary government.
Abstract: This study examines the political participation of the Baduy community in the form of voting in the 2009 Legislative Election. According to their belief, the Baduy are not assigned to participate in the General Election. To respect government regulations, they participated in elections 3 times with few participants (3%). In 2009 the Baduy community participated in the General Election with the number of participants reaching 21% of the Permanent Voters List. This study aims to determine the factors causing the increase in voter turnout. Qualitative research methods. Data collection techniques through in-depth interviews, observations, and literature searches. Research results: the increase in political participation in the form of voting in the 2009 General Election in Kanekes village was caused by persuasion by the Golkar party legislative candidate, H. Kasmin, to the customary government. Persuasion is done using traditional communication, namely face to face, the communicator is a person who is well known so that the communicant believes in the content of the message received. Finally, the traditional leaders agreed to hold the general election in Kanekes village. After the election was approved by traditional leaders, the Golkar party's success team consisting of Baduy people conducted a campaign to the citizens by utilizing primordial ties, namely ethnic ties.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors describe the car-shaped shrine at Pura Paluang Nusa Penida, Bali, and reveal the phenomenon of cultural anomalies based on the ideology of the vehicle of the gods on the carshaped altar.
Abstract: This study describes the architecture iconic car-shaped shrine at Pura Paluang Nusa Penida, Bali. The car-shaped shrine is a manifestation of God's vehicle, which has the title Ida Bhatara Ratu Gede Sakti Ngurah and Hyang Mami or Lord Shiva and Durga. The altar resembles a Jeep Jimny and a VW Beetle. This architectural form is what distinguishes it from mainstream cult architectural works in Bali. This study aims to reveal the phenomenon of cultural anomalies based on the ideology of the vehicle of the gods on the car-shaped altar. This study also reveals the process of meaning and local elites who capture ideological knowledge on the car-shaped altar, to use power through cultural discourse. This study uses a qualitative method with an interpretive descriptive approach. Primary data was obtained through observation and interviews with informants determined by purposive sampling, and secondary data through literature study. Data analysis with the post-structuralism approach, Foucault's power genealogy methodology, and theory of discourse-power-knowledge relations are also from Foucault. The results of the study show that the dominance of the discourse of local elites in Karang Dawa Nusa Penida causes the ideology of traditional sign language about the vehicle of the gods to be exceeded, and the symptoms of cultural anomalies are strengthened through the power-knowledge-truth relation. The cultural discourse has disciplined the local community and people outside Nusa Penida, to attend prayers or to travel to Paluang Temple.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors focused on efforts to eradicate corruption in China during the Xi Jinping era, whose implementation is much different from that of previous Chinese leaders, and used descriptive analysis method and elite and power theory.
Abstract: The anti-corruption campaign launched by Xi Jinping since the beginning of his tenure as president of China has experienced pros and cons according to some experts in the fields of politics, economics, and law, ranging from a decline in short-term local economic growth, a decline in domestic investment, a camouflage for power struggles, and recovery. public confidence in the Chinese Communist Party. Under Xi Jinping's leadership, the anti-corruption campaign has expanded in scope, from central officials, regional officials, the military, to retirees who previously held certain positions in the Chinese Communist Party. With the descriptive analysis method and elite and power theory, this study focuses on efforts to eradicate corruption in China during the Xi Jinping era, whose implementation is much different from that of previous Chinese leaders.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors developed an understanding of major changes such as the effectiveness of government, economic growth, religion, and socio-political role of the middle-class people that have taken place in the society and politics of Bangladesh over the last few years.
Abstract: The objectives of the study are to develop an understanding of major changes such as the effectiveness of government, economic growth, religion, and the socio-political role of the middle-class people that have taken place in the society and politics of Bangladesh over the last few years. Apart from that this study also intends to analyze the crisis of the democratic system in Bangladesh and the widespread influence of religion on politicians of the society. In addition to that, the context of the developments of economic growth in Bangladesh has been significant over the last few decades, which has helped in the emergence and development of a new middle class in the country. In the past, it has been said theoretically and in the light of the experience of different countries that economic growth and development of the middle class simultaneously strengthen democracy and reduce the political appeal of religion in society and politics. All in all, this study attempted to present some hypotheses on the particular issues of Bangladesh.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , a qualitative method was implemented through interviews, observations, and three times of Focus Group Discussions (FGD) to show that women play an essential role in tourist activities.
