Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
About: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society is an academic journal. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Fatty acid & Soybean oil. It has an ISSN identifier of 0003-021X. Over the lifetime, 14069 publication(s) have been published receiving 392834 citation(s). The journal is also known as: J A O C S & The journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: An improved distillation method is described for the quantitative determination of malonaldehyde in foods containing oxidized fats and a high correlation of TBA numbers with rancid odor in cooked meats was established.
Abstract: An improved distillation method is described for the quantitative determination of malonaldehyde in foods containing oxidized fats. The procedure is compared with other methods in current use for the determination of malonaldehyde. A high correlation of TBA numbers with rancid odor in cooked meats was established.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors showed that the conversion to methyl, ethyl and butyl esters from cottonseed, peanut, soybean and sunflower oils can be done in 1 hr with an alkaline catalyst.
Abstract: Transesterification reaction variables that affect yield and purity of the product esters from cottonseed, peanut, soybean and sunflower oils include molar ratio of alcohol to vegetable oil, type of catalyst (alkaline vs acidic), temperature and degree of refinement of the vegetable oil. With alkaline catalysts (either sodium hydroxide or methoxide), temperatures of 60 C or higher, molar ratios of at least 6 to 1 and with fully refined oils, conversion to methyl, ethyl and butyl esters was essentially complete in 1 hr. At moderate temperatures (32 C), vegetable oils were 99% transesterified in ca. 4 hr with an alkaline catalyst. Transesterification by acid catalysis was much slower than by alkali catalysis. Although the crude oils could be transesterified, ester yields were reduced because of gums and extraneous material present in the crude oils.
TL;DR: Assessment of oxidativedamage to biomolecules by means of emerging technologies based on products of oxidative damage to DNA, lipids, and proteins would not only advance the understanding of the underlying mechanisms but also facilitate supplementation and intervention studies designed and conducted to test antioxidant efficacy in human health and disease.
Abstract: Free radicals and other reactive oxygen species (ROS) are constantly formed in the human body. Free-radical mechanisms have been implicated in the pathology of several human diseases, including cancer, atherosclerosis, malaria, and rheumatoid arthritis and neurodegenerative diseases. For example, the superoxide radical (O2·−) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are known to be generated in the brain and nervous system in vivo, and several areas of the human brain are rich in iron, which appears to be easily mobilizable in a form that can stimulate free-radical reactions. Antioxidant defenses to remove O2·− and H2O2 exist. Superoxide dismutases (SOD) remove O2·− by greatly accelerating its conversion to H2O2. Catalases in peroxisomes convert H2O2 into water and O2 and help to dispose of H2O2 generated by the action of the oxidase enzymes that are located in these organelles. Other important H2O2-removing enzymes in human cells are the glutathione peroxidases. When produced in excess, ROS can cause tissue injury. However, tissue injury can itself cause ROS generation (e.g., by causing activation of phagocytes or releasing transition metal ions from damaged cells), which may (or may not, depending on the situation) contribute to a worsening of the injury. Assessment of oxidative damage to biomolecules by means of emerging technologies based on products of oxidative damage to DNA (e.g., 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine), lipids (e.g., isoprostanes), and proteins (altered amino acids) would not only advance our understanding of the underlying mechanisms but also facilitate supplementation and intervention studies designed and conducted to test antioxidant efficacy in human health and disease.
TL;DR: The modified method involved application of crude egg phosphatides to a column of alumina in the proportion of 1 g phosphatide/25 g alumina, and elution of the lecithin fraction with the 2-component solvent system chloroform:methanol, 9:1 by vol.
Abstract: Chromatographically homogeneous egg lecithin, as determined by TLC on Silica Gel G, has been isolated from crude egg phosphatides by column chromatography on alumina through modification of existing, lengthy methods. The modified method involved application of crude egg phosphatides to a column of alumina in the proportion of 1 g phosphatide/25 g alumina, and elution of the lecithin fraction with the 2-component solvent system chloroform:methanol, 9:1 by vol. This method of purification separated lecithin from other choline and non-choline components of crude phosphatides, avoided overloading of the alumina column, and made unnecessary the need for a second chromatographic fractionation of partially purified lecithin on silicic acid, which is needed in existing methods of purification of lecithin. The use of fresh yolks permitted easier removal of pigment from the final product than was possible with commercially dried yolks. Phosphatides extracted from dried yolks were much more highly colored than were the phosphatides extracted from fresh yolks and the color presisted through chromatography on alumina. The fatty acid/phosphorus molar ratio of the purified lecithin was 2.00, which is the theoretical FA/P molar ratio of phosphatidylcholine; other materials with this ratio were not present.
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of the type of alcohol, 1-butanol or methanol (MeOH), molar ratio of alcohol to SBO, type and amount of catalyst, and reaction temperature on rate constants and kinetic order were examined.
Abstract: Transesterification of soybean oil (SBO) and other triglycerides with alcohols, in the presence of a catalyst, yields fatty esters and glycerol. Di- and monoglycerides are intermediates. Reactions are consecutive and reversible. Rate constants have been determined for each reaction with a computerized kinetic program. The effects of the type of alcohol, 1-butanol or methanol (MeOH); molar ratio of alcohol to SBO; type and amount of catalyst; and reaction temperature on rate constants and kinetic order were examined. Forward reactions appear to be pseudo-first order or second order depending upon conditions used. Reverse reactions appear to be second order. At a molar ratio of MeOH/SBO of 6:1, a shunt reaction was observed. Energy of activation was determined for all forward and reverse reactions under a variety of experimental conditions from plots of log k vs 1/T. Values ranged from 8–20 kcal/mol.
Related Journals (5)
Journal of Food Science
24.1K papers, 760.9K citations
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
46.5K papers, 2.1M citations
8.4K papers, 284.9K citations
31.4K papers, 1.4M citations
Lwt - Food Science and Technology
12.5K papers, 345.9K citations