Journal of Vibration and Acoustics
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
About: Journal of Vibration and Acoustics is an academic journal published by American Society of Mechanical Engineers. The journal publishes majorly in the area(s): Vibration & Nonlinear system. It has an ISSN identifier of 1048-9002. Over the lifetime, 3208 publications have been published receiving 71192 citations. The journal is also known as: Vibration and acoustics & ASME Journal of Vibration and Acoustics.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the exact analytical solution of a cantilevered piezoelectric energy harvester with Euler-Bernoulli beam assumptions is presented, and the resulting expressions for the coupled mechanical response and the electrical outputs are then reduced for the particular case of harmonic behavior in time and closed-form exact expressions are obtained.
Abstract: Cantilevered beams with piezoceramic layers have been frequently used as piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters in the past five years. The literature includes several single degree-of-freedom models, a few approximate distributed parameter models and even some incorrect approaches for predicting the electromechanical behavior of these harvesters. In this paper, we present the exact analytical solution of a cantilevered piezoelectric energy harvester with Euler–Bernoulli beam assumptions. The excitation of the harvester is assumed to be due to its base motion in the form of translation in the transverse direction with small rotation, and it is not restricted to be harmonic in time. The resulting expressions for the coupled mechanical response and the electrical outputs are then reduced for the particular case of harmonic behavior in time and closed-form exact expressions are obtained. Simple expressions for the coupled mechanical response, voltage, current, and power outputs are also presented for excitations around the modal frequencies. Finally, the model proposed is used in a parametric case study for a unimorph harvester, and important characteristics of the coupled distributed parameter system, such as short circuit and open circuit behaviors, are investigated in detail. Modal electromechanical coupling and dependence of the electrical outputs on the locations of the electrodes are also discussed with examples.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors demonstrate that modes can be selectively excited and that the geometry of the actuator shape markedly affects the distribution of the response among modes, and that it is possible to tailor the shape of an actuator to either excite or suppress particular modes.
Abstract: The results demonstrate that modes can be selectively excited and that the geometry of the actuator shape markedly affects the distribution of the response among modes. It thus appears possible to tailor the shape of the actuator to either excite or suppress particular modes leading to improved control behavior
TL;DR: In this article, an analytical model of planetary gears was developed to investigate their natural frequencies and vibration modes, where the specia structure results from the cyclic symmetry of the planetary gears.
Abstract: This work develops an analytical model of planetary gears and uses it to investigate their natural frequencies and vibration modes. The model admits three planar degrees of freedom for each of the sun, ring, carrier and planets. It includes key factors affecting planetary gear vibration such as gyroscopic effects and time-varying stiff ness. For the linear, time-invariant case, examination of the associated eigenvalue problem reveals the well-defined structure of the vibration modes, where the specia structure results from the cyclic symmetry of planetary gears. Vibration modes an classified into rotational, translational and planet modes. The unique characteristics of each type of mode are analytically investigated in detail. For each class of mode reduced-order eigenvalue problems are derived.
TL;DR: The GHM method as mentioned in this paper provides viscoelastic finite elements derived from the commonly used elastic finite elements, which are used directly and conveniently in second-order structural models jut like their elastic counterparts.
Abstract: The GHM Method provides viscoelastic finite elements derived from the commonly used elastic finite elements. Moreover, these GHM elements are used directly and conveniently in second-order structural models jut like their elastic counterparts. The forms of the GHM element matrices preserve the definiteness properties usually associated with finite element matrices—namely, the mass matrix is positive definite, the stiffness matrix is nonnegative definite, and the damping matrix is positive semi-definite. In the Laplace domain, material properties are modeled phenomenologically as a sum of second-order rational functions dubbed mini-oscillator terms. Developed originally as a tool for the analysis of damping in large flexible space structures, the GHM method is applicable to any structure which incorporates viscoelastic materials.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors used wavelet analysis and envelope detection (ED) to detect bearing failure in a motor-pump driven system, which can detect both periodic and non-periodic signals, allowing the machine operator to more easily detect the remaining types of bearing faults.
Abstract: The components which often fail in a rolling element bearing are the outer-race, the inner-race, the rollers, and the cage. Such failures generate a series of impact vibrations in short time intervals, which occur at Bearing Characteristic Frequencies (BCF). Since BCF contain very little energy, and are usually overwhelmed by noise and higher levels of macro-structural vibrations, they are difficult to find in their frequency spectra when using the common technique of Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT). Therefore, Envelope Detection (ED) is always used with FFT to identify faults occurring at the BCF. However, the computation of ED is complicated, and requires expensive equipment and experienced operators to process. This, coupled with the incapacity of FFT to detect nonstationary signals, makes wavelet analysis a popular alternative for machine fault diagnosis. Wavelet analysis provides multi-resolution in time-frequency distribution for easier detection of abnormal vibration signals. From the results of extensive experiments performed in a series of motor-pump driven systems, the methods of wavelet analysis and FFT with ED are proven to be efficient in detecting some types of bearing faults. Since wavelet analysis can detect both periodic and nonperiodic signals, it allows the machine operator to more easily detect the remaining types of bearing faults which are impossible by the method of FFT with ED. Hence, wavelet analysis is a better fault diagnostic tool for the practice in maintenance.