Abstract: The tourism sector provides opportunities to develop inclusive communities, including Tidar Campur. The initiative of establishing tourist destinations is proposed as an effort to reduce slum areas in Magelang City, Central Java, Indonesia. The idea of initiating an educational tourist village comes from the local societies who believes that there is a promising potential from tofu enterprises. This study depicts how a participatory approach with three primary components work in tourist destination establishment. Community participatory was used as a framework of this paper. The qualitative method was implemented through interviews, observations, and three times of Focus Group Discussions (FGD). The result shows that women play an essential role in tourist activities. However, the women place themselves in the passive group in the public discussion of tourism establishment in which agreement, strategy, and decision-making are discussed.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors analyzed the effect of political instability on economic growth in Ethiopia since 2004 using ARDL regression approach to identify the existence of this correlation and the channels through which this impact happened.
Abstract: This paper analyzes the effect of political instability on economic growth in Ethiopia since 2004 using ARDL regression approach to identify the existence of this correlation and the channels through which this impact happened. The paper found that political instability has a significant effect on economic growth and this impact is more significant through the direct channels more than the indirect effects through its effect on economic environment or investment and financial flows.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the role of the informal mechanism introduced by the solidarity for victims of human rights violations of Central Sulawesi and the formal mechanism of the Palu Regional Government, which succeeded in realising restorative justice related to the 1965-1966 incident in Palu through truth-seeking, grassroots reconciliation, apology, and victims' reparations.
Abstract: This article discusses the role of the informal mechanism introduced by the solidarity for victims of human rights violations of Central Sulawesi and the formal mechanism of the Palu Regional Government, which succeeded in realising restorative justice related to the 1965-1966 incident in Palu through truth-seeking, grassroots reconciliation, apology, and victims' reparations. How did this local initiative succeed amid the stagnation of the national initiative? This research applied a qualitative method. This study found the critical elements of the local initiatives' success in Palu: First, the use of the informal and formal transitional justice mechanisms. Although informal mechanisms could play a significant role in actualising restorative justice in Palu, the role of formal mechanisms remained irreplaceable because particular aspects could not be done through informal mechanisms, such as victim reparations. Collaborating between the two mechanisms made the local initiatives more effective and broader impact. Another essential element behind the realisation of restorative justice in Palu is the role of political actors, namely Rusdy Mastura, Palu' mayor (2010-2015) and Nurlaela Lamasitudju (General Secretary of SKP-HAM). The strong political will of the Palu Mayor was depicted through an apology and reparations program for the 1965-1966 victims, and the lobbies that have been carried out by the general secretary of SKP-HAM have an essential role in realising restorative justice related to the 1965-1966 incident in Palu.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the authors examined the relationship inherent between traditional institutions and the modern democratic process of governance in Africa with particular reference to Nigeria and found a close relationship between the traditional administration and the democratic governance processes in Nigeria.
Abstract: Democratic governance is undoubtedly adjudged to be the most acceptable instrument through which people can be better served and administered for sustainable development. Even though traditional institution has been the indigenous governance instrument long before the advent of modern democracy, it is a framework that survived and believed to have tremendous impacts on the modern democratic process and governance in Nigeria. This paper therefore examines the relationship inherent between the traditional institutions and the modern democratic process of governance in Africa with particular reference to Nigeria. The research is a survey type which relies on available literature on governance, close observations and discussion with intellectuals and experts on governance generally. The paper finds a close relationship between the traditional administration and the democratic governance processes in Nigeria. This relationship by way of impacts on democratisation process is seen in the following ways; despotic disposition to leadership, personalisation of the instruments of governance, apparent disregard for constitutional limitations of tenure, masculinisation of leadership, class domination and promotion of political hegemony. The paper concludes that there is a dominance of such traditional administration values among Nigerian politicians and leaders. The paper recommends a systemic restructuring, systematic but aggressive mass reorientation and sensitisation about the true democratic culture and value as against the old order, promotion of equal opportunities for all, mass literacy campaign against despotism and personalisation of instruments of governance, promotion of transparency and accountability amongst others, for good governance and sustainable development.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors analyzed the dynamics of the opposition in the post-2019 presidential election and concluded that the motivation for standing in opposition is to serve the role of checks and balances.
Abstract: The 1998 reform has sparked new hope for the freedom of opinion and expression. The accompanying rhetoric fuels an encouraging situation for the existence of the opposition. This study analyses the dynamics of the opposition in the post-2019 presidential election. This article describes the existence of the opposition, which comprises two political parties at the government level) and three mass organizations at the community level, as well as evaluates several policies. By using the qualitative method, the primary data was gathered through interviews with several opposition figures and secondary data through documents, scientific articles, and media publications related to the agenda and political attitudes of the opposition parties. This study concludes that the drive to stand in opposition to political parties is not composed to single reason. Instead, this article contends that the motivation for standing in opposition is to serve the role of checks and balances

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The issue of land is always a key issue when studying the feudal agricultural economy as mentioned in this paper , and the agricultural economy is still the main economic sector of most ethnic groups in Son La province.
Abstract: The issue of land is always a key issue when studying the feudal agricultural economy. Currently, in the economic structure of Son La province, the agricultural economy is still the main economic sector of most ethnic groups. Therefore, the study of issues on land and agricultural economy in the past is of greater significance. During the feudal period, the land ownership situation of Son La province was recorded in the original cadastral records kept at the National Archives No. 1 in Hanoi. Total 34 cadastral records in Sino-Vietnamese characters in Son La province are 34 “động” and communes at different times. In the Minh Menh’s 21st year (1840), there were 11 cadastral records listing land area of 5 “châu” (Phu Yen, Thuan, Son La, Mai Son, Yen) with 11 communes which clearly showed the difference in land ownership among the families in Son La province.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: According to as discussed by the authors , Islamic art does not have a basic source of holy books from the Qur'an or hadith but has a very Islamic character, which is different with Western or Christian art, where art is all works involving ideas in a harmonious form of beauty.
Abstract: According to Toynbee, Islamic civilization is categorized in the Judaeo-Christian tradition. This civilization has developed far from the place of its birth. First headed to Southern Europe and switched to India, China and Indonesia or often known as Eastern civilization. Regarding art, initially Islam did not need it at all, but because of the demands of the situation and conditions, Muslims created various works of art to express a religious view of life. In the place where this religion was born, Islamic art is useful as a fence for expression because it prevents the influence of non-religious art, such as that of non-Muslims. It is different with Western or Christian art, where art is all works involving ideas in a harmonious form of beauty. In the Bible it is stated that everything in Christ is a new creation because the old has been forgotten. On the other hand, Islamic art does not have a basic source of holy books from the Qur'an or hadith but has a very Islamic character. The nascent Islam did not know art. Arab traders and caravan leaders had contacts with the Byzantine and Persian civilizations. Their interest in weapons, knick-knacks, and fabrics that make them look like aliens is fascinating and one of the most artistic works they can admire on their journey.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The English Language Development-Content-Based Teaching and Learning (ELD-CBTL) model is designed and implemented to help shift teachers' knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and practices of using appropriate ELD strategies in a career academy to ELs as mentioned in this paper .
Abstract: This study is situated in an educational context where secondary Latinx English learners’ enrollment has dramatically increased. However, many face limited access to quality education and lack the skills to be college and career-ready. To tackle this problem, the English Language Development–Content-Based Teaching and Learning (ELD–CBTL) model is designed and implemented to help shift teachers’ knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and practices of using appropriate ELD strategies in a career academy to ELs. The ELD–CBTL model is rooted in the teacher change theory and aligned with the California Principles of the English Learner Roadmap, which included professional development on ELD, ELD instructional training, and coaching support. Findings show that the participating teachers’ self-efficacy shifted when they applied the instructional skills, which made them more confident with providing rigorous EL content that meets the requirements for college admission.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the authors used qualitative research methods, data collection using in-depth interviews, and observation, and found that the creative economy has implemented digital transformation in the Super Priority Tourism Destination area in Mandalika, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara.
Abstract: The Mandalika Super Priority Tourism Destination (SPTD) on Lombok Island has recently become one of the most popular tourist destinations in the media. Its beautiful charm makes Mandalika a critical tourist destination and makes Mandalika attractive to domestic and foreign tourists. Creative economy growth in Lombok is swift, but few are digitally transformed. Therefore, the application of digital transformation is a concern in this research, especially in Mandalika. The theory in this research is the Reasonable Digital Transformation Model. This study uses qualitative research methods, data collection using in-depth interviews, and observation. The informants in this study were creative economy actors randomly selected with the criteria that they had used a digital platform for their business but not optimally. The result of this research is that the creative economy has implemented digital transformation in the Super Priority Tourism Destination area in Mandalika, Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. The reasons for the digital transformation of the creative economy include changes in consumer behavior, the very rapid development of the digital era, and the Covid-19 pandemic using the Social Media Marketing strategy.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the authors employed norm life cycle (dynamics) theory to investigate the problem behind UN MDGs' inability to overcome poverty in Indonesia, which was due to the excessive use of statistical and quantitative basis of poverty eradication efforts rather than a more qualitative and welfare building approaches.
Abstract: The United Nations (UN) Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), an international development movement oriented towards human welfare and global poverty eradication with measurable goals and targets, had hit the deadline by 2015. Its implementation reaped various contestations and claims regarding its success and failures in eradicating poverty in Indonesia. The Indonesian government claimed to have succeeded (on the track) in meeting the MDGs targets in eradicating poverty by reducing half of the number of Indonesians who earn one dollar per day (purchasing power parity/PPP) for the period 1990-2015. Meanwhile, the reality on the ground showed the contrast. Many Indonesian people lived in poverty and had minimal access to public health and education facilities. UNESCAP reported that Indonesia was one of the countries in the Asia Pacific region, which was alarming to achieve the MDGs. Based on such contradictions regarding the MDGs' poverty eradication mission in Indonesia, this article aims to examine why the MDGs program had not been able to overcome the problem of poverty in Indonesia? This article employs norm life cycle (dynamics) theory to investigate the problem behind UN MDGs' inability to overcome poverty in Indonesia. UN MDGs were considered a global norm in this article, substantiating the poverty eradication mission. Using the norm life cycle theory theorizing the three stages of norm development, starting from norm emergence, cascade, and internalization, this article reviews and investigates how Indonesia had dealt and performed in each of those norm life cycle stages within the framework of global poverty eradication norm. Based on the theoretical approach used, this article argues that the inability of UN MDGs to resolve poverty in Indonesia was due to the excessive use of statistical and quantitative basis of poverty eradication efforts rather than a more qualitative and welfare building approaches. Moreover, a systemic problem existed upon MDGs' coordination and implementation on the Indonesian government and donor countries/institutions. It included the lack of commitment to official development aid (ODA) realization, renegotiation and elimination of Indonesia's foreign debt, and rampant corruption in the national development and poverty eradication funds.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors explore references to one source that can provide benefits for researchers about symbolic power, it is in the interest to use bibliometric methods to map the spification of research, namely, to reveal the number of articles produced by symbolic power research, and reveal the collaboration map.
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore references to one source that can provide benefits for researchers about symbolic power, it is in the interest to use bibliometric methods to map the spification of research, namely 1) to reveal the number of articles produced by symbolic power research. 2) Conduct mapping to review symbolic power research that has been done, and 3) reveal the collaboration map. The method provides objective parameters in controlling literature and provides opportunities to encourage increased accuracy and minimize the bias of researchers in scientific literature reviews by paying attention to the research results of scholars working in the field research area. This bibliometric method provided citation analysis guidelines, co-citation analysis, coupling bibliography, co-author analysis, and co-word analysis, as well as work guidelines. Bibliometric methods would complement the meta-analysis and review of qualitatively structured literature as a method for exploring and evaluating scientific literature. To demonstrate bibliometric methods, it was done with citation analysis and co-citation to map the intellectual structure of symbolic power journals. The results showed that the investigation of human-related symbolic power was shown by 109 events widely published by the scopus.com database during 2012-2022. From the mapping carried out through bibliometrics shows that the trend of research is related to the term human keywords.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the identification of Bangli's architectural style characteristics through the kori agung as an object of the investigation is described, where drawings, sketches and visual analyses are used to describe the architectural qualities of kor agung, which are typical of Bangali.
Abstract: The existence of vernacular architecture has given characteristics to the built environment and area. Vernacular architecture has became into a distinct personality that differentiates one location from another. Bangli architecture is one of the various kinds of architecture that evolved in Bali. Bangli architectural style has evolved from the 15th century to the 18th century AD. The characteristics of Bangli's distinctive architectural design can be seen in the main entrance building called kori agung. Today the architectural style in Bangli began to be replaced by the entry of other architectural styles in the surrounding area. For this reason, documentation efforts are needed to explore the identity and characteristics of Bangli architectural design. This article describes the identification of Bangli's architectural style characteristics through the kori agung as an object of the investigation. Data collection was carried out through field measurements, interviews and historical literacy. Architectural inspection techniques and graphical analysis are used in the analytical method, with architectural drawings and forms serving as the primary instruments. As a result, drawings, sketches and visual analyses are used to describe the architectural qualities of kori agung, which are typical of Bangli.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the role of digital influencers in building digital engagement for the @byu.id account was investigated and the results indicated that digital influencer have a role that can build digital engagement with these three aspects which are supported by content creation & personal branding that results in audience participation so that digital engagement is formed.
Abstract: The existence of digital influencers in the past years has grown very rapidly due to changes in the characteristics of social media users. Social media users prefer things that are collaborative, original and community. This is due to the variety of social media platforms available and by presenting tools that make users more creative. This provides opportunities for various brands to collaborate with Digital Influencers to increase engagement on social media that can affect sales. by.U as the first all-digital provider in Indonesia took advantage of this opportunity to build engagement on social media. The selection of KOL is based on the Pillars of Influence theory which includes Reach, Relevance and Resonance. This study aims to find out how the role of digital influencers in building digital engagement for the @byu.id account. The results of this study indicate that digital influencers have a role that can build digital engagement with these three aspects which are supported by content creation & personal branding that results in audience participation so that digital engagement is formed.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , the authors describe the capacity building of the election supervisory body of Kuantan Singingi Regency to strengthen election capacity, and describe the factors that affect the constituency's capacity building, including leadership, commitment, networking and media information and communication.
Abstract: Election law violations always occur in every election in Indonesia. One of them is Riau Province, specifically the Kuantan Singingi Regency which is directly adjacent to the Province of West Sumatra and Jambi Province, Kuantan Singingi Regency has a fluctuating number of violations and the same violations in every general election. Thus, the need to strengthen the capacity of Election Supervisory Body in the 2020 Regional Head Election of Kuantan Singingi Regency by carrying out and extra for the election. This study aims to describe the capacity building of the Election Supervisory Body of Kuantan Singingi Regency to strengthen election capacity, to describe the factors that affect the capacity building of the Election Supervisory Body of Kuantan Singingi Regency to strengthen election capacity. Thus the research method uses qualitative methods. The object of the research is the Election Supervisory Body of Kuantan Singingi Regency. Result shows that the capacity of the Election Supervisory Body of Kuantan Singingi Regency to strengthen the election process by conducting and through training, technical guidance, coordinator meetings, recruitment and selection and socialization of participatory strengthening. The influencing factors include leadership, commitment, networking and media information and communication. The suggestions given are the socialization of participatory supervision of supervision carried out in public open spaces and improvement of regulations related to the authority of the Election Supervisory Body of Kuantan Singingi Regency to impose sanctions for violators of the Regional Head Election Law.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors made use of statistical data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) to determine the extent of child labor in the country and describe the conditions of their work and found that the continued pauperization in the countryside, especially in the urban centers brought about by population growth and capitalism, had increased the number of children joining the labor force.
Abstract: It is the right of every child to have a healthy environment, formal education, and a loving family. However, poverty forces a child to work even in dangerous streets. In the Philippines, the Child Protection Law defined children as persons below eighteen (18) years of age or those over but are unable to fully take care of themselves or protect themselves from abuse, neglect, cruelty, exploitation, or discrimination because of a physical or mental disability or condition. Despite the existing legislations in the country and with the United Nations declarations promoting the protection of children from exploitation, the problem in the country continues to exist. The paper aims to determine the extent of child labor in the country and describe the conditions of their work. The analysis of this paper made use of statistical data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). Descriptive methods of analysis were utilized in analyzing the data. The results of the study showed that the continued pauperization in the countryside, especially in the urban centers brought about by population growth and capitalism, had increased the number of children joining the labor force. Although progress has been made in promoting and protecting the rights of these children in national legislation and policy, many remain unreached, especially children among the poorest families, who contribute significantly to family income. This limited access of children to basic services further put them into the life of drudgery that would impair their development, hence, their future in general.

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors explored American think tanks' policy narratives advocating managing strategic competition and coordinating on global governance imperatives and argued that when political discourse changes these narratives will help to make a real course correction in U.S.-China relations come true.
Abstract: American think tanks play important roles in its foreign policy making and their policy narratives about U.S.China relations have great chances to influence or being factored into Biden administration’s China policies. This article explores American think tanks’ policy narratives advocating managing strategic competition and coordinating on global governance imperatives. It argues that when political discourse changes these narratives will help to make a real course correction in U.S.-China relations come true.

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TL;DR: By analyzing the advantages, disadvantages, and the degree of impact of factors affecting online learning behaviors, the research group makes some recommendations on applying a more effective online learning method, even after the Covid-19 pandemic is under control.
Abstract: This article aims to analyze the factor affecting online learning (e-learning) of high-school and university students in Vietnam based on such models as the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA – Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975); Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB - Ajzen, 1991); Technology Acceptance Model (TAM - Davis, 1989); C-TAM-TPB by Taylor and Todd (1995); and Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) by Viswanath Venkatesh, Michael G. Moris, Gordon B. Davis, and Fred D (2003), and other related experimental studies. Based on the quantitative analysis results, it can be seen that among six factors that affect the online learning behavior of students, perceived behavioral control has the strongest impact, at 30.5%, the perceived ease of use affecting 28.7%, performance expectancy at 17.3% and facilitating conditions at 14.9%, social influence only at 12.3% and the risk of online learning harms students' behavior at -13.8%. By analyzing the advantages, disadvantages, and the degree of impact of factors affecting online learning behaviors, the research group makes some recommendations on applying a more effective online learning method, even after the Covid-19 pandemic is under control

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TL;DR: In this paper , the authors investigate the root causes behind the increasing practices of state protectionism, which have negative consequences and endure slow global economic growth, by raising the issue of why does protectionism still exist despite being criticized as suboptimal compared to free trade?
Abstract: State protectionism in international trade relations has gained momentum and impacted global trade flows. The negative repercussion is inevitable as it contributes to the global economic downturn and slow global economic growth. The global economic rebound is expected to have occurred, still, it faces a magnificent impediment to being realized. Many major economies - including the US, China, Japan, and EU- which glorify the importance of free trade to raise global prosperity are even leading in exerting protectionist policy in their trade relations and thus influencing the increasing global trend of its practices. This article thus orients to investigate the root causes behind the increasing practices of state protectionism, which have negative consequences and endure slow global economic growth, by raising the issue of “why does protectionism still exist despite being criticized as suboptimal compared to free trade?”. In investigating this issue, this article employs the theoretical approach of state protectionism and instigate three main proposition based on it. This article argues that the enduring state protectionism is mainly caused by WTO's diminishing credibility in the world trade governance, the global financial crisis (GFC) 2008 occurrence, and the US rising anti-trade rhetoric that induced the domino effect of economic populism and protectionism. This article will proceed as follows. It will detail the background of contemporary state protectionism and briefly review the state protectionism theoretical approach. Eventually, it will analyze the fundamental causes behind the enduring state protectionist approach in contemporary international trade relations